SOUTH AMERICA AND ITS URBANIZATION:Migrating from Rural to Urban Areas
Percent Urban Population
The article, "Globalization and Land-use Transitions in Latin America," focuses on deforestation, conservation, and other changes that have been made to the land; and how they affect the country and the world as a whole. This article caught my interest because it brought up the topic of South America's citizens migrating from rural to urban cities and the effects that it has on their countries.
As more and more people are making the transition from a rural area to an urban area, they are consuming "agriculture products that originate in more efficient systems such as mechanized agriculture, planned pastures, and feedlots." Having a more organized agriculture in which foods can be produced more efficiently is beneficial for the country. The owner is making a significant profit, the local urban citizens are purchasing lower-priced products, and it is more beneficial for the environment. It is interesting to note that "current patterns of rural-urban migration [in South America can] also provide important opportunities to achieve land-use efficiency" (Grau, 2008). It is predicted that with more people migrating to the urban areas, less people will be damaging the rural ecosystems as they are using safer methods for agriculture. However, these abandoned rural ecosystems need to be maintained and preserved by the government if they want those ecosystems to improve.
Those that have migrated to the urban areas in South America have discovered that "they improve[d] their living condition is terms of education, health, and services" (Grau, 2008). One of the major positives to this movement is that more South Americans are getting the education to help their countries grow and have a better future in a competitive world economy. Those that do live in an urban area have more access to efficient healthcare; therefore, more people are living longer and healthier lives in these areas. There are also more government services that are available to those who need it. It is difficult for South Americans to receive any form of assistance while they are living in rural locations.
There are many positive positions that come with the topic of urbanization; however, this can be a controversial topic and lead to many negative positions. Some people believe that it is wrong to abandon the rural areas? If the government doesn't step up and help these areas, what will happen to their ecosystem? Is there funding for that in South America? If you lived in South America, how would you feel about the effects that the rural-urban migration has on your country; would you support it?
Grau, H. (2008). Globalization and land-use transitions in latin america . Retrieved from http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss2/art16/