ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Properties of Quadrilaterals - square, rectangle, rhombus, parallelogram, kite, trapezoid

Updated on March 6, 2012

A quadrilateral is the name given to any shape with 4 sides. All the angles in a quadrilateral will sum to 360⁰. In this hub we will take a look at the main quadrilaterals that come up in math tests and list their main mathematical properties:

A square has 4 equal side lengths and contains four right angles. It has 4 lines of reflectional symmetry and also has order 4 rotational symmetry.

A rectangle (or oblong) has 2 pairs of equal side lengths and like a square contains 4 right angles. It has 2 lines of reflectional symmetry and has order 2 rotational symmetry.

A rhombus (looks like a diamond) has 4 equal side lengths and also has 2 pairs of parallel sides. The angles opposite each other are equal in size. It also has 2 lines of reflectional symmetry and has order 2 rotational symmetry.

A parallelogram looks a bit like a “squashed rectangle”. Just like a rectangle is has 2 pairs of equal side lengths and also has 2 pairs of parallel sides. Also the angles opposite each other are the same size. A parallelogram doesn’t have reflectional symmetry and the order of rotational symmetry is order 2. Make sure you remember these facts as parallelograms are quite a popular question on math tests as many students assume that a parallelogram has 2 lines of reflectional symmetry.

Probably one of the easiest quadrilaterals to recognise is a kite. A kite has 2 pairs of equal sides and 1 pair of equal angles. It also has 1 line of reflectional symmetry but it doesn’t have rotational symmetry (order 1). If you draw in all of the diagonals of a kite they will meet at right angles in the centre of the kite.

A trapezium or trapezoid is one of the trickiest shapes to get right in math tests as it can be drawn in different ways. The main property of a trapezoid is that it has one pair of parallel sides.


Submit a Comment
  • firechik211 profile image


    8 years ago

    Failed geometry. voted up and useful also.

  • Phil Plasma profile image

    Phil Plasma 

    8 years ago from Montreal, Quebec

    Are you going to do polyhedrons including tetrahedrons in a subsequent hub?

    Voted up and useful.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)