- Education and Science
Who was Rommel?
Erwin Rommel (1891-1944), was sent by Hitler to North Africa in February 1941 to take command of the newly formed German Afrika Korps.
An able commander, who won such respect from the British that for a time they looked on him as virtually invincible, he reconquered Cyrenaica in 1941, captured Tobruk and Benghazi in 1942, and by June had advanced into Egypt as far as El Alamein. Hampered by inadequate supplies and unrealistic orders from Hitler, his army was defeated by Montgomery's 8th Army in October.
Rommel retreated to Tunisia and was recalled to Europe in 1943 to take command in Italy and then in France, where he organized the construction of the Atlantic Wall. By this time he was convinced that Hitler must be removed, and those who conspired with him planned to make him head of state after Hitler's overthrow.
Rommel was severely injured during an Allied air attack, and after the 20 July Plot failed to kill Hitler he committed suicide by taking poison.