ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Edinburgh CastleBuilt on Top Of A Volcano

Updated on September 3, 2020
powers41 profile image

One of the most visited castles in Scotland, Edinburgh Castle with a wealth of history.

Edinburgh Castle
Edinburgh Castle
Map of Edinburgh Castle
Map of Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle in the beginning

Edinburgh Castle is truly a medieval monument to history. But, in the Middle Ages, it was a small fort called Dun Eiden. It was built by God Odin on top of a volcano called Castle Rock. The volcano had erupted some 340 million years ago and has been dormant thus far. The Angles tribe attacked the fort and invaded it for their own. They took the name Eiden, joining it with Burth, thus making it Edinburgh. It was recaptured and claimed by the Scots in 1018. Archaeologists have discovered human remains belonging to the bronze age about 850 B.C.

King David, I started building Edinburgh in the twelfth century. He first built Margaret's Chapel in honor of his mother, Queen Margaret (later a saint), who died in 1093, days after her husband King Malcolm III and their son were killed in battle. It is said she was so grief-stricken she died of a broken heart. Queen Margaret was also known as the 'Pearl of Scotland.'

Margaret was known for her charity with the poor and children, and her devotion to the church. Her husband so admired her dedication he decorated her book in gold and silver. Her prayer book is on display in the Bodielan Library, Oxford, England. Margaret's Chapel was restored in the 19th century and refurbished in the 1990s. It was also the only structure to be saved when Robert the Bruce captured the castle in 1314.

Over the years, the castle has housed many different Royals, has had numerous sieges resulting in changes of ownership. It has gone through revisions and reconstructions. Today, Edinburgh Castle is an extraordinary historical palace open for visitors. It has been replaced as a Royal Palace by the building of Holyrood Palace. Holyrood was built from the Abbey started by King David I, then King James IV converted it into Royal Chambers. Again, renovations were added by James V, James VI, and Charles II.


St. Margaret's Chapel
St. Margaret's Chapel
Interior St. Margaret's Chapel
Interior St. Margaret's Chapel

Short Timeline of Edinburgh Castle

  • 1295 Edward I invades Scotland
  • 1314 Robert the Bruce captures Edinburgh
  • 1350 David's Tower built for Royal residence
  • 1440 The Black Dinner
  • 1510 The Great Hall built by King James IV
  • 1566 Mary, Queen of Scots gives birth to King James VI
  • 1571 Lang Seige, David's Tower destroyed
  • 1650 Oliver Cromwell invades Scotland
  • 1707 Act of Union, Scotland, and England join to become Great Britain
  • 1818 Sir Walter Scott discovers Scotland's jewels, Honours


1440 Black Dinner
1440 Black Dinner

1440 Black Dinner

A special invite to dinner was made to the sixteen-year-old Earl of Douglas and his younger brother to dine with ten-year-old King James II. Sir William Crichton and Alexander Livingston were troubled with the power of the Douglases. During the dinner, a tray with the head of a black bull was placed on the table. This was the sign of death. The boys were dragged out to the courtyard, held a trial, and were beheaded before young King James. Shortly after that, Clan Douglas attacked the castle.

The Great Hall of Edinburgh Castle

The Great Hall was built by King James IV. The craftsmanship was superb, and the ceiling was done in hand-crafted wood. So that he could spy on anyone, he had holes made around the room known as 'lairds lugs.' Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev was set to visit in 1984, and hearing about the holes, and he insisted they be bricked closed. And, in 1650, when Oliver Cromwell invaded Scotland, he turned the Great Hall into a barracks.

Great Hall
Great Hall

Notes about Edinburgh Castle

There have been ghosts in the castle that are still supposedly heard. One is about the headless drummer boy who strolled around the castle without his head, and no one knows who he was or where he came from. Then, there is the ghost of the lone piper. Secret tunnels are throughout the castle, and the keepers wanted to find out where they went, so they had the little piper go into the tunnel blowing his pipes so they could trace his steps. Suddenly, the pipes stopped. A rescue party was sent in to look for him, yet he had vanished and was never seen again. Some swear they hear the pipes even today.

Over the years, the Palace has been ransacked numerous times, has held prisoners held in the dungeons, the birth of a king, ghosts, jewels lost, and regained. Hundreds of witches burned at the stake just outside the castle. Years and years of medieval history.

Each year two million visitors wander through Edinburgh Castle. It is a massive tour and can take 2-3 hours to see it all. The Castle remains one of the most visited in all of Scotland.

Holyrood Castle 1778
Holyrood Castle 1778
Holyrood Castle, 19th Century
Holyrood Castle, 19th Century

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • surovi99 profile image

      Rosina S Khan 

      9 months ago

      Fran, a new article, Part-27 of my story series "Keily, the Bookworm" has been published. Hopefully, you will read it and leave your valuable feedback. Here is the link:

      https://letterpile.com/serializations/Keily-the-Bo...

    • surovi99 profile image

      Rosina S Khan 

      9 months ago

      Fran, a new article, Part-26 of my story series "Keily, the Bookworm" has been published. Hopefully you will read it and leave your valuable feedback. Here is the link:

      https://letterpile.com/serializations/Keily-the-Bo...

    • powers41 profile imageAUTHOR

      fran rooks 

      9 months ago from Toledo, Ohio

      Thanks for reading Rosina. I think a visit would be awesome.

    • surovi99 profile image

      Rosina S Khan 

      9 months ago

      It was nice to know the history of Edinburgh Castle. Also felt good to know it is a visiting place in current times in Scotland where one can tour for hours. Great article, Fran.

    • surovi99 profile image

      Rosina S Khan 

      9 months ago

      It was nice to know the history of Edinburgh Castle. Also felt good to know it is a visiting place in current times in Scotland where one can tour for hours. Great article, Fran.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://corp.maven.io/privacy-policy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)