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Queen Victoria's Children

Updated on August 28, 2014
Queen Victoria, Prince Albert & five of their children in 1846 - available as a print
Queen Victoria, Prince Albert & five of their children in 1846 - available as a print | Source

Queen Victoria – Europe’s Grandmother?

Is Queen Victoria really the Grandmother of Europe? Isabella of Castille may want to lay claim to that title for herself!

Queen Victoria was certainly a very fertile Queen having 9 children - 5 daughters and 4 sons. Not only was Victoria a Queen she was also an Empress this meant that her children were always going to make good, political marriages.

Combine Queen Victoria’s fertility with her position and the prestige associated with her it is hardly surprising that her grandchildren have infiltrated so many royal and power houses around the world.

Queen Victoria’s husband Albert wanted to make sure that their children made good political marriages in order to keep peace in Europe…….he couldn’t have anticipated the World Wars that were to tear peace in Europe apart not once, but twice.

Victoria and Albert’s children were –

  • Victoria
  • Edward
  • Alice
  • Alfred
  • Helena
  • Louise
  • Arthur
  • Leopold
  • Beatrice


Princess Victoria, German Empress
Princess Victoria, German Empress

Queen Victoria's Eldest Child

Princess Victoria, the Princess Royal was Victoria and Albert’s eldest child. She married the German Emperor Frederick III and had 8 children.

William who would become William II, German Emperor and marry Princess Augusta Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein to have a total of 7 children.

Charlotte who married Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and had one child.

Henry who married Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine and had 3 children.

Sigismund who left no issue.

Viktoria who despite marrying twice, first to Prince Adolf of Schaumberg-Lippe and then to Alexander Zoubkoff, had no children

Waldemar who died aged only 11.

Sophie who married Constantine I of Greece and had 6 children.

Margaret who married Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse-Kassel and had six children.


Edward VII
Edward VII

Queen Victoria's Eldest Son

The eldest son of Victoria and Albert was Prince of Wales and would become King after the death of his mother. Edward was married to Alexandra of Denmark this was seen as a risky political move at the time as Denmark and Germany were at loggerheads over some territories. (Victoria’s family being of German descent). Together Edward and Alexandra had 6 children.

Albert – Edward’s eldest son Albert died in the influenza epidemic before marrying and having any children.

George was to become King after his father’s death and he married Mary of Teck (who had been engaged to his eldest brother Albert when he died), together they had 6 children.

Louise was the eldest daughter and married Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife, together they had 3 children.

Victoria – Princess Victoria never married.

Maud married Prince Carl of Denmark and when Norway broke away from Sweden the Norwegian crown was offered to Carl making Maud Queen of Norway. They had one child.

Alexander– Edward and Alexandra’s youngest son only lived for one day as a result of being born prematurely.


Princess Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine
Princess Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine

Alice married Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and had a total of 7 children.

Victoria married Prince Louis of Battenberg and had 4 children one of whom would become the mother of Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and the current Queen Elizabeth II’s husband.

Elizabeth had a number of suitors, but refused all of them before falling in love and marrying the Grand Duke Sergei Alexanrovitch of Russia. They had no children and after his assassination Elizabeth became a nun.

Irene married Prince Heinrich of Prussia and had 3 children.

Ernest married twice, the first time to Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha with whom he had two children (one was stillborn). Ernest’s second marriage was to Princess Eleonore of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich with whom he also had 2 children.

Friedrich died at age 2.

Alexandra married Nicholas II of Russia and is most famous for being the last Tsarina of Russia. She had 5 children.

Marie died at the age of 4.


Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha | Source

Alfred married the Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia and had five children. Upon the death of his Uncle Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha he took over the duchy.

Alfred died age 24 with no children.

Marie married Ferdinand of Romania and had a total of 6 children.

Victoria was married twice, first to Ernest, Duke of Hesse with whom she had one child and created a scandal by divorcing. Her second marriage was to Grand Duke Cyril of Russia with whom she had 3 children.

Alexandra married Ernst II, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and had 5 children.

Beatrice married Infante Alfonso, Duke of Galliera and they had 3 children together.


Princess Helena
Princess Helena

Helena married Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein and despite opposition from her sister-in-law Alexandra Helena and Christian were reported to have had a very happy marriage. They had a total of 5 children.

Christian rumored to be Queen Victoria’s favorite grandson Christian died unmarried and with no children.

Albert despite never marrying Albert had a daughter who he recognized shortly before his death.

Helena never married and had no children instead devoting herself to charity work.

Marie married Prince Aribert of Anhalt in what was said to be an unhappy marriage – they had no children.

Harold died as a baby.


Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll
Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll

Louise married John Campbell who would become the 9th Duke of Argyll. The two were to remain childless however which resulted in them growing apart.


Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught
Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught

Arthur married Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia and together they had 3 children. Arthur would also serve as Governor-General of Canada.

Margaret married Gustaf, Crown Prince of Sweden and had 5 children. She died while pregnant with her 6th child.

Arthur married Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife and together they had 1 child.

Patricia married Sir Alexander Ramsay and had 1 child.


Prince Leopold
Prince Leopold

Leopold had problems finding a wife because he had been a sickly child suffering from haemophilia and (possibly) epilepsy. He finally married Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont and had a brief, but happy marriage which resulted in two children although he died before his son was born.

Alice married Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone and together they had 3 children.

Charles married Princess Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein and had 5 children.


Princess Beatrice of Battenberg
Princess Beatrice of Battenberg

Victoria was opposed to many of Beatrice’s suitors, but she was finally persuaded to agree to a marriage between Beatrice and Prince Henry of Battenburg with the proviso that they make their home with her. Beatrice and Henry had 4 children.

Alexander married Lady Irene Denison and they had one child.

Victoria married Alfonso XIII of Spain and had 6 children.

Leopold was a haemophiliac and died following a knee operation never having married or had children.

Maurice died aged 23 with now wife or children.

More Reading on Queen Victoria's Children and Grandchildren

Victoria's Daughters
Victoria's Daughters
It's interesting to read about Victoria's five daughters as they grew up with a mother who ruled over a quarter of the earth's population at the time. That definitely takes some measuring up to!
Queen Victoria's Grandchildren
Queen Victoria's Grandchildren
As you can see from this page, Queen Victoria had plenty of grandchildren as well and all bar two who died as babies are featured in this book. Not a book designed to give a lot of historical insight, it is very nice as a photographic illustration of the family and features a lot of rare photographs of each of Victoria's grandchildren.


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    • jeremytorres profile image


      8 years ago

      Great to know the Royal family in Europe.Thanks for sharing their information.

    • lou16 profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago

      Yes it's quite interesting how many inter-marriages occurred between her descendants.

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      i'm really intersted in how queen victorias granddoughter is prince philps mother

    • GarnetBird profile image

      Gloria Siess 

      10 years ago from Wrightwood, California

      I am very interested in History, esp. royal history. This is a lovely Hub-Hope to read more of your work.

    • lou16 profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago

      I haven't read that book, I must check it out it sounds like my kind of book.

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      Queen Victoria certainly had a great number of descendants, I'm not that familiar with Isabella. Perhaps Queen Victoria is seen the the "Grandmother of Europe" partly because of the number of her descendants, partly because her reign lasted so long and finally because the British Empire was the superpower of the day.

      Have you read "Dreadnought" by Robert K. Massie? Massie draws a fascinating picture of Europe in the decades leading up to World War I, spending quite a bit of time on Victoria and her progeny.


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