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Psychology and Philosophy: A Brief Article Response
Psychology and philosophy have been intertwined since the dawn of each’s true emergence, dating back to Aristotle. Beginning with the foundations of psychology with James and Wundt, there began a disparate separation of the two.
The line between “philosophy” and “psychology” was anything but clear (Green and Feinerer, 2017). The new school of psychologists began focusing on the true observations of mental processes and behavior as well as being able to quantify results. Even within the growing field of psychology, specific schools of thought began to develop. As many sciences had done, such as physics and chemistry, psychological fields began to specialize in individual areas. Green and Feinerer (2017) have stated that one of the most critical philosophical questions of the late 19th century in which psychology played a central role was that of the relationship between logic and the human mind. Questions such as these aided in the development of the field of psychology and hence provided pathways for individuals such as William James to explore.
By the mid-1910s, the intellectual separation of philosophy and psychology is considered to have been complete (Green and Feinerer, 2017). James was then able to pursue his field and develop his four methods, which are the stream of consciousness, emotion, habit and will.