- Education and Science»
- History & Archaeology»
- Ancient History»
- Greek & Roman History
Sermon on the Mountain: the Greatest Sermon ever Preached: part 1
Sermon on the Mountain: part 1: the first pericope
Many times readers have followed my discourses, as I expound upon biblical scriptures, considering my composition more useful that concordances of the Bible. I do not suggest that readers do this. My work does not take the place of a concordance. Reading my work may be useful as one contemplates one's Bible study, but my opinions are simply that, my opinions.
It is going to take me a good amount of time to get through the entire Sermon on the Mountain. This sermon consists of 5 discourses, that are found in the Gospel of Matthew (chapters 5,6, and 7). Moral teachings are found in this sermon. I plan to take the sermon on, pericope by pericope, without any idea how many weeks it is going to take me to get through the whole sermon writing this way. Those who read every hub (article) that I write on this sermon will experience a excellent study of the Sermon on the Mountain. At least, this is my hope.
I will be using the text conformable to that of the edition of the Bible of 1611 C.E., commonly known as the AUTHORIZED or KING JAMES' VERSION.
The first verse of chapter 5 starts out by stating, "And seeing the multitudes, he went up into the a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him,"
then verses 2 through 12 reads,"
and he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying,
Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven,
Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.
Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.
Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.
Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.
Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God.
Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.
Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.
These verses, which are familiar to most Christians who are somewhat versed in New Testament scripture, are called the Beatitudes. They are colorfully written and start with "Blessed are." They run from verse 3 to verse 11.
It amazes me that Jesus had to, firstly, go up into a mountain and then "get himself set." How many of you have ever climbed a mountain? I climbed a mountain four times. When I was living in Japan, for 4 years, I climbed Mount Fuji every year. I will never for get the experiences. The mountain I climbed is 12,000 feet high. That's not the tallest mountain in the world, by any means, but it is a very difficult climb. One never knows what kind of weather one will encounter when one climbs a mountain. The weather can actually change on you, as you climb, going from, rainy, to windy, to snowy, to lightening, from light to dark, or from dark to light. The experience is an adverse, hostile experience. And once one "goes up into a mountain," one finds one's self having to get set, in order to complete any work (Jesus found himself faced with having to prepare himself, physically and psychologically, to preach a major sermon). Yes, Jesus, even though he was 30 something years old in his life, at the time of preaching this sermon, found himself tired. So, he needed a little time to get set, to get ready, in other words, before delivering this major sermon, which was his greatest ever.
I do not feel that I need to take the time to address each point of the these first 12 verses of his sermon, verse by verse. The Beatitudes are fairly self-explanatory. One can easily google any online concordance of the Bible to learn more about the Beatitudes, and many churches run major studies on just the Beatitudes. People love the Beatitudes. They are colorful and makes one feel good as one reads them.