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Rojak language and charisma speaker

Updated on August 11, 2015

Rojak language and charisma speaker

Communication style is determined by the concept of self. Self-concept is closely related to charisma. Therefore we can define charisma and languages ​​hybrids.

Keywords: high language, the language of low, cross language, communication style, self-concept, arrogant language, system interruption, charisma.

Self Concept (Self-Concept)

The language we use in communicating reflect who we are. Force us to speak closely to how we see ourselves, and how we read or perceive the world and other speakers around us. This is what our self-concept. When we see ourselves as a scholar, then we naturally control the language we use to express our self-image. When we do not understand the communication climate around us, then we will not recognize the factors that surround us.

However, when using a language other than English, we may find that there are speakers of languages ​​other than English are not aware of this fact. We heard speakers of languages ​​other than English using low. Mixed language, the Malay language with English. Mixing was done at each level of proficiency: pronunciation, spelling, adjustment, phrases, sentences, vocabulary, idioms and meanings. Such behavior is common language among native speakers of languages ​​other than English. This phenomenon can be analyzed at the level of external behavior, which than can be heard and bibaca. This is done in the form of what is mixed, where do and why.

Yet we must also recognize the psychological processes that occur within language speakers who exhibit this behavior. Any behavior that we display is preceded by the conclusions of the climate communication involved. This article will look at this aspect.

Such speech acts are committed by non-native speakers, the non-French speakers. The non-native speakers of languages ​​other than English learn the Malay language as a second language formally. As a result, of their language is in compliance with the rules of grammar. However, native speakers of English is often not fully comply with the rules of grammar.

This phenomenon has to do with the concept of self-Malay speakers. What do you think the concept of self-Malay speakers that use the Malay language is a hybrid? Native speakers of languages ​​other than English may not even be aware of their self-concept display.

English High and Low

To enable us to make a brief analysis of the Malay language used then we look at the general features of the language. What are the characteristics of Malay language and the characteristics of low Malay language. Malay language is the language that has the characteristics of a complete grammar. This means:

a. Signs used are full of grammatical terms, subject and predicate, a description of the relationship syntactically correct.
b. Using the full adjustment. Adjustment per- transitive verb, and put the -i selenkapnya. Remuneration showing up section, which is his, di-, including and walked more. Remuneration noun to denote different meanings more, namely population (media and agents), population ... -an (process), per- ... -an (revenue and place), th ... -an (abstract), -an (results), etc.
c. Using the vocabulary consists of the words of a high concept, a more advanced form of the word and its meaning.
d. Rename a more polite and respectful of others like her, they, I, etc. (And not Ai, Yu, her people, lu, etc.).
e. Punctuation is complete
f. Express concepts, knowledge and high culture
g. Language learned man.

Malay language is contrary to the Malay Low. The key is, the context of the use of Malay language is different from the low Malay language. Bahasa Melayu Bahasa Melayu standard is high. Bahasa Melayu Bahasa Melayu hybrids is low. Malay language used in the context of the culture of science and culture revealed high. This is the opposite of the context of the low Malay language used in the context of trade and low social interaction is limited.

Physical context largely determines the level of the language used. For instance, in court, we would by itself have to use Malay language. Bahasa Melayu low as language market will not be used. In the meeting, we personally picking out words and sentences appropriate to express an idea, and not the words carelessly.

The most important effect resulting from the use of this low Malay language is that we will not look serious. People who do not want to sort the matter disclosed in the maturity. People talking without thinking deeply.

Therefore, we can make some assumptions based on the concept of self-native speakers of Malay language or Bahasa Melayu low these hybrids.

a. Standard Malay language proficiency incomplete "sliver sliver snake eel,"
b. Consider themselves already so good in
c. Treat others like them (down-leveling), the lower the standard of
d. Not considering the effect on the listener
e. His knowledge of the doubt ...
f. Playful and not serious.
g. Unlearned

Climate in Half: An example use of language Low (market) in the Official Ceremony

At present, there is a tendency lawyer uses language television and radio market, namely mixed language.

a. verse may comprise other languages ​​than Malay
b. incomplete sentence structures
c. adjustment is not used, the formula used does not comply with grammar
d. change the name borrowed from English or other languages
e. words are not significant (as the term) was borrowed, borrowing uncertain
f. vocabulary consists of words and mixed low
g. used in the context of the low, low social interaction.

Sometimes this language is also a language that is spoken by the youth slang. Although this language was able to communicate a message, but this language is not the language of high culture. Such language is not neat, mixed, many use slang language. This is the primary language is capable of expressing the low culture. Such language should not be the language used in official government channels such as radio and television.

A female artist to try to attract viewers to enjoy his plans. However, an artist who is also a master of ceremonies on television it does not recognize the formal status of an event that was aired on television.

Dialog 1

Advocate a teen club in the television program produces the following expression.

Lawyer: The last holiday I ... well ... we all television crews filming in ... Please do you all will watch what we all provide to you all ...

Dialogue 2

A female artist advertises his music to an audience segment. Native artists are as follows:

Artist: I've recorded four albums for you all. You all must have heard songs I. I will choose songs that attract specialist for you ... I Publisher and member TV crew ... they all have a plan for you all spesyel. We all have been working hard for you all.

Dialogue 3

Users market language easily equalize everyone with its own status (Kampung Baru, August 1997)

Waiter: You want to eat what? Séléka you eat from that table, you took what you want. Then you bawak I kat, kat I think of you.
Customer: Lady Call customer 'shoo' ... 'sir' and 'madam.' It was a courtesy call.
Waiter: You do not like not pa ... we all never heard people complain too ....

Dialog 4

In a supermarket, its council is very active carrier. But the language used is the language of low culture.

MC: Let's pack pak long long, long mak mak long, let ... ..
Customer: What is done, is it?

The actual public address announcer in the building, do not use standard language and the official language. The language is the language of the market.

Analysis
Market language is a language that uses the structure of the sentence, but the words blended with the Malay language the word loan. The most obvious is the language of the market using foreign pronouns, that I, you, we all, you all, they all, cave, lu, cave all, lu all, he, of all people, lu people, our people, are, ane, bai, etc.

English language market is foolish. Or, used by scholars to the foolish. This is not a tidy language and the official language. The primary language, to be used in relations with partners outside the formal ceremony, in the market, in the kitchen, at bus stops, etc. In the official program on television throughout the country, the language market is not fair use. Using the language of the market is very humble status who fought speak. Social grammar that violated are:

1. Cultural require intensive language used in formal atmosphere. The market language has no place in an official ceremony.
2. Use pronouns market language to come from low culture. High culture demands a rigorous language.
3. With mengeyou-youku viewers, barrister reduce everyone to the extent mat and rock minah only.
4. Television is the official channels. Language market and mixed language has no place in the official channels.
5. Do not use standard language Neka. In a formal setting, words and terms shall be authorized, the standard language.
6. There is no subtlety in the market, the market behavior of speakers will also be rude and discordant. When we use the language of high culture, we do not dare to behave rudely with customers.

When the server uses the pronoun you to the customer, the customer was not respected. In fact, he felt he likened to the teenage waitress who called himself I. On the server side, when he uses the pronoun you to all the customers, he feels himself equal with customers. So he pretends that he said those words fit the customer. The customer is important. Without clients we have no business. Therefore the customer is higher than the server class. We can not humiliate them-Youki mengeyou them. Avoid disputes with customers. This can be done by calling them Mr., Mr., Mrs., Miss and Ms. Drop at all pronouns you and I.

When we want to use the language of cast rename pinjanan. Use the pronoun of respect, namely: Mr., Mrs., Mr., Ms., viewers, listeners, fans, then the behavior of the speakers have also changed.

Polite language English

Dialog 1

Lawyers youth clubs.

Lawyer: Time and leave me with a television crew. We are shooting in (...) I hope all of you will be watching what we provide for all of you.

Dialogue 2

The dialogue that has been repaired are as follows:

Artist: I've recorded four albums for all of you. All of you must listen to my songs. I will choose songs that attract specialist for all of you. My publisher and member of the TV crew, we have all been preparing plans for yaudara spesel all. We have worked hard for all of you.

Dialogue 3

The dialogue that has been repaired)

Server: Ladies and gentlemen want to eat? Ladies and gentlemen may choose from the food on the table. Ladies and gentlemen may be required to take any food. Then, bring it to me, I think for Ladies and Gentlemen UAU.
Customer: Lady Call customer 'shoo' ... 'sir' and 'madam.' It was a courtesy call.
Server: If you did not like it does not matter. We never had anyone complain about this.

Dialog 4

Improvements:

MC: MariTuan, ladies and gentlemen, let's see ... ..

The actual public address announcer in the building, do not use standard language and the official language. The language is the language of the market.

Analysis
Market language is a language that uses the structure of the sentence, but the words blended with the Malay language the word loan. The most obvious is the language of the market using foreign pronouns, that I, you, we all, you all, they all, cave, lu, cave all, lu all, he, of all people, lu people, our people, are, ane, bai, etc.

English language market is foolish. Or, used by scholars to the foolish. This is not a tidy language and the official language. The primary language, to be used in relations with partners outside the formal ceremony, in the market, in the kitchen, at bus stops, etc. In the official program on television throughout the country, the language market is not fair use. Using the language of the market is very humble status who fought speak. Social grammar that violated are:

7. Cultural require intensive language used in formal atmosphere. The market language has no place in an official ceremony.
8. Using rename market language to come from low culture. High culture demands a rigorous language.
9. With mengeyou-youku viewers, barrister reduce everyone to the extent mat and rock minah only.
10. Television is the official channels. Language market and mixed language has no place in the official channels.
11. Do not use the standard language Neka. In a formal setting, words and terms shall be authorized, the standard language.
12. There is no subtlety in the market, the market behavior of speakers will also be rude and discordant. When we use the language of high culture, we do not dare to behave rudely with customers.

When the server uses the pronoun you to the customer, the customer was not respected. In fact, he felt he likened to the teenage waitress who called himself I. On the server side, when he uses the pronoun you to all the customers, he feels himself equal with customers. So he pretends that he said those words fit the customer. The customer is important. Without clients we have no business. Therefore the customer is higher than the server class. We can not humiliate them-Youki mengeyou them. Avoid disputes with customers. This can be done by calling them Mr., Mr., Mrs., Miss and Ms. Drop at all pronouns you and I.

When we want to use the language of cast rename pinjanan. Use the pronoun of respect, namely: Mr., Mrs., Mr., Ms., viewers, listeners, fans, then the behavior of the speakers have also changed.

Dialogue 5

The language used by a person closely associated with the charisma he said. Karisma speakers increase, which appears to be an educated person, a person of caliber, and be able to control the situation when using language that closely controlled. A leader or the head of a mixed language, colloquial style in the formal context was to look like the foolish! See an example of a leader dialog Inland Revenue Board (Tan Sri Zainol).

Leader: Many of the difficult words, do not go too ... .. te enbelop he has fomet, eh fun!

When we eksplen, eh fun!

Analysis:

1. The reference Kedah dialect, is spoken language.
2. Paragraph incomplete.
3. Drop the remuneration.
4. Mixing of English words in French discourse as such people do not go to school.
5. The choice of the word 'difficult' to 'hard'.
6. Intonation as the 'chat.'
7. Do not respect the formal context, that the public television interview.

Berbdi dialog language for the dialog No 4

Leader: Kebabanyakan those who say (income tax return) is difficult, do not open any cover letter!

The actual form has a very simple format. When they indicated that format, then they realize that it is easy to understand form.

Then, when explained, they also continue to agree that it was very easy to understand form.

Note:

Of course, the above language easily understood by the villagers. That may be because diguakan to explain the form to the villagers, if they pay income tax.

Listeners also got the impression that they are not respected. Also, employees who talk so in front of an educated audience, will memebri negative impact that he can not use standard language and tidy. In other words, his charisma also fell.

Factors in Creating Cross

According to Uriel Weinreicht (1957) who wrote Languages ​​in Contact, raises borrowing, namely the phenomenon of mixed language, sms language, slang language, etc.
Language encounters in several ways:

1. Transfer, migration, colony, prisoners of war were taken to another place etc.
2. Coercion. Malaysia?
3. Move the workplace, driven from the place of origin, other powers
4. open sky policy, independent media, brings a lot of tv etc,

The concept of borrowing in different language than the one we practice. Language elements borrowed not returned. It became part of the language borrowed. What elements borrowed:

1. Sounds, spelling, pronunciation (fekto = factor, the attractor = structure, etc.)
2. The phrase, paragraph (paragraph dpd English borrowed passive, delicious restaurant?),
3. The vocabulary, the term: a lot
4. Remuneration, humanism, pre, etc.
5. proverb: springboard, honeymoon, birthday celebrataion,
6. Elements of grammar: the = was, plural elements = double, etc.

Why do we borrow.

1. Required (term)
2. Facilitate (occurring native speakers of Malay)
3. A prestige (perhaps that is the impetus native speakers of English when borrowed from English)

System disorders

In a multilingual society, multi-class, multi-level today, then it often happens issue with cross-cultural communication.

There are many language system. System call (greeting) is different in bebrabagi context. For example the context of village, town. office, sales, public speaking, speaking on TV, has its own culture.

Similarly, the context, the people resisted speaking, the unofficial official, etc. How to use body language etc.

Recently, many of the agencies and organizations developed. From there also arose a new context, namely corporate culture. This requires us to use the official language, systematic and standard. However, most of the rural Malay speakers are not so familiar with the system's corporate language. Corporate language requires the use of a courtesy call, systematic use of language and not truncated-cut.

When speakers of languages ​​other than English from the village into the corporate world, and there is interference on the use of language. The villagers use the system call to call all the village men as older brother and older men as uncle. Merchants restaurant called customers by calling the village, brothers, sisters, aunts, etc. In the case of clients felt disrespected when called so.

Similarly, colloquial language expression system began official language. Regional languages ​​plus the official language.

The English pronoun system Malay pronouns.

Dialect pronunciation of Kedah, Kelantan, etc. The system default language pronunciation.

The dialect vocabulary and phrases such as let's go to the dialect. It can not let bother replacing the official language vocabulary.

Expression of teenage language as sure excited, blah, beams, busty, is suitable for groups of young speakers. When used when talking to parents, this expression becomes inappropriate. When used in official contexts such as in business transactions, business temugga and official meetings, this language becomes barbaric. But the expression of this youth began to interfere with neat language and the official language.

Implication

Examples of hybrid language is so widely spread. We find difficult lecturers, leaders, etc. The high command of the Malay language. The result is, they are perceived as people who do not master the Malay language with perfect, nor diperspesi as a person who can speak sufficient English. People who can speak good English language will not mix. They will directly speak English properly, because they know good English language skills were admired. Thus, they will demonstrate the use of English is perfect.

Those who mencapurkan Malay language with English halting and often filled with mistakes, said he was expecting people speak English. What is clear is that, they were proficient in the English language will not exhibit such behavior. Mixed language is evidence that low English proficiency. The proof is a lot wrong word to use: they are proactive (for a free proactive active; show off used to show up; the respective respected, improvise to improve - conducted by lecturers of English, seasoned shoes to wear, etc.)

Implications for Users in Hybrids

Everyone has a charisma. Some of the more charismatic high, some are simple and some are charismatic charismatic low.

There are many characteristics of charisma. Chairman of heresy as Ashaari have high charisma. While Dad Pin have charisma. Therefore, they have followers. Karisma has a lot of features, namely:

Expert: credible
Transparent: no lie
Image: level, clothing
Language skills: fluent, eloquent, erudite
Energy: active
Body: High

In this article we look only its language skills. The language used by a speaker, lecturer, leader relates to his ability to persuade or convince people. In short, those who have language skills that are current, complete, learned, will be perceived as a good leader. This is essential to the shaping charisma of a leader.

Former president of the United States, Mr. Jimmy Carter had to learn the language better to carry out his duties as a leader, especially for speech. Former Malaysian prime minister also said to have used the consultant to deliver a speech kepajaran properly and effectively. There are principles influence the audience. Language smooth, stylish, powerful, and complete, are:

a. more convincing and persuasive
b. raise confidence audience
c. Business man (without intensity)
d. corporate language, more powerful
e. charismatic.

Compare the language used by artists like Jins Shamsudin with language Chef Wan (including talkative, talkative), Anwar Ibrahim language with the language of Abdullah Badawi, the Malaysian language television host and television host Malaysia. We will get a clear picture of the role of the language used and the charisma of the speaker.

Similarly, hybrid speakers will be perceived as charismatic, namely:

a. not educated, non-specialists (the disclosure of knowledge requires a high language, knowledge and ideas in hybrids does not seem keilmuwannya)
b. not proficient in the language (talk highly regarded in Malay culture, such as the village and not in school)
c. not serious, such as playful when talking
d. unwise (and even hybrid language can not be serious, be laughing and treason)
e. downgrade or do not respect the occasion and the audience
f. unexpired think, or not think it speaks.
g. poor leadership, has no persuasive power.

In conclusion, hybrid language is not the language of high culture. The speaker automatically downgrade to the standard of the uneducated, uncultured high, playful, not serious, do not respect the council and audience. Speakers hybrids reduce the charisma he said.

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