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Rare Animals: Top 10 Rarest Birds in the World

Updated on June 19, 2011

Below are some of the rarest, and therefore endangered, bird species in the world.

Asian Crested Ibis

The Asian crested ibis (Nipponia nippon) originally nested in eastern Russia Japan and China but, presently, the only known remaining population of the species could be found in mainland China's Shaanxi Province. In 2006, the number of the species on record is around 500. The Asian crested ibis' favored habitat is in areas where there are trees where they can roost and nest and wetlands where they can feed.

Brazilian Merganser

Belonging to the merganser duck family, the Brazilian merganser (Mergus octosetaceus) is considered to be one of the most threatened waterfowl in the world with only 250 individuals left. The last confirmed locations of the duck/bird are Brazil and some parts of Argentina.

Christmas Island Frigatebird

The Christmas Island frigatebird (Fregata andrewsi) bird species is endemic to the Christmas Island in Australia. In 2003, the population for the seabird is pegged at 2,000-4,000 mature individuals. They nest in tall forest trees.

Forest Owlet

Endemic to India, the forest owlet (Athene blewitti) was considered extinct until it was rediscovered in 1997. Although the species has been spotted in various forests in India since its rediscovery, it still remains in the Critically Endangered list with less than 250 individuals on record.

Great Indian Bustard

A large bird with similarities to the ostrich in appearance, the great Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) is a bustard found in India and some regions of Pakistan. The species' natural habitat are open countries and semi-arid grasslands. As of 2008, there are at least 1,000 individuals left of the species.

Honduran Emerald

Due to extreme habitat loss, the population of the Honduran rmerald (Amazilia luciae) is pegged at somewhere between 250 and 1,000 individuals. Presently, the species from the hummingbird family is located at three sites in northeast Honduras.


The kakapo's (Strigops habroptila) name is derived from the Maori word for night parrot. This flightless nocturnal bird is endemic to New Zealand and as of 2010, there are only at least 130 individuals believed to be alive. The bird has a special place in Maori tradition and folklore.

Marvellous Spatuletail

Belonging to the hummingbird family, the marvellous spatuletail is made (Loddigesia mirabilis) unique by two outer tail feathers in the male of the species that end in discs or "spatules". Endemic to the forests of Peru, the current population of the species is somewhere between 250 to 1,000 individuals.


Presently, the Critically Endangered palila (Loxioides bailleui) can only be found in Hawaii, particularly on the slopes of Mauna Kea. This species of the Hawaiian honeycreepers is believed to total, at the most, 4,400 individuals.

Scaly-Sided Merganser

The scaly-sided merganser (Mergus squamatus) can be found in various parts of Asia (including Russia) but majority of the species occurs in China. With the entire population estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals, this species is listed as Endangered.


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      Arthur Busan 20 months ago

      The information regarding the 10 rarest birds is not correct. Although the birds shown are indeed very rare but the list is incorrect, certainly as of 2016.

    • profile image

      sarvesh mishra 2 years ago

      RARER BIRDS ALIVE IN WORLD Bird is the most beautiful creation by god

    • profile image

      Greatmen 2 years ago


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      leah 2 years ago

      Poor birds hope they don't become extinct but it is probably humans fault if humans didn't excist their would be no endangered species unless one ate another

    • profile image

      kamil arafa 4 years ago


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      Trina ghosh 4 years ago

      Inspiring information and beautiful birds

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      mrunal 4 years ago

      yeahn it is gud but there should be more birds pic nd information

    • profile image

      sunaina 4 years ago

      you r in which class sandhana

      even its helpful for my project also nice site

      1 thumbs up from me

    • profile image

      sandhana krishnan 4 years ago

      your website is so helpful for my project

    • Neinahpets profile image

      Stephanie 5 years ago from Canada

      Such beautiful birds! Thank you for sharing such an informative hub with us! Voted up!

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      Sean 5 years ago

      What about the flightless cormorant?

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      Musa Wamala Blair 5 years ago

      Thank you a lot for this collection. It is so beautiful to see this kind of animals from my living room. The challenge is to make sure that they are not killed by ignorant people to extinction.

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      Gabriela 5 years ago

      Hello, I am a research assistant and I would like to talk to you about the image of Palila in this article - do you own or know who own the photograph? Any help would be appreciated, please contact me on boa10gkh @ Thank you.

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      snehariya 5 years ago


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      saya 5 years ago

      This helped me a lot!!! Thanks for doing this and i hope these do not go in extinct list.

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      Vishwas 5 years ago

      "marvellous spatuletail" Is Amezing.

      Gj HUB. Thanks For Shareing

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      Saba Alemayehu 5 years ago

      These are most beautiful animals that we love and respect. We hope and pray that the entire human race repents now and go Christian Vegan to honor the Holy Trinity in all that lives. The Christian Vegan way of life is mandatory for the entire human race, but it is not optional to any one of us. Plz read: The Lord Christ Jesus Was A Vegan and The Christian Vegan Revised Pslms by Saba. We all need to be Christ Jesus like in order to help these friendly animals to live on earth in a safe way possible. God be the King of the whole universe forever and ever. Amen.

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      Vimal Thapa 6 years ago


    • John McNamara profile image

      John McNamara 6 years ago from The Blue Planet

      alocsin - Thanks!

    • John McNamara profile image

      John McNamara 6 years ago from The Blue Planet

      rayhanwm - thanks for dropping by.

    • John McNamara profile image

      John McNamara 6 years ago from The Blue Planet

      Peggy W - thanks for reading and leaving a comment.

    • alocsin profile image

      alocsin 6 years ago from Orange County, CA

      I hope these don't go extinct. I particularly like the Spatuletail. Voting this Up and Awesome.

    • rayhanwm profile image

      rayhanwm 6 years ago from Dhaka, Bangladesh

      Awesome, I love wild birds...

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 6 years ago from Houston, Texas

      Wow! There are some beautiful and unusual birds on this list of endangered and rare animals list. Hopefully they will all survive. Thanks for this informative hub. Useful and beautiful ratings!