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Real-Life Use of Periodic Table Elements

Updated on December 9, 2019
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It is based on periodic table, generally used in Science and Engineering.

How periodic table function in real life?

The periodic table is the most important concept for science and engineering students. It can be found anywhere as they can create anything. The understanding periodic table is significant but it does not define the usability, appearance, and usefulness of the elements.

There are 118 elements in the table and all of them are arranged by the atomic number. Each of them has its own name, atomic number, symbol and color. The color each element comprises mainly defines their belongingness towards the major property group. Under given are some elements along with their purpose of use.

1. Hydrogen (H)

It is the lightest element with an atomic weight of 1.008. In the entire universe, it makes about 90% of atoms. It can be used as both liquid and gas fuel. In addition, most of the petroleum and manufacturing industry uses atoms like hydrogen.

2. Helium (He)

Helium is the second lightest element with an atomic weight of 4.002602(2). It is an inert gas that can be used in weather and party balloons. The wide recreational usage keeps natural resources at risk of being depleted by the end of the next decade.

3. Lithium (Li)

Lithium is the lightest metal with an atomic weight of 6.94. It is soft and reactive. In most of the cases, it is used in batteries and Aluminum alloys. It can make cookware durable.

4. Beryllium (Be)

It is a lightweight metal of 9.012183(5). Most commonly, it is used as an alloying agent for cooper. The combination of resultant metal and beryllium copper is used for springs and a variety of electrical applications. It is mostly used in the aerospace industry.

5. Boron (B)

It is a hard black solid with an atomic weight of 10.81. Boron is mainly used in pyrotechnics. It shows a green color in their flame. It is commonly used in borax and Boric acid.

6. Carbon (C)

It contains different parts like soft graphite and hard diamond. It has an atomic weight of 12.011. Carbon is the foundation of natural organic fuels like natural gas, coal, and oil. Graphite is a strong molecular form of carbon that is used for crucibles, pencils, and electrodes.

7. Nitrogen (N)

Nitrogen is a colorless gas with an atomic weight of 14.007. It is important to the chemical industry. In other words, it is an important nutrient in fertilizers and key components in Nitric acid, explosive materials, and nylon.

8. Oxygen (O)

This colorless gas has an atomic weight of 15.999. For human survival, it is an essential component. It helps people to treat breathing problems and make spacecraft liveable.

9. Fluorine(Fl)

The yellowish poison gas is the most reactive element comprised of 18.998403163(6) atomic weight. It is additive to drinking water. Fluorine can dissolve glass and is used mainly as an etching compound.

10. Neon (Ne)

Neon is an inert gas with an atomic weight of 20.1797(6). In the entire universe, it is the 4th most abundant element. It is mostly used in advertising signs.

11. Sodium (Na)

The reactive soft metal has an atomic weight of 22.98976928(2). Sodium produces yellow lights in streetlights. It is also used in many compounds like borax, table salt, baking soda, and soda ash.

12. Magnesium (Mg)

It is a lightweight metal with an atomic weight of 24.305. It is mostly used in medicine as Epsom salts, chloride, milk of magnesia, and Citrate.

13. Aluminum (Al)

It is a non-corroding metal with an atomic weight of 26.9815385. It is a malleable and soft metal that can be used in utensils, cans and fouls, automotive parts, and other structural applications.

14. Silicon (Si)

It is a hard metalloid with an atomic weight of 28.085. Silicon is used in the semiconductor industry.

15. Phosphorus (P)

A glowing white waxy solid element has an atomic weight of 30.973761998(5). It is the main nutrient for organic life through phosphate compounds. Phosphorous is also used in explosives and pyrotechnics.

16. Sulphur (S)

It is a brittle yellow solid with an atomic weight of 32.06. It is mainly used in gunpowder, rubber manufacturing, and an insecticide. Sulfur can treat skin diseases.

17. Chlorine (Cl)

The greenish poison gas has an atomic weight of 35.45. It is used in the water treatment process. A large amount of chlorine is used during the production of plastics, papers, textiles, solvents, etc.

18. Argon (Ar)

Argon is an inert gas with an atomic weight of 39.948(1). It is used in fluorescent and incandescent bulbs to keep oxygen from corroding. Argon is mainly used as a protective shield in arc welding and semiconductor crystals.

There are many other important elements in the periodic table. It includes Potassium, Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Nickel, Copper, Zinc, Gallium, Germanium, Iron, Cobalt, Arsenic, Selenium, Bromine, Krypton, Strontium, Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Calcium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, Cadmium, Indium, Tin, Antimony, Tellurium, Iodine, Xenon, Caesium, Lanthanum, Cerium, Praseodymium, Neodymium, Promethium, Samarium, Europium, Barium, Dysprosium, Holmium, Erbium, Thulium, Ytterbium, Lutetium, Hafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Gold, Mercury, Thallium, Lead, Bismuth, Polonium, Astatine, Radon, Francium, Radium, Actinium, Rubidium, Thorium, Protactinium, Uranium, Neptunium, Plutonium, Curium, Berkelium, Californium, Einsteinium, Fermium, Mendelevium, Nobelium, Rhenium, Lawrencium, Rutherfordium, Dubnium, Gadolinium, Terbium, Seaborgium, Bohrium, Hassium, Americium, Meitnerium, Darmstadtium, Roentgenium, Copernicium, Nihonium, Flerovium, Moscovium, Livermorium, Tennessine, Oganesson.

Source

Engineering Periodic Table

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2019 sanjayarya

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