ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Science Activities for Young Children: Plant Unit

Updated on July 27, 2013

This lesson plan is a fun and delicious way to introduce your child to the study of botany. In this unit your child will learn about plant needs, the parts of a plant, edible plants and a little bit about how plants use their parts. This unit is broken down into four lessons and activities, which follow.

Plant Needs Experiment

A good place to begin is with the basics that a plant needs to survive: water, soil, space, sun and air. Below is a video with a fun song to help kids remember those needs. To introduce the days lesson ask your child, "What do you think a plant needs to survive?" If you've already covered it, remind your child what animals need to survive. Ask, "Will plants need all the same things?" Explain that the experiment you will be working on will explore what a plant can and can not live without.

For this experiment you will need three containers, a small box, cotton balls and three bean seeds. Place cotton balls in each container. Label the containers 1, 2 and 3. The first container will be your control and will receive both light and water. Wet the cotton balls and place the container in a sunny location.

The second container will be deprived water. Place it in the same sunny location as the first but remember not to water it.

The third container will be deprived light. Wet the cotton balls and place the third container in the box closing the lid over the container.

Over the next several days have your child monitor the seeds. Add water to containers one and three as needed. And remind your child to try to let in as little light as possible when monitor the third seed.

Hopefully your first seed will sprout and show green leaves. Your second seed should not sprout. Your third seed should sprout but produce only yellow sickly leaves. Discuss with your child what this experiment tells you about the needs of plants.

Plant Needs Song

Parts of a Plant Science Project

"We know the names of our parts, but what do we call the parts of a plant?" This or a similar question will get the days lesson started. (Feel free to start this lesson before the conclusion of the previous experiment as it will take several days.) Help your child identify any parts they already know and tell them the parts they might not yet know.

To reinforce what they are learning help your child "construct" her own plant. You will need a paper towel tube, construction paper, scissors, tape or glue and pipe cleaners. (A hole punch would be helpful.)

  • Have your child cover the tube in green paper and explain that this will be the plants stem.
  • Have your child cut out oval shapes from green and another colored construction paper. Attach the green ovals along stating that these will be the plants leaves. Attach the other colored paper to the top of the stem stating that these will be the plants petals.
  • Punch holes in the bottom of the stem. Have your child attach the pipe cleaners through these holes and explain that these are the plants roots.

Save your child's "plant" and you will be able to use it in the discussion of how the plant uses its parts.

Edible Parts of Plants


Optional Art Project

As an additional art project to aid your students understanding have them create an edible parts of plants collage like the one above.

You will need a large piece of construction paper or poster board, a sharpie marker, food magazines (or preprinted images of vegetables), scissors and glue.

  1. Divide the construction paper (or poster board) into four quadrants and label each quadrant: flower, stem, roots and leaves. Pencil is fine, then you child can add decorative letters later.
  2. Allow your child to cut and sort a variety of vegetable pictures. Assist as needed. Glue down the pictures after you have checked their placement.
  3. Add fancy letters and whatever other finishing touches your child would like.

Edible Plants Project

This is one of the more delicious science lessons, but it does require more preparation. You will need the following materials:

  • broccoli or cauliflower
  • celery
  • carrots
  • lettuce, preferably a variety that looks more typically leaf like

Start by asking your child, "What parts of the plant do you think we eat?" After you've determined what your child already knows or can deduce start getting specific.

What flowers do we eat? If your child comes up with a different but correct answer praise them and then provide them with the flower they will be eating today - the broccoli or the cauliflower.

What plant stems do we eat? Again praise your child for any correct answer and gently correct any misconceptions. Provide your child with the celery you procured.

What plant roots do we eat? This might prove a little trickier so have your carrot ready.

Finally, what plant leaves do we eat? This question might prove a little easier and it is always nice to end on a positive note with lots of praise. Provide your child with the lettuce and enjoy your salad together.

Parts of the Plant Revisited

Go back to the plant model your child created and review the names of the plant parts. Ask your child, "What does the plant use these parts for?"

  • Roots collect water and nutrients from the soil.
  • The stem carries that water to the rest of the plant.
  • The leaves turn the sunlight into plant food.
  • The flowers attract bees and other pollinators so that there will be more plants.

End your less by potting your healthy bean sprout and review the five needs of plants and how potting and watering the plant then putting it in a sunny location will provide those needs. You child now has a very basic understanding of botany.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)