Shah Jahan was the most significant builder among the Mughal emperors
Architecture of the Mughals
Mughal Architecture In Delhi
Marble Pavilions(Bardaris) Built By Shah Jahan
The domain of architecture
It was in the domain of architecture that the Mughal made their most were impressive contribution to India culture. They were great builders and their buildings were masterpieces. Babur utilise the services of Indian stone – cutters in constructing buildings. Most of those buildings have perished since then. Humayun did not have a prominent architectural monument built during his regin. His troubled reign left him little opportunity to indulge in such activity. Sher Shah introduced a more refined and dignified style than what has prevailed earlier. He built his own tomb at Sasaram in Bihar. That is one of the best designed buildings in India.
Akbar's tolerant spirit artistic sense gave full play to Persian and Hindu influences. He used red sandstone, a very hard material, and worked wonders with it.
One of the earliest building of Akbar's reign is the tomb of Humayun at Delhi built under the instructions of Humayun's widow Hamida Banu Begum. The tomb, built of sandstone and marble, has notable features of Persian architecture but is also influenced by traditional Indian art.
The central building stands on a 6.5 metre high terrace. The main structure is built in the middle of this vast platform. The interior of the building has a group of compartments, octagonal in plan. The bulbous dome of the tomb was an innovation as it consists of two shells with an appreciable space between them. The outer shell of the dome supports the white marble casing of the exterior. The inner shell of the dome forms the vaulted ceiling of the main hall of the interior.
Freedom of worship was allowed of the followers of all religions. The Hindus were allowed to construct and repair their temples. The Sikh saints were probably donated land to construct the Golden Temple at Amritsar. The Christians were given permission to build a chapel at Agra.
Taj Mahal at Agra
Mughal King Shah Jahan
Contribution of Shah Jahan
Shah Jahan's reign was an era of peace and prosperity. He used the vast resources of the state to build the city of Shahjahanabad (now known as old Delhi), Red Fort, the Jama Masjid (all in Delhi), the Moti Masjid and the famous Taj Mahal Mahal (both in Agra).
Contribution of Shah Jahan
Shah Jahan was the most significant builder among the Mughal emperors. In his time art of building in India reached its zenith of perfection. He has been called the Engineer King and the prince of builders. He made liberal use of marble in his buildings which are unequalled in beauty and skilful decoration. They may be regarded as `Jewel caskets magnified into architecture'. He spent crores of rupees on the construction of buildings in various parts of his empire. Delhi and Agra, however, share the best of his buildings. In Delhi the most important buildings are the Jama Masjid and the Red Fort.
Red Fort was built at Delhi. Construction began in the year 1639, and it was completed in the year 1648 AD.
Shah Jahan added the Diwan – i – Am, the Diwan – i – Khas and the Moti Masjid to the buildings of the Agra fort. All were executed in marble.
The famous of the Jama Masjid. There are three great domes of white marble surmounted by golden spires. The minarets are made of sandstone stripe with white marbles. The minarets rise to the height of 30 feet. Its three big gates are reached by flights of red sandstone steps. The mosque courtyard (300 feet square can accommodate twenty thousand men at prayer times.
Taj Mahal at Agra is a wonderful construction in India. It is a beautiful architecture. It was built by great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
The mausoleum is constructed on a high plinth. The lower portion of the main building is square in plan. It rises to a height of 32. 4 meter and is surmounted by cupolas in each corner. The interior and exterior of the mausoleum are richly carved and decorated with inlay work, screens and calligraphy. A minaret in three stages, surmounted by a kiosk, rise from the plinth in all the four corners. The main structure is surrounded by ornamental gardens, fountains and pools.