ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Pueblo Life in the Ways of the Ancestors

Updated on January 19, 2016
Phyllis Doyle profile image

Phyllis has a strong affinity for Native American traditions, beliefs, and spirituality.

Oraibi Pueblo in 1899 ~

Old Oraibi Pueblo, 1899
Old Oraibi Pueblo, 1899 | Source

Hopi people in the Southwestern United States ~

In the Southwestern United States live the people of the Pueblos. Pueblo life has not changed much since the early history of around 1100 AD. Their traditional way of life depends on agriculture and trade.

The Hopi are one of many matrilineal societies among Native Americans. Although it is only the men who are allowed to participate in the sacred ceremonies and dances, the children belong to the clan of the mother.

The Hopi people of some of these pueblos maintain a more traditional way of life like their ancestors. They were called the "Traditionalists" during the times that led up to the Oraibi split in 1906, when some people preferred to follow the more modern way of life set by the missionaries and the government. These traditionalists desired to preserve ancestral Hopi ways and started their own village. They wanted to live their pueblo life in the ways of the Ancestors.

Life in the old way was simple yet very ritualistic. Except during times of the Feast Days and the many ceremonies of the Katsina, a typical day would be much like the story below.

Zuni women crafting pottery ~

1915 photo of Zuni women crafting pottery under a drying rack for maize and other foods. Note the horno (outdoor adobe oven) which serves a dual purpose: drying the plants and to glaze the pottery.
1915 photo of Zuni women crafting pottery under a drying rack for maize and other foods. Note the horno (outdoor adobe oven) which serves a dual purpose: drying the plants and to glaze the pottery. | Source

Short fiction - The ways of the ancestors ~

In the early morning light the women are busy at the ovens (hornos, pronounced "or-no") outside. They have been up for hours -- it is bread making day in the Pueblo.

Their soft voices and laughter are barely heard by those still sleeping in the village as they work and the dough is quickly shaped into loaves. The fires in the ovens, started hours ago, have burned down to the right temperature and the loaves are put carefully into each oven. Before long the aroma of baking bread follows the sweet smell of cedar wood smoke, drifting throughout the village.

Sleepy-eyed children begin to straggle out and are given bowls of porridge and a hunk of fresh bread. Before long the children are running around the Pueblo, playing their favorite games as Grandfather Sun begins to shed his morning light upon the village. The adobe houses turn to a rosy glow from the sun. The men and Elders awaken and are given their breakfasts by the younger daughters who are not involved in the bread making chores.

One little girl is carrying her baby brother and leading her younger sister by the hand. They are going to find their mother at the hornos where she is helping with the baking. An elderly woman, with a blanket on her shoulders sits against the adobe wall of her home, waiting for Grandfather Sun to come and caress her tired bones with healing warmth. She pauses in her basket weaving to watch the little girl. She remembered that once she carried her baby brother. Her brother had grown to become a respected and courageous warrior. He was killed in battle when he was just a young man. An unexpected tear came to the old woman's eye, travelled down her cheek and fell on her blanket, shining like a diamond as the sun found it.

The children are looking forward to the parched corn that will roast overnight in the leftover heat of the ovens. The corn cobs have been husked and dried, the kernels taken off and they are now drying in the open air. Tonight, after all the bread baking is done, the corn will be placed in the ovens and allowed to roast all night long. Tomorrow there will be parched corn to snack on!

The women themselves grind all the grain for their breads and other foods. The grain is put into a mealing trough, which is long enough to be divided into several individual sections, wide enough for one woman's rolling device to roll back and forth, until the grain is of flour consistency. This is just one of the many chores Pueblo women do on a daily basis and these tasks are the same as they have been for centuries among their people.

Clothes must be washed and hung out on lines strung across the outside of the Pueblo houses to dry in the heat from Grandfather Sun. Water must be carried up to the homes from the river far below in the canyon. The mending of old clothes and the creation of new clothes are to be looked after. The babies, well fed and now sleeping in their hammocks inside the homes are checked often to make sure all is well. Firewood must be gathered and stacked for the use of cooking the meals inside in fire pits. After the Elders are properly seen to, the women go to the fields to weed and gather any vegetables that are ready. The scritch, scritch of their tools in the dry dirt becomes a soft melody to them and they sing along as they work.

The children are running through the village, laughing and playing with dolls, or walking on stilts. Soon the younger ones will be taken in for a nap. The Elders doze in the warm sun in their favorite spots. A few of them are entertaining the children with stories of the Ancestors or tales of Brother Coyote. Some women sit in a circle and chat or sing as they weave baskets.

The hunters will be returning home late in the day, hopefully with meat for the village. The women skin the buffalo or deer, cut up the meat, feed the fire pits to begin cooking stews for their evening meal, cut some of the meat in strips to dry for storage, and then begin scraping the hides to prepare them for tanning to make clothing, moccasins, bags and robes.

This is what a typical day may have been like for the women of the Pueblos. Many other chores were included in the daily routine, like making Pemmican to store for the winter months or for journeys. From before Grandfather Sun was up till long after he completes his journey across the sky, the women work constantly. After the evening meal it is now their time to relax as they gather with their individual families.

Grandmothers and grandfathers begin the storytelling, sometimes dramatically giving life to the characters with funny or scary expressions and changes of voice. Then the softness of their voices in prayer or song sooth the sleepy children and babes as they drift off in slumber.
~ ~ ~ ~

Hopi women grinding corn ~

Grinding corn is still done in the same way as the ancestors did.
Grinding corn is still done in the same way as the ancestors did. | Source

Outdoor oven in Taos Pueblo ~

Breads and other foods are cooked in hornos (outdoor adobe ovens)
Breads and other foods are cooked in hornos (outdoor adobe ovens) | Source

Hopi Piki bread is cooked over a hot fire on a piki stone and still made the way the ancestors did ~

Includes bread recipes for outdoor ovens.

Pemmican recipe ~

Pemmican was a valuable food staple for the Puebloans. The women made it themselves when hunting had been good and meat was plentiful. Sometimes the pemmican was obtained by trade with other tribes. It is lightweight and easy to carry in packs when on long journeys, easy to cook by throwing a handful in hot water in a pot over the fire, and very nutritious. When put in water, the mixture swells to three or four times it's size. Adding fresh or dried herbs and other flavors makes a good meal for hungry travelers.

To make pemmican in the traditional way, before modern conveniences, one needs a stone maul to pound the dried buffalo meat strips into powder. It is then packed into a buffalo hide bag, and then hot liquid marrow fat, when poured in the bag seeps throughout to cover the meat in a film. The bag is then sewn shut and sealed with tallow. Preparing the mixture in this traditional way provides a nutritious snack or meal that lasts for years. Other dried food items, like berries or other flavors can be added, but it does not last as long as when it is only meat.

Pemmican ~

Pemmican is an ancient way of food preservation.
Pemmican is an ancient way of food preservation. | Source

Still farming in the old ways ~

Note from author ~

Thank you for reading my article. Your opinions are important to me and let me know your interests. This helps me to offer more of your favorite subjects to read about. Your time and interest are very much appreciated. I hope to hear from you in the comments section below.

I write on several different subjects, all evergreen articles. You can read more about me and see more articles I wrote by clicking on my name by the small picture of me at the top right of this page.

Blessings and may you always walk in peace and harmony, softly upon Mother Earth.

Phyllis Doyle Burns - Lantern Carrier, Spiritual Mentor
~ ~ ~ ~

© 2010 Phyllis Doyle Burns

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Phyllis Doyle profile imageAUTHOR

      Phyllis Doyle Burns 

      7 years ago from High desert of Nevada.

      Thank you so much, Ken, for your wonderful comments. You just added some great embellishment to my article.

      You also made me want to run to the kitchen, fix my oatmeal and some warm bread with strawberry jam. Awesome!

      I am glad you enjoyed the hub. I have great respect and admiration for the Hopi people and their way of life.

    • saddlerider1 profile image

      saddlerider1 

      7 years ago

      What a wonderful documentary on the Hopi peoples. They had a simple life and knew how to provide for themselves and their families. No need for modern appliances they had their own ways of making items that would shelter and feed them.

      I loved the outdoor ovens and the bread making, little children waking up and coming out for their porridge and freshly baked bread, how delicious that would have been.

      I love oatmeal in the morning with some fresh baked bread. The recipe is very close to how we make our bread at home here. So tasty it is and lovely when toasted in the morning with fresh strawberry jam over top.

      What a nice way to live off the land and with your hands, not being stressed out with city life, bills, pollution, synthetic foods made by huge corporations like Monsanto who are killing us all slowly with injected chemicals in seeds.

      I love this piece Phyllis, you presented the Hopi life style very well, very descriptive and interesting.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)