ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The greatness of Mughal queens Razia sultan and Nur Jahan

Updated on March 25, 2016

The ruling of Mughal Queens


Monarchy is the oldest and, in the past, was the most common form of government. A monarch is the King or the Queen who is all powerful. This form of government is hereditary, which means that the son or daughter inherits the throne of the King or Queen, after his / her retirement or death. The monarchs have ministers who advise them on all issues, but the advice of the ministers may or not be followed. This shows that the will of king or the queen is all powerful.

Razia Sultan

Source

The ruling of Queen Razia Sultan

Aibak had been a slave before he became a sultan. So were some of his successor like Iltutmish or Balban. Therefore, the series of sultans from the time of Aibak to the establishment of the Khilji dynasty have been described as the `Slave Dynasty'. They are also known as `Mamluk Sultans'. Aibak (1206 – 1210), the first of those early rulers, consolidated his position by crushing rebellion by other Turkish chiefs and by securing his western border. After his death, one Iltutmish (1210 – 1236) another slave who had risen to the position of Governor of Badaun, usurped the throne from Aibak's son. He crushed other Turkish nobles and chiefs who had challenged his position, forced the rebellious Rajput rulers to submit to him and successfully resisted Turkish and Mongol invasions from the north – west. His empire extended from western Punjab to Bengal. Having consolidated his position, he made the administration of the empire more systematic. The empire was divided into provinces known as as. The governors Iqtas known as `Sardars' exercised civil as well as military powers. Iltutmish has been described as the real founder of the Sultanate of Delhi.


The Queen Razia was a daughter of Iltutmish

Razia (1236 – 1240), a daughter of Iltutmish was made Sultan by the Turkish nobles and army officers of Delhi who supported her in usurping the throne from her brother Ruknuddin, the immediate successor of Iltutmish. She was a capable ruler but was killed in 1240 by jealous Turkish nobles who did not like being ruled by a woman.

The death of Razia Sultan was followed by a period of disorder and confusion. Two of her brother were placed on the throne by the nobles and then killed. This was the period when forty families of Turkish nobles that were known as `The Forty' became all powerful and started choosing the Sultan. The confusion became worse because the forty weren't always united even among themselves.

Queen Nur Jahan

Source

Mughal king Jahanjir

Source

The great Mughal queen Nur Jahan

Queen Nur Jahan was the great and the brave queen of Mughal. She was very beautiful lady. She was clever.

On the death of Akbar in 1605, Jahangir (known as prince Salim before ascending the throne) became the next ruler. He was an ease loving person addicted to drinking and opium. He was able suppress the rebellion in Bengal but failed to subdue the kingdom of Ahmednagar because Malik Amber, the Abyssinian general of the Ahmednagar army, successfully used guerrilla tactics to frustrate the Mughal army Jahangir's only conquest was that of Kangra in Himachal Pradesh.


Influence of Nur Jahan

Nur Jahan, one of the wives of Jahangir, was the only Mughal queen who came to exercise extraordinary power in the affairs of the state. She was the daughter of Itimad Ud Daulah, a Persian noble in the Mughal court, and her name was Mehrunnisa. Jahangir married her in 1611, gave her the title `Nur Jahan' and made her his chief queen. Taking advantage of the emperor's ease loving nature, she gradually took the reins of the government in her own hands. She, her father Itmad Ud Daula and her brother Asaf Khan formed a clique which was also joined by prince Khurram (later known as Shah Jahan). They dominated the Mughal court and that led to the formation of another faction in the court which was opposed to her. Later, she tried to promote Shaharyar, another son of Jahangir, as the successor to throne. Khurram then turned against Nur Jahan and even revolted against Jahangir but was unsuccessful. After Jahangir's death in 1627, Nur Jahan lost all influence and spent her last days in Lahore.

Prince Khurram captured the Mughal throne with the help of his supporters in the Mughal court soon after his father's death. He installed himself as the new emperor with the name of Shah Jahan.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • 10000001 profile imageAUTHOR

      madugundu krishna 

      3 years ago from Yemmiganur

      Sir, thanks for reading and commenting

    • Venkatachari M profile image

      Venkatachari M 

      3 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      A good narration of the events taken place during Nur Jahan's power.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)