ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Science Activities for Young Children: Farm Animals Unit

Updated on August 31, 2012
My daughters and their friends visiting a local farm.
My daughters and their friends visiting a local farm. | Source

When children are young your science lessons do not need to be overly complicated. Remember your children entered the world with no knowledge. All the basics that you now take for granted your child must learn. One of those basic subjects that most all young children seem to love is fury farm animals.

Introduction and Overview of Farm Animals

Start by asking your children, "What animals live on a farm?" With science you want to model questioning as a way to examine and come to understanding of the world. But do not forget that your children might need help coming up with the correct answers. Post the answers on the board to aid beginning readers.

  • Cattle and goats
  • Horses, ponies and donkeys
  • Poultry: chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese
  • Pigs
  • Sheep
  • Rabbits
  • Bees
  • Cats
  • Dogs

Allow your children to tell what they already know about these animals. Correct any misconceptions. Discuss the different "houses" that in which the different animals live. This can all be accomplished during the art project.

End your science lesson with an art project that emphasizes what you have discussed. You will need either farm pictures or large blank papers with crayons or markers and farm animal stickers for each child. (Farm stickers can be purchased from the Oriental Trading Company or pretty much any store that sells stickers.) Provide each child with a picture of a farm or instruct her to create one on her paper. Then provide her with farm animal stickers with which to fill her farm giving information about each animal as it is added to the picture.

Introducing Animal Sounds to Preschoolers

Prepare for the days lesson by printing pictures of the different animals you discussed the previous day and posting them on the board. (As rabbits don't usually communicate with sound you might want to leave them out.) Start the lesson by asking, "How do farm animals communicate?" Allow the children to point out and name the different sounds that the different animals make.

Then as a fun way to review the sounds and make sure everyone has got them down you can create a barnyard choir. Instruct the children to make the sound of the animal different animals each time you point at them. Then simply have fun with it. Depending on the children and how well things are going you might even give the kids a turn at directing the choir.

Identifying Animal Parent and Baby Names

As you have been discussing animals this is a good time to introduce the names of adult and baby animals. (I would leave bees out of this discussion as it would require explanation of a hive system, which would be better addressed as its own unit.)

  • Cattle: bulls and cows have calves
  • Goats: billies and nannies have kids
  • Horses and ponies: stallions and mares have foals
  • Donkeys: jacks and jennies have foals
  • Chickens: rosters and hens have chicks
  • Turkeys: toms and hens have poults
  • Ducks: drakes and ducks have ducklings
  • Geese: ganders and geese have goslings
  • Pigs: boars and sows have piglets
  • Sheep: bucks and ewes have lambs
  • Rabbits: bucks and does have kittens
  • Cats: tomcats and queens have kittens
  • Dogs: dogs and bitches have puppies

Follow the information with a matching game. Match the baby animals with their mothers. Depending on the children's interest you could even make a memory game from your animal pairs. Remember to appropriately identify each animal when a child flips it over. They sell these type of memory games at teacher supply stores or you could easily make your own if you are not worried about its longevity.

Identifying Animal Jobs

Start today's lesson by asking your children, "Why do farmers keep farm animals?" You will likely need to get specific with your questions to keep the conversation on track (i.e. "Why do farmers keep cows?"). Depending on the sensibilities of your child you may wish to leave pigs and rabbits out of this discussion.

  • Cow and goats provide milk
  • Horses, ponies and donkeys were used to pull farm equipment before motorized vehicles
  • Poultry provide eggs
  • Pigs provide meat
  • Sheep provide wool, which we use for clothes
  • Rabbits provide meat and fur for clothing
  • Bees provide honey
  • Cats keep the mice away, which would otherwise eat the other animals' food
  • Dogs can guard and herb the other animals keeping them safe

Today's discussion also lends itself to matching or memory games. Match the cow or goat to the picture of milk. Match the sheep to the picture of a sweater. I've not seen this type of memory game at the teacher supply store so you will likely have to create your own. However, if you created your own cards for the previous days activities you will really only need to create half the cards now as the adult animal cards can be reused.

Preschool Farm Visit

End the unit by actually visiting a farm. Local farms will often provide tours for home school groups. Try the farm that already enjoys your patronage. Or if you do not frequent a local farm look for those that provide corn mazes or other community activities. If that fails you can always try the fair, which should include a variety of prize winning animals as well as a petting zoo.

As you visit each type of animal talk about the information you've covered throughout the week. "What is this animal called? What would its baby be called? Did you hear what sound it made? Why do farmers keep this animal?"

By the end of the unit your child will be brimming with knowledge about farm animals. She may even have discovered a new favorite animal.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Joy M profile imageAUTHOR

      Joy M 

      5 years ago from Sumner, Washington

      Glad you enjoyed the hub!

      I've also found it helpful to repeat information in different ways with my own kids. The repetition in and of itself is helpful too. :)

    • Green Art profile image

      Green Art 

      5 years ago

      Excellent hub! I like that you combine talking about the animals names, to the sounds they make and also going to see them up close on a farm. This is a great way to teach children about a subject. Children retain information differently and having a wide variety of approaches to teach them about a specific subject is so important. It's also fun! Voted up and useful!

    • Joy M profile imageAUTHOR

      Joy M 

      6 years ago from Sumner, Washington

      Children pick up a suprising amount all on their own. But if you get down on their level and engage them they pick up so much more! Glad you enjoyed the hub.

    • TeachableMoments profile image

      TeachableMoments 

      6 years ago from California

      Thank you for a great hub. Hopefully more people grow to realize that young children learn best by playing and actively exploring the environment. By asking relevant questions that are age appropriate we better understand a child's knowledge and interests. Thanks for the useful information.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)