ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Reworking Land and Man - A Reasearch Endeavor

Updated on May 19, 2014

The Title Inspiration

Those that have read some of my other hubs know my love for the band RUSH. This essay was inspired by RUSH's song "Closer to the Heart" on their fifth album A Farewell to Kings.


The earth is a gigantic web of interconnected life. Every ecosystem, species, and individual depends on another, sometimes completely different, aspect of life to survive. Humans, thought to be the most exceptionally evolved organisms, have defied these concepts of natural selection and ravaged the earth for progress sake without paying more than a glance at what we may have brought upon the future. A famous biologist, Jonas Stalk, stated, “If all insects on Earth disappeared, within 50 years all life on Earth would end. If all human beings disappeared from the Earth, within 50 years all forms of life would flourish” ( What we don’t realize is that the future is already here. The earth will survive us, but we are ruining our chances of surviving it. We are killing ourselves with the foods we eat, the company we keep, and the stress we place on ourselves. People and nature have renounced their ties and suddenly, all the sociological classes are piled high in cities, living on top of each other yet never truly interacting. The picture is comparable to a parable in the book of Luke, “19There was a rich man who was dressed in purple and fine linen and lived in luxury every day. 20 At his gate was laid a beggar named Lazarus, covered with sores 21 and longing to eat what fell from the rich man’s table” (New International Version, 16:19-21 ). In America, people are suffering because of the demands of a corrupt society. According to the United States Census in 2012, 46.5 million Americans were considered “in poverty” (, figure 4). That is about 15% of the population. To maintain the resources needed to stay alive, people in poverty come together to form cluster households, and fictive kin. It turns out, people subconsciously search for unity in their efforts to survive, therefore embracing an instinctual need for interconnectivity. So, if struggling to keep up with the infinitely well off classes isn’t working to get individuals out of poverty, what will? In Europe, a concept of communal living is producing a remarkable number of happy, well maintained people. They live in houses designed to accommodate numerous families that help and interact with each other, extinguishing any sense of uselessness that comes from living and working alone. By applying this concept to those in poverty here at home, we can reform the idea that only individually we can flourish. In reality, it isn’t every man for himself, because no man is truly at satisfied alone. Just as lions need a pride, we need cooperative communities designed to engage every member. However, bringing people together isn’t the only aspect of this theory. We also need to bring these people out of cities. Cities are tainted by the concepts of processed goods and cookie cutter living. By bringing people back to nature and enabling them to grow their own food, provide for themselves and others, and allowing them to pursue happiness they will learn to value themselves as well as the earth. On the whole, we need to be a sustainably developed nation. By implementing a concept of communal living, America could solve the poverty situation while rejecting the principles of agribusiness, unequal money distribution, and materialism which are preventing the upward momentum of the lower classes.

A typical corn monoculture.
A typical corn monoculture. | Source

What are the three most exploited crops in the United States?

See results

Agribusiness - The not so cheap food movement...

Agribusiness, directly responsible for the cheap food movement, is a huge contributor to the problems people face in America. Getting sucked into the grocery stores with colorful labels and convincing promises is all too easy when society has slyly banished the truly organic, locally grown products that are vital to our health and prosperity. By defeating agribusiness and returning to sustainable farming, the damage humans have inflicted on the earth and themselves could be reversed. Considering the alternatives to sustainable development is best said by Holmes Rolston III in Global Dialogue; “…underdevelopment, poverty, hunger, malnutrition, disease, illiteracy, high infant mortality, and low life expectancy” (2). Can the United States afford these outcomes? While these things have been seen to affect the lower income classes, agribusiness and its products directly affect the upper classes as well. People have been rewired to choose convenience over what is more beneficial long-term. So why isn’t Agribusiness falling into the light? A multilayered, pyramid of mass money holders that have monopolized the previously private owned farmland are in control of an obscene amount of money, as well as the people that expose and regiment the type of chaos they are creating. Colin Todhunter, a writer for Global Research, stated; “Now that the government and Western agribusiness have conspired to set the corporate controlled merry-go-round in motion, there may be little chance of getting off. Having had control stripped from them, farmers may well be forever beholden to US agribusiness which took their power” (1). How could a theory of communicable living combat this immense power struggle for cheap food? By bringing government in to overlook the processes of production and selling, these communities could, in theory, grow most or all of the food that is consumed by the people living there. This would not only improve the physical health of its inhabitants, but by obtaining a sense of accomplishment, the people would gain a sense of self.

A photo taken of protestors at an occupy wall street event.
A photo taken of protestors at an occupy wall street event. | Source

Effects of the 1% on the rest of us

The unequal distribution of money in America is said to be one of the main reasons behind the poverty situation we are facing. The result of ignoring a problem like this resembles something of a dictatorship rather than a democracy. Holmes Rolston III said, “Underdevelopment grows worse where economic growth also produces increasing and unjustified inequality of wealth – if the rich get much richer and the poor get proportionately poorer” (2). By taking action and getting people out of situations where the only option is to grovel at the feet of the rich, a more balanced society will form. David Barnhizer stated in “Waking from Sustainability’s ‘Impossible Dream’”; “The factors of greed and self interest, limited human capacity, inordinate systematic complexity, and the power of large-scale driving forces beyond our ability to control lead to the unsustainability of human systems” (5). Basically, Barnhizer believes that until humans decide to evolve and embrace new ideas, the world will never progress in the right direction. Money now officially rules the world, but it doesn’t have to rule its people. In these sustainable communities, the cost of food would be virtually non-existent. Jobs would be created and the manufacturing of the products made by the people would be a small source of income for those able to work. This is not a rich, money making idea, but it is capable of changing lives. It is a step toward a future that isn’t controlled entirely by Wall Street and family money.

What we own ends up owning us

Materialism is the concept of owning the most stuff and is seen as a source of power among people. The biggest house, the newest car, the deepest swimming pool…these are all products of a delusional mindset. For some reason, someone thought that having things could provide joy and fulfillment, but it can’t. People need other people to interact with and to look out for to find satisfaction. The deepening power struggle between the rich and the poor is heightened every time a child in poverty can’t have the newest X-Box model for Christmas. Relieving people of the constant struggle for stuff could provide instantaneous happiness. Materialism weighs on the mind as well as foundations. Barnhizer wrote, “Feeling helpless in the face of inordinate complexity and vast impersonal forces causes us to flee from our personal responsibility and become absorbed into the systems of institutions.” (34). Fixation on what is unattainable is what drives people insane. However, by relinquishing the worries of food insecurity, housing, and materialism people can focus on individual success and family priorities.



If the point of advances in science and technology is to prepare humankind for the future, why isn’t self-preservation being addressed? People need interpersonal contributions from others to identify individually. Unity is vital to individual success. Adam Smith, quoted in James Harvey’s essay, “Sustainable agriculture and free market economics: Finding common ground in Adam Smith” states, “Every man is, no doubt, by nature, first and principally recommended to his own care; and as he is fitter to take of himself than of any other person, it is fit and right that it should be so” (8). A country full of happy healthy people that can coincide and contribute to society seems like a future worth fighting for in America. A theory of communal living may be just the thing to kick start new thinking in the US. It ultimately comes down to whether or not people want to change. Greed can’t be the force behind people’s actions if we are going to make it in this world. The way things are doesn’t have to be the ways things are going to be. People have the capacity to change and provoke change in the wake of action. Commitment and determination can create both success and destruction. Something has to happen though, and soon. Maybe the step after sustainable communities is to legalize the growth and production of cannabis. God knows everyone would cheer up a little.


Works Cited

Barnhizer, David. “Waking from Sustainability’s “Impossible Dream”: The Decisionmaking

Realities of Business and Government.” Georgetown International Environmental Law

Review 18:4 (2006) 595-690. ProQuest. Web. 18 Nov 2013.

James, Harvey S. “Sustainable agriculture and free market economics: Finding common ground

in Adam Smith.” Agriculture and Human Values 23:1 (2006) 427-438. ProQuest. Web.

18 Nov 2013.

“Quotable Quote.” Goodreads. Web. 12 Dec 2013

Rolston, Holmes. “Justifying Sustainable Development: A Continuing Ethical Search.” Global

Dialogue 4:1 (2002) 103-113. ProQuest. Web. 18 Nov 2013.

The New International Version. Biblica, 2011. Web. 12 Dec 2013

Todhunter, Colin. “GMO Agribusiness and the Destructive Nature of Global Capitalism.” Global

Research. 2013. Web. 18 Nov 2013.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)