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Roman General - Publius Quintilius Varus

Updated on August 23, 2010

Publius Quintilius Varus was a Roman general. He was consul in 13 B.C., afterward proconsul of Syria, where he gained the confidence of Augustus by checking an insurrection of the Jews.

Six years later he received from the emperor, with whose family he was connected through his wife, the command to introduce the Roman jurisdiction, language and religion into that part of Germany which had just been conquered by Drusus.

A general revolt having been secretly arranged by Arminius, Varus was attacked by an immense host and while trying to make his escape had his whole army, consisting of three legions, cut to pieces in a pass of the Saltus Teutoburgiensis.

Varus put an end to his own life. The exact scene of this battle is disputed. In consequence of this defeat the Roman dominion was once more limited, roughly speaking, by the Rhine on the east and the Danube on the north.

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