ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Reading Readiness for Preschool Children

Updated on August 5, 2008

Reading readiness for children does not mean teaching them the alphabet.

There are a variety of skills that are needed for a child to read successfully and many of them have nothing to do with reading itself.

A child that has a hard time seeing differences in various concrete objects will have a hard time seeing differences in letters themselves.

It makes more sense to work on these issues that are prerequisites to reading before exposing them to the letters of the alphabet themselves.

In this hub I will explain some of the basic skills that children need to be successful readers and in future hubs I will give you more concrete ideas on what to do to enhance many of those needed skills.

Motor Control and Coordination:

Children need to get their fine motor and their gross (or large) motor coordination up to par. Fine motor is usually much more connected to reading and writing than large motor, as a child with poor motor coordination will have a very hard time holding a pencil correctly and even following the words on the page.Large motor skills is also very important.

The occupational therapists today talk about how common it is to have children that are having difficulties with their coordination and so much can be done with this in the reading readiness sphere.

Auditory Discrimination:

If a child can not tell the difference between the sound of a b or a p he will have a hard time when learning to distinguish these letters when reading.

Detecting differences in sound of words:

Children need to be able to discern the differences between words like feathers and sweaters or children and chickens.If there is an awareness that children often get these mixed up then we can work on these skills in a natural setting.

Detecting words that begin with the same consonants

Like little Lucy Locket or Baa Baa Black or Jack and Jill

This type of words are called alliteration and kids have fun thinking of words that have the same consonant.

Hearing first sounds in words

If the kids can relate actual objects to the first sound it makes than that will make reading more concrete for them

Following directions

Even though there are many activities during the day that help children learn to follow directions you can get a free report on a great crafts activity called tray painting that gives a great art activity along with being an excellent direction following activity.

Visual Discrimination

Kids need to be able to see the differences in objects to be able to discern differences in letters.

Recognizing shapes and sizes

Always best to do this during and throughout the day as opposed to making a unit out if. Shapes and sizes are all around us and we can find them all.

Attention span/ visual activities games

Even though attention span usually increases with age, the less T.V. kids watch will certainly help their attention span better.

Left to Right progression

Unless your child is learning Chinese or Hebrew, the alphabet reads from left to right and kids often mix this up in the beginning. It is very normal and there is no reason to panic if the child is writing her name left to right. Various exercises help with this orientation.

Seeing Relationships and Seeing Likenesses and differences

Helps them even more when actually learning the letters and sounds that go together.

Exposure to Reading and the written word

It is very important to write alot with children in clear legible manuscript . You can write many things the children tell you. Their names, stories, store lists etc. Children learn that reading is talk written down and the more exposure to the written word the more they want to read it on their own.

If you are a teacher or a parent of preschoolers you may want to check out my blog Preschool Musings. It is a new blog for teachers and homeschoolers of preschoolers that gives lots of preschool curriculum ideas.

Some of the ideas may only work in the classroom but there are and will be many more ideas for the homeschooling parents of the preschooler and even moms that just want to learn about activities for after school.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Meeghan Mousaw 

      5 years ago

      Thanks! There is a great (free) reading readiness test I found on this website:

    • faigekobre profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from NY

      You should probably be reading to him on a daily basis. There is nothing that builds vocabulary better and faster than good childrens literature. The alphabet will come in time.

    • wannabwestern profile image

      Carolyn Augustine 

      10 years ago from Iowa

      I recently discovered the songs of Hap Palmer--I'm using them with my speech delayed son. He can recognize most of the letters at age 27 months but we are still working on helping him build his vocabulary and several of the other areas, too. Learning his alphabet has given him greater confidence, though, and is encouraging him to try talking and using words instead of gestures. This is another excellent, well-informed hub.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)