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Quantum Mechanics: Madness that Destroys All the Bases of Classical Physics

Updated on May 30, 2019

Introduction

Our appointment with the quantum theory that takes us and plunges us into a micro world of the smallest things around us, into an invisible world, into the world of atoms, a world like a black hole where physical concepts have become universally accepted and agreed upon scientifically, globally and ever since ancient times.

To read this article and understand what it contains, you must realize that you are not literally in the real world. Put all scientific and physical concepts aside, then go with your mind and imagination to this tiny world, and prepare for the strangest thing in physics around us.

Quantum Meaning: A physical term used to describe the smallest amount of energy, which can be exchanged between particles, molecules or electrons, and that emits intermittently.

Copenhagen interpretation: The Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics as a theory describes a small world and depends on monitoring and measurement that affect the behavior of the quantum system, not reality, and cause what is known as the "collapse of the wave function."

History of quantitative theory

Beginning in the early 20th century, when scientists observed the behavior of light after heating gas in a glass tube, a group of physicists tried to explain this question:

"Why is the light from the gas and the penetrator prism - a glass circular - giving true straight lines, not dim and diffused spectra?"

The first physicist, Niels Bohr, was the first to speculate that the only explanation lay in the heart of the matter, that is, in the composition of the atom itself. His proposal to install the atom was that it was very much like the planets in the solar system. In the sense that the atom consists of a nucleus revolving around negative electrons, such as the rotation of planets around the sun, but those electrons are not fixed in major orbits but can jump, or move from one orbit to another.

In the case of heating or exposure of the atom to the temperature of these electrons become catalysts and jump from orbit to another orbit around the nucleus, and with each hop of the orbit produce electrons energy, this energy emitted in the form of light with specific longitudinal waves according to the proximity of the electron or beyond the nucleus, This jump state of the electron is called the quantum jump.

Info: Each electron has a small, specific, indivisible energy. This energy makes it occupy certain orbits, not all the orbits of an atom that an electron can jump into. The energy that governs electron behavior is called quantum energy.

Double-slit experiment

The experiment simply is to imagine if there are two metals, one two-fold and the other solid, put in parallel to each other, and the electrons are passed from a source through the cracks in the first panel, on the other solid panel, the electrons are supposed to fall on the board in front of the two parts only, but what was observed Is that electrons are distributed on the solid plate in the right columns on the entire board, not just in the two parts.

In Quantum Mechanics particles - light - are waves

The first concept on which quantum mechanics depends is that the particles in the quantum world are waves. In the Double-slit experiment, the only explanation for the behavior of electrons is the wave behavior consisting of peaks and bottoms. When two waves pass through two sides, they cross to the other side, their peaks and bottoms; they would be a larger wave or cancel each other.

This process is called the "interstitial pattern" of the waves. If the Double-slit experiment was conducted through a wave source, the results would be the appearance of parallel columns on the solid board. Here the results of the double electron Double-slit experiment showed that the particles - the electrons - in the quantum world behave like a wave if they are waves.

Max Born's proposal

Max Bourne, who suggested that the wave remains a wave not an electron and nothing but a wave, is a potential wave in the quantum world; that is, the wave size at any site predicts the probability of the electron being present. If the potential wave size is large, the electron is located far away from the location where it is supposed to be, so the electron exists in several places here or there, not in a particular area.

All this makes sense, considering that everything that's going on is happening in the world of probabilities!

Einstein and Quantum Theory

Einstein did not like on the idea of those possibilities and the behavior of the electron in the quantitative world, he always believed in facts rather than probabilities, and said quote in this regard:

I like to think that the moon exists even when I don't look at it!

His famous sentence when arguing with Niels Bohr said, "God doesn't play dice."

A sign of him that nothing happens like this absurd. Our results are based on the odds, or something in our world like atoms occurs in a world ruled by probabilities.

Links between molecules in quantitative theory

The second concept on which quantum mechanics depends is that there are no links between discrete particles, but physicists are convinced that it is also absurd and insane to believe in a quantitative theory that includes links to molecules in their usual sense.

The assumption by Niels Bohr of the association in molecules

Molecules are an association when two molecules are close to each other and their properties become connected, and in quantum mechanics if we separate any two interconnected molecules, and they are in two distant opposite places, their properties will still be interconnected, and even if the characteristics of a molecule are measured, the other is affected by what happens For the first one.

The electron wrap in the electrons can explain this: The simple winding is simply the movement of the electron around itself in two directions together, one with the clock, the other counterclockwise at great speed, as well as the characteristics of the electrons generally blurry and uncertain, even the moment we measure.

If we were to measure the characteristics of rotation, for example, for the first electron or molecule, we would find the other to change and be influenced by the first molecule at the moment when the first is at our disposal.

Einstein's assumption of association in molecules

Einstein thought in 1953 that this interpretation is a very strange explanation, but this correlation between molecules is possible if we consider that the molecules are not interconnected by strange bonds as "Bor" said at long distances, but the same molecules are very much like a pair of gloves.

Einstein assumed two gloves because they were of one type but he had two directions left and right, like the clock movement and the inverse of the electron. If we put the gloves in two separate cans and we removed them from each other in two different places, and we looked inside one of the cans to see which side is present – right or left – there will be two or three possibilities for them.

If we find in the first box the right side of the glove, we can tell the other side that it is obvious that it is the right side. Here we did not influence one to change the other, but they were predetermined when we separated them from each other. So if the particles are placed in the image of two gloves, the characteristics are predetermined before they are separated.

So, which one is right? Einstein, who assumes that the molecules are defining their properties before the novels, or Bor, which supposedly the molecules are interconnected even if they are separated?

Answer: No one knows. No one was able to predict the veracity of any of them, and it was all a philosophy, not a science. Einstein died in 1955; he still believes that quantum mechanics was presented at its best; an incomplete picture of reality.

John Clauser in 1967

John was a student of studies seeking a doctorate in astrophysics, but quantum mechanics stood in his way, where his grades were low. He decided to look into quantum mechanics and discovered that one of them, John Bell, is a little-known Irish physicist, could solve the dilemma between Einstein and Bor in a vague search paper.

Bell concluded in his paper that if there were no strange communication between the distant particles as Bor showed, quantum mechanics would be wrong. Therefore, Quantum Mechanics must be built to resolve this controversy between Einstein and Bor, so that the machine manufactures and compares many interconnected molecules.


Clauzer began to build a machine whose mission was to measure thousands of interconnected molecules, comparing them in many different directions, and the results were surprising and unpleasant, and Clauzer repeated the experiment several times but to no avail; In this experiment, the French physicist "SB" tested the essence of the controversy between Einstein and Bor.

The test was to measure one of the molecules that in turn affect the other, by sending a signal faster than the speed of light between them, a hypothesis – signal transmission – Einstein has already shown the possibility of achieving it. The interpretation of the alien movement between these two molecules has now remained.

The results of the experiment proved that quantum mechanics calculations are correct, in addition, that the bond already exists in the molecules in the quantitative world without taking into account the distance between them as if they do not exist at all. That is, Einstein was wrong when he canceled the hypothesis that there is a strange movement between the molecules that bind them together. This is an unprecedented shock, and the world's most famous physicists say in that regard:

That no one can ask why there is an association, and the interrelated actions between separate particles separated by distant distances, and that distance is not present? This is a question that has no answer.

Here, the quantitative theory eliminated the concept and hypothesis of the absence of an association between interconnected molecules and proved that there was already a bond between the molecules even if one was on the moon, the other on Earth.

Schrodinger's Cat

One of the most unimagined experiments in quantum physics is that experience. Developed by Schrodinger to find a different interpretation of how you interpret Copenhagen. But it's simply an imaginary experience for a cat placed in a box. The cat has a bottle containing radioactive material, a Geiger counter that measures radiation only from atoms, a lethal hydrocyanic acid, and a hammer-related meter.

When the radioactive material begins to decompose, the Geiger counter counts, and when the radioactive material dissolves within an hour as specified, the hammer connected to the meter breaks the bottle containing the lethal acid.

Experience, in our real world, the cat is supposed to die with acid immediately. But we are in quantum mechanics, and because we are in the world of probabilities, there are two possibilities:

Either the cat is dead, or the other possibility that the cat is still alive, any results inside the box depend on monitoring, but behind that box the cat – according to quantum mechanics – in an overlapping state, fluctuating between life and death.!

The overlap between reality and Quantum made the cat in that imaginary experiment between two worlds fluctuate molecules, but its inevitable fate depended on monitoring its condition, and if the cat was spotted, the other possibility would be eliminated.

To understand quantum theory more broadly, see this documentary video.

What is the most acceptable theory in your opinion?

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© 2019 Ameen Selegi

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