ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Some idioms and phrases relating to Greek mythology

Updated on January 29, 2016

World History Timeline Ancient Greek


Ancient Greeks built strong city

Many great artists, thinkers and sculptors came to Athens and thrived

It started in the form of epic songs, collected by the poet, Homer, in Iliad and the odyssey. The flourishing city – states of ancient Greece provided the perfect setting for art and literature of thrive.

Ancient Greeks built strong city –states such as Sparta and Athens. Sparta was a military state and its brave soldiers formed the most powerful army in Greece. Young boys left their homes when they were seven years old to begin their military training. Men had to serve in the army until they were sixty years old.

Athens became a great democracy and the assembly of Athenians made law in order to deal with social relationships, trade agreements, crime and so on. Athens became especially prosperous from 500 to 430 BC. It was a period of great writing and learning, and Athens the centre of Greek civilization and culture. Many great artists, thinkers and sculptors came to Athens and thrived.

The Parthenon is regarded as the supreme achievement of Greek architecture-this temple still stands atop the Acropolis. The temple took 15 years to build and was dedicated to Athena, the guardian goddess of Athens.

The ancient Greeks believed that their Gods looked like human beings and experienced human emotions that led them to fall in love and quarrel. People also thought that Gods had magical powers and were immortal. The gods were thought to influence human life and were kept busy with requests for help, from curing illness to ensuring a victory in war. Individual made sacrifices, left offerings for them and prayed to them.

The ancient Greeks had different gods and goddesses, one for each aspect of human life. Zeus was the king of Gods who ruled over earth and heaven from Mount Olympus. This mountain is located on the border with Macedonia. Hera was his wife and she was the goddess of women and marriage. Athena was the goddess of wisdom, courage and victory.

`Trojan horse’ means hidden danger

This derives from the event of the Trojan horse in Greek history.
This derives from the event of the Trojan horse in Greek history. | Source

There was a great rivalry among the city

Time period: 500 BC-338 BC

Places: two city-states of ancient Greece –Athens and Sparta

Even after three thousand years, the ancient Greek Legacy survives in art, literature, philosophy and science. The origin of democracy, medieval mathematics and science can all be traced back to golden age of Athens when there was a high level of achievement in very field.

There was a great rivalry among the city –states, especially between Athens and Sparta which eventually led to a war to rule Greece in 431 BC. Finally, Macedonian power was established in 338 BC and the golden period of ancient Greece came to an end.

`To lead a Spartans life’ that is the meaning of `to lead a simple life, because the Spartans were traditionally indifferent to comfort and luxury.

`Achilles’ heel’ refers to the one weakness, flaw or vulnerable point in person’s otherwise strong character.

`Beware of Greeks bearing gifts’ means to be suspicious of presents or to be on one’s guard against `treachery in the guise of gift.’ This derives from the event of the Trojan horse in Greek history.

`Trojan horse’ means hidden danger or something intended to hide someone’s true intentions or secret purposes.

Epic songs: a poem which is long and has a lot of action, usually dealing with a historical subject.

Legacy: something that is part of your history or which stays from an earlier time.

Parthenon: the temple of Athena built on the acropolis in 447 -432 BC.

Acropolis: a fortified part of ancient Athens built on a hill. 

Immortal: lasting for ever


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)