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Should I Go to Graduate School?

Updated on July 2, 2011
Photo by ideologie
Photo by ideologie

Making the decision to go graduate school or not seems monumental. For many, it's a decision to dedicate several years and, depending on the circumstances, thousands of dollars to the pursuit of a degree that may or may not pay off or lead you down a path you truly enjoy.

Technically, all education beyond a Bachelor's degree is considered graduate education. This includes medical (MD), law (JD), and business (MBA) school, but for most of us, "graduate school" means pursuing a Master's or PhD degree in an academic (versus professional) discipline.

If you're someone who is 200 percent sure that academia is their "calling," then the decision to go to graduate school is easy. If you're someone who barely scraped by in undergrad, then it's easy too. (The answer is "no" case you're wondering.) But, like most people, you probably fall somewhere in between: Good grades, an appreciation of learning, a sense that you'd like to stick with this "student lifestyle" for a bit longer, and a vague idea that maybe you'd prefer an academic career to a "real world" one.

In that case, you need two things: a reality check of what grad school is really like and some soul searching of what kind of environment you thrive in and what your interests are.

First, the reality check. I arrived at grad school in the fall of 2006 with little idea of what to expect. I figured, I enjoyed my college experience, I didn't much care for that whole career thing when I took a year off after graduation, and I didn't really mind the stuff that student life was made of (namely, lots of reading and writing). So to grad school I went, and boy was I unprepared for what awaited me!

Reality Check #1: Grad school is not college 2.0.

I'm not going to preach about the work load, because you've probably heard all about that. You know, a book a week, or 100+ pages in dense academic articles. For each class. That's a given. I'm going to talk about the stress. Because grad school is not a walk in the park. It's not parties and sleeping in and cramming your reading in 20 minutes before class. In other words, it's not college 2.0.

Something that few people realize is that, when you're a grad student, you're viewed as a colleague, more than a student. You're a bona-fide thinker in your chosen discipline, and with that status comes the expectation to contribute. You'll hear that word a lot in grad school, and you'll inevitably feel like every comment you make and every paper you write needs to be a valuable addition to the conversations happening in your field. That's a lot of pressure! Which brings me to my second point...

Reality Check #2: You will feel stupid, pretty much all the time, for at least your first year.

If you've never heard of the imposter syndrome, look it up, because it runs rampant in grad school. In a nutshell, it's the feeling that you're not qualified and at any minute someone will find out that you have no idea what you're doing. I've likened the first year of grad school to hanging on to the back of a speeding train, because it just feels like everyone knows more than you and you're desperately trying to catch up. People will use words that you've never heard of and reference theories and scholars with the conviction that everyone really should know what or who they are.

This means that, in addition to the staggering work load each course will heap on you, you'll have lots of reading to do on your own to figure out what the heck everyone else already seems to have figured out.

Bottom line is, you won't measure up. You can't measure up, which is why stressing out over your inedquacies during this time is a fruitless exercise in frustration. But if you can deal with this kind of a learning curve, go forth and study!

Reality Check #3: You will be poor.

For those of you that are lucky enough to get a scholarship (many graduate programs these days offer full rides, plus stipends in exchange for your teaching assistance), you'll be living large to the tune of about $1,500 per month. Exact amounts vary based on schools and areas of study, but grad students are paid just about enough to scrape by.

Many of you will, in fact, be in debt as the scholarship gods did not smile on you and, instead, the student loan demons have you in their grasp. Generally, I would not advise anyone to go into debt over a graduate degree in the Humanities or Social Sciences. These are difficult to convert into high-paying careers (that includes a career in academia), so your loans may be a tough burden to bear down the road. Degrees in the sciences are a bit more lucrative, as there is lots of industry money thrown around for research and development.

Either way, don't underestimate the power of poverty to make you seriously question your choice to go to graduate school. For example, when your consultant roommate -- even though she works crazy hours and has to wear suits -- makes 4 times what you do, the "real world" starts looking pretty good.

So, what can an aspiring grad student do to make a good decision? As the Greeks say, "know thyself!" Or, you know, read some career books and take a year off. That's what I did.

Knowing Thyself Tip #1: Take a year off.

I made the decision to pursue my PhD the year after graduating college. I wanted to take some time to try out a conventional career and decide whether further education was really what I wanted. I got a swanky job at a swanky marketing firm and...hated it almost immediately. It took me about 4 weeks of business casual, inane meetings, and coffee-fetching to figure out that this work thing was not for me.

But in the spirit of good decision making, I looked around for a better job and gave it another try. This time, I got a gig that I thought I would love at a small travel agency. The first few months were great -- I was learning a lot and my co-workers were friendly. But a little while later, things started to sour. My independent working style clashed with my boss's expectations. My habit of deeply researching a topic didn't fit the fast-paced reality of the business world. Basically, I realized that the things that made me a good student made me a bad employee. I could either change or stick with what I liked and felt comfortable with. So the grad school decision was made.

The moral of the story is that I'm a big advocate of making decisions where the alternatives are relatively known. I knew the academic world pretty well, but I had to figure out what working in the real world involved and how much I needed to change to succeed there. In making that decision, I also read a lot of career books that helped me clarify what my interests, skills, and working style were. Which, concidentally, is...

Knowing Thyself Tip #2: What's your career personality?

There are 3 books that helped me tremedously on my way to figuring out that (and why) I should to go grad school.

  • Do What You Are, by Paul Tieger and Barbara Barron-Tieger
  • I Could Do Anything If Only I Knew What It Was, by Barbara Sher
  • I Don't Know What I Want But I Know It's Not This, by Julie Jansen

If you only read one, read the first one. If you read two, read the first two. And so on. At the end of the day, deciding whether you'd be happy in grad school requires knowing your working style and what kind of environment you thrive in.

So good luck to all of you with your grad school decision making -- I hope you'll find happiness wherever you end up!


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      Emini 5 years ago

      Thanks ManekiNeko for this hub. It's really a great guide in aiding one make the decision between career and academia and what to expect. I've been trying hard at this decision and wasn't so sure if I really wanted to go to graduate school or be an independent engineer as I'm very good in academia but felt a career might be greater for me. I'd try to get the books you've recommended.


    • profile image

      Kirby Mosenthal 5 years ago

      Loved this Hub! I just took 6 months to travel after graduating from college and I am now about to start graduate school. Your Hub definitely gave me a heads up about what to expect!

    • Eco_Ali profile image

      Eco_Ali 6 years ago from Central New Jersey ~Trenton/Princeton area

      You really nailed it all in this Hub. I couldnt stand the thought of spending six more years in my dead end, stress filled, hostile environment government job before I'd have enough time in to retire so I decided to try getting a grad degree in liberal studies so maybe I could teach someday. I am one who really enjoyed academia and suprisingly found opportunities to use my Bachelor of Science in Environmental Studies in both learning and teaching venues. I taught one semester of soil science at the county college, several months of substitute teaching in my community and a few short courses in horticulture. So when I was looking for a way out of my current job, I first thought I'd love to teach so I went for that MA in liberal studies. Just as you so aptly described, not long into the first semester, I hit the "I'm not qualified, I'm not a thinker and everyone will know" syndrome. Even worse, now I am $28,000 in debt which will most likely use up all my valuable deferred comp account!!

      All in all though, once I fell into the deep thinking rythm with my cohorts, the discussions became more lively and meaningful and in all honesty, my essays were rather good. I actually got A's on almost every assignment (2 B's for being late). It was very much a confidence builder. So even if I am deep in debt and dont ever find a job, what all this learning did for my postmenopausal sense of self worth and mind expansion is so much better than anything I have ever felt before.

      So thanks for writing this Hub and really putting my feelings about my grad experience into the perfect words!! (Wish I had thought of this first!!) LOL!!

    • xxfourthelement profile image

      xxfourthelement 6 years ago from Ohio, USA

      Thanks for this article. I'll be graduating in a year and a half, but graduate school is not far away - I have to take the tests and apply in the fall. I've been so stressed out about applying, but this article really put the whole situation into perspective.

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      Ken 6 years ago

      Thank you so much. THis is what exactly I'm looking for. I am currently in my final year and my results are neither here nor there. Just an average student with a passion for learning.

    • glassvisage profile image

      glassvisage 8 years ago from Northern California

      This is exactly what I needed! I've been contemplating grad school for the past year, since I graduated, and I'm finally starting to feel like it could be for me. (I was a great student, too, but it's a matter of the line of work that I plan to go in... I wasn't sure if a master's would be necessary or even beneficial). Your tips are great and really give insight into what grad school would be like.

    • jdnyc profile image

      JR 8 years ago from California

      Welcome to HubPages! I finished a Masters degree myself a few years ago, and your list of tips would have been very beneficial going in. Hopefully there are others who can benefit from your advice. What would have been most useful is financial advice, so I'm glad you mentioned that.

    • zcat8 profile image

      zcat8 8 years ago

      <!-- @page { size: 21.59cm 27.94cm; margin: 2cm } P { margin-bottom: 0.21cm } -->

      Excellent article; anyone contiplating grad school should read it. The decision is easy for the nataurally gifted (or very ungifted) student, but the bulk of society falls somewhere in the middle, where ambiguity reigns.