Romanian National Language – Romanian Language History and Origins
Romanian Is a Latin Language
The national Romanian language is named Romanian, and is one of the five major Latin languages, along with Spanish, Portuguese, French, and Italian. The Romanian natives call their language română, and is the official language, spoken by 91% of the Romanians as their first language. Other languages are Hungarian, Roma, Ukrainian, and German. Romanian is often spelled Rumanian or Roumanian, although the correct modern spelling is the former.
Romanian in Europe
History and Origins of Romanian Language
Is Romanian A Slavic or a Latin Language?
Romanian is a Latin language, or Romance, developed in the first millennia from Latin, the language spoken by Romans.
In 106 AD, when the Roman empire defeated the Dacians, the local inhabitants of the present Romania, they transformed Dacia into a Roman province. The Romans colonized this province heavily because of its natural resources, leading to an intense Romanization of the Dacian territory. There is very little evidence of what the ancient Dacian language sounded.
The language has further evolved, suffering transformation under other subsequent occupations. Some of the occupants' heritage include influences from Slavic languages, (Russian, Bulgarian, Polish), Greek, Hungarian and Turkish.
Contrary to a popular belief among Western World, Romanian is not a Slavic language. However, many times, for the Westerner listener, the sound of Romanian language is very similar to the Slavic languages. Romanian has been strongly influenced by the many Slavic nations which surrounds it, and given the history, and the location within a sea of Slavic people, is almost a miracle that Romanians haven't been assimilated, but rather they assimilated the numerous Slavic migratory people.
The Slavic influences, although not determinant, are important. For instance the word "yes" in Romanian is "da", a Slavic word, or the word "to love", in Romanian is "a iubi", which is also a Slavic word.
Pimsleur method is a great language learning method. Completely portable, as a CD or audiobook, includes 15 hours of Romanian language practice.
The course focuses on teaching you, you will find that repetition is used a lot as a training tool, but this is actually the best method for retention of the vocabulary.
Romanian Language Words
Usual Romanian Words
white=alb; black=negru; gray=gri; red=roşu; orange=portocaliu, oranj; green=verde; blue=albastru; brown=cafeniu, maro; yellow=galben; purple=violet
one=unu; two=doi; three=trei; four=patru; five=cinci; six=şase; seven=şapte; eight=opt; nine=nouă; ten=zece.
Romanian Language Usual Words:
hello=bună; goodbye=la revedere;
good (m)=bun; bad (m)=rău;
hot=fierbinte; cold=rece; warm (m)=cald;
fast (m)=rapid; slow (m)=lent, încet;
clean (m)=curat; dirty (m)=murdar;
large=mare; small (m)=mic;
more=mai mult; less=mai puţin
Free Android App - Learn Romanian
Free Android App featuring:
Receive daily words from the most frequently used Romanian words and phrases
Listen proper pronunciation of the words from a native speaker
Record your pronunciations and play them back to compare and improve
Build your own dictionary of Romanian words to help you improve your Romanian language skills
Use flash cards test and improve your Romanian
Romanian Language Pronunciation Guide
One of the most difficult tasks for an English native is the pronunciation. Most of the sounds in Romanian are identical to the English ones, however there are sounds that don't have an equivalence, and the sounds sequence and combination will prove quite different.
The reading though should prove easier to learn than learning to read in English, since all the letters have only one way to be read and pronounced.
a - like 'a' in "father"
e - like 'a' in "bait,", or 'e' in "exit"
i - like the 'ee' in "beet
o - like 'o' in "chlorine"
u - like 'oo' in "broom"
ă - like 'a' in "about
â, î - no English equivalent, close to ă but with the mouth almost closed, and the tongue more retracted in the back. Or an ee as in sheep, but with the tongue retracted.
b - like b in bone
c - like k in kayak, or if it's followed by i, (ci), or e, (ce), is pronounced ch like cheese
d - kike d in door
f - like f in fan
g - like g in go
ge - if g it's followed by e or i is pronounced like the j in Jenifer
gh - g followed by h is closer to the g in good, but slightly different, no English equivalent exists
h - like h in home
j - like the s in measure or the j in the French bonjour
k - like the k in sky, it is not actually used in Romanian, but rather in imported words
l - like the l in long
m - like the m in mother
n - like the n in nanny
p - like the p in Spain
q - like k in sky, but is not actually a used letter in Romanian, but only in imported words
r - like the Spanish or Italian r, no English equivalent
s - like s in Spain
ş - like sh in show
t - like t in tone
ţ - like tz in blitz
v - like v in van
w - like v in van, but only used for loanwords from other languages
x - like x in box
y - like ee in sheet, but only used in loanwords
z - like z in zebra
Listen to Romanian words spoken by natives online: Forvo - Romanian Pronunciation guide
Take a look at the video below if you want to hear a native speaking Romanian.
Romanian Language on Youtube
Romanian Language Resources
- Romanian Language Software
Instant Immersion Level 1 - Learn Romanian Software on Amazon
- Language Exchange Community - Practice Foreign Languages
Practice foreign languages with native speakers through language exchange. Meet people, chat, send messages, make friends and improve your language skills...
- The History of the Romanian Language
The History of the Romanian Language - Melodie Hanners Linguistics 450I have been asked many times, "What language do they speak in Romania, Russian?" To the surprise of many however, the answer is no.
- Romance languages on Wikipedia
Romance languages, or Latin languages, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
- Romanian language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Wikipedia's page about Romanian
- Dictionar Englez Roman - English Romanian Dictionary Online
Romanian English Dictionary online and download, conversation guide. Information about Romania: travel, culture, and more. Best of all, no ads.