- Education and Science»
- Sociology & Anthropology»
- Folklore & Mythology»
- Legendary Creatures & Cryptids
Ropen: a Living Dinosaur or a Figment of Faith?
After numerous expeditions into the wilds of Papua New Guinea, Paul Nation believed he finally made the discovery of a lifetime in 2006. The Texas-born cryptozoologist, explorer, and “living-pterosaurs investigator” came to the South Pacific Island nation to coordinate a search for a nocturnal flying creature known as Ropen. And on this fateful expedition, he believed he finally caught them on videotape.
For thousands of years, the natives of Papua New Guinea told folk tales of a flying reptile that lurked in the night skies. It went by several names, depending on the island or region it was spotted in. On the main island of New Britain, for instance, it was known as Indava (The volcanic island of Umboi is where the name Ropen came from).
This creature has been described as being huge with a wingspan 3-4 feet; emitting a bio-luminescent light; and resembling the prehistoric winged reptile, the pterodactyl. Like stories of the Loch Ness Monster in Scotland, the Yeti of the Himalayas, or Bigfoot of the American Northwest, compelling eye-witness accounts are rampant, despite the lack of a body, other remains, or any definitive proof of it being found in the wilds.
Nation believed he had definitive proof. His video-taped evidence showed – what he purported – two ropens circling a village at night and them perched in trees at night. Not much can be seen, except for the light they emitted. While many skeptics point out that the film doesn’t prove much, other researchers have accepted it as being compelling enough to confirm its existence.
And, for a small group of explorers (including Nation), proof is a matter of proving faith
...David Woetzel (also associated with Creation Evidence Museum) claimed he spotted it flying between two mountain peaks. He had a video camera with him; however, he claimed that the sighting “was so quick that it was impossible to get a video."
Ropen and Young Earth Creationism?
Proving the existence of a pterodactyl-like creature in modern times was not the only reason Nation searched for the creature. He and the expeditionary groups he was part of in 1994, 2002, and 2006, were affiliated with a Texas based Creationist organization known as the Creation Evidence Museum. Creation Evidence Museum was founded by Carl Baugh – one of the men who accompanied Nation on his first expedition in 1994, and who had funded other research and expeditions to refute the theory of evolution.
As it turns out, Ropen captured the attention of proponents of creationism. The existence of this flying beast may help them prove that the theory of evolution was wrong about the origin of life on the planet. Part of the argument for creationism is that dinosaurs and humans actually co-existed 6000 years ago*, instead of being separated by millions of years. The belief that the world is 6000 years-old supposedly coincides with the events described in the Book of Genesis in the Old Testament of the Bible. This is a theory embraced by proponents of a creationist concept known as the Young Earth Theory.
History of Sightings
Modern sightings of the creature began during World War II. In 1944, an American soldier, Duane Hodgkinson, spotted it rising from the forest near Finshhafen on the mainland. In a 2005 video testimony, he claimed that the creature had a tail “at least ten to fifteen feet long,” and had a long appendage at the back of its head (Whitcomb, 2006).
However, it wasn’t until the 1990s that any type of expedition to find the winged creature was made. There were other accounts and reports; however, little or no evidence was ever collected and most of the sightings came from the locals and missionaries in New Britain and Umboi Islands.
In 2004, cryptozoologist David Woetzel (also associated with Creation Evidence Museum) claimed he spotted it flying between two mountain peaks. He had a video camera with him; however, he claimed that the sighting “was so quick that it was impossible to get a video (Whitcomb, 2005).”
Possibly the most significant documentation of the winged creature didn’t come from an explorer or witness. Creationist and videographer Jonathon Whitcomb went on several expeditions only to fail to spot it. However, he resorted to interviewing the villagers and missionaries in Papua New Guinea, Woetzel, Hodgkinson, and Nation. As a result of this, he turned his compilation of interviews into a 2007 book titled “Searching for Ropen.” In the book, and on countless web blogs on the subject, Whitcomb came to the conclusion that ropen did exist.
Media Catches On to the Ropen Craze
The book also garnered attention outside the island nation and the dedicated creationists. Skeptics soon took notice. Many claimed that the sighting were possibly false reports or misidentifications of Flying Fox Fruit Bats or Frigate birds. There were others who suggested that it was a hoax.
Eventually, TV shows started to investigate ropen’s existence. In 2007, the host and cryptid investigator of Sci-Fy Channel’s Destination Truth, Joshua Gates, did a segment on ropen. He and his team went to the last reported site to see for themselves if the ropen was real. Although they witnessed strange lights in the night, his team could not confirm what they were, let alone ropen’s existence.
In 2009, History Channel’s Monster Quest conducted its own expedition. Again, no definitive evidence was found. However, the show featured Nation’s video and had it analyzed by a forensic video expert. He couldn’t confirm or deny that the lights were proof that the creature existed. He claimed, however, that the lights couldn’t have come from a vehicle such as a plane or helicopter. He appeared to support the light was bio-luminescent (created by an animal).
Final Thoughts on Ropen
In the end, ropen is more of a hope than an actual creature. Many have vested their reputation and personal faith that it exists in the wild. To date, Nation’s sketchy video of strange lights in the sky and another video of "something" flying over a Papua New Guinea beach are the best evidence for its existence. It’s not much, however, for Baugh, Nation, Whitcomb, Woetzel, and other “living-pterosaur investigators” this is all the proof they need.
Update: Living Fossil?
If there are two constants in the story of the Ropen, The name Jonathon David Whitcomb and "Living Fossils" are always present. As mentioned in the article, Whitcomb, a videographer by trade, has conducted several interviews on the subject, taken part in expeditions, made video presentation and written several books and articles on the subject.
Whitcomb has been busy on the Internet lately. As late as 2013, he has responded to critics of his work by either downplaying some of the more outlandish facets from his book (and from other writers) or urging them to read the 2nd edition, in which he made some corrections. Some of these comments can be found on the Amazon.com page for his 2006 book, Searching For Ropens: Living Pterosaurs of Papua New Guinea (1st edition).
Also, the Ropen story seemingly falls under the category of "living fossils." The term refers to cryptids that resemble dinosaurs. The living fossils movement has been embraced by the Young Earth Creationists who believe the discovery of these beast suggest that man and dinosaurs lived together, and thus proving that the world is actually 6000 years old.
Whitcomb and Woetzal's names have been associated with this movement. Also, the living fossils movements has earned some fans within the homeschool text industry. Recently, textbooks that suggested the validity of certain cryptids (such as as the Ropen and the Loc Ness Monster), were pulled from Louisiana's homeschool curriculum.
Update 2018: Sock Puppetry Accusations
As mentioned, Whitcomb's name has been associated with ropen. And, it appears it goes deeper than that. Two scientists/writers revealed that Whitcomb may have been the sole person responsible for spreading the myth.
According to Urban Dictionary, the term sock puppet refer to "An account made on an internet message board, by a person who already has an account, for the purpose of posting more-or-less anonymously." In other words, nearly all (if not all) websites and blogs about the Ropen were authored by Whitcomb -- in some cases under one of his pen names.
This accusation was confirmed by Whitcomb, himself, who mentioned in several Twitter posts on his account. Also, he revealed his alias on some of his "Repon" sites.
And, true to form, Whitcomb has gone after his critics on this matter. Also, in 2015, Whitcomb critiqued me in two postings on two different sites. He's accused me of being a strawman and based it on two articles that had been published on the defunct Helium.com.
While many Young Earth Creationists will back the notions that the world is only a few thousand years old, it's not a consensus with everyone in this movement. Some have stated tens or hundreds of thousand years old. A few mention a million years or higher.
Monster Quest segment Showing Paul Nation's Video
Encyclopedia of Cryptozoology
© 2015 Dean Traylor