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Easy Steps for Teaching Telling Times
You will need an analog clock for this lesson.
Minute hand - long hand (60 minutes in an hour)
Hour hand - short hand (12 hours in a.m., 12 hours in p.m)
A.M. - 12:00a.m. (midnight) – 11:59a.m. (just before noon)
P.M. - 12:00p.m. (noon) – 11:59p.m. (just before midnight)
Half - 2 equal parts
STEP 1: Review the above vocabulary to make sure students understand the concept of time. Be patient with students because time is so abstract and can be difficult for students to grasp. Have students count by 5 to model the 60 minutes.
STEP 2: Using a clock, draw or tape a vertical line starting at the number 12 and continuing to the number 6 to model halves.
STEP 3: Show students how the minutes on the right side of the vertical line are read as after and the minutes on the left side of the vertical line are read as before or til.
1 and 11 represent 5 minutes (after and before)
2 and 10 represent 10 minutes (after and before)
3 and 9 represent 15 minutes (after and before)
4 and 8 represent 20 minutes (after and before)
5 and 7 represent 25 minutes (after and before)
STEP 4: Help students to realize that when the minute hand is on the 12, we say o’clock; and when it’s on the 6, we say 30.
STEP 5: Use the vocabulary to model the 12 a.m. and p.m. hours on the clock.
PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
- See how many students are able to equate 60 minutes to an hour.
- See how many students are able to distinguish between events that occur during the a.m. hours and those that occur during p.m.
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