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Spanish Lesson Two: Greetings And Responses
Before You Read
Hey guys! It's that time of the week again. I'm going to start Lesson Two: Greetings and Responses today to get a good deal of the basics out of the way. Before You Read, take a moment to read Lesson One: Learning A Little At A Time. I also want to hear any feedback from the homework from Lesson One. So Here's Lesson Two, first let me add on to the last lesson.
Below are some other characters you will commonly see in the Spanish language. I will then explain how to pronounce those characters. The follow words have a Diacritic (Accent Mark) on the top of the letters, asking that you stress the sound of the letter a bit more when using it:
Á- Long Spanish "a" sound
É- Long Spanish "e" sound
Í- Long Spanish "i" sound
Ó- Long Spanish "o" sound
Ú- Long Spanish "u" sound
Pronounce These Words:
Tomás: Spanish equivalence to "Thomas"
Hielo: Ice (the H is silent in this case)
Cacahuate: Peanut (The hu combination creates a "w" effect)
Define These Words:
Easy Greetings For Beginners
So in an earlier section I taught you about accented letters in words to help you understand their meaning. It's really not too difficult, just stress that vowel sound a little more than normal. When you say "i" is sounds like an "e"... just stress that "e" sound a little longer and you'll get the sound associated with the accented i, which is í. Here are some easy greetings to get you going! Try these out with a friend or a native speaker if you want. Remember, we're learning "A Little At A Time." Here are two basic questions you'll be greeted with when speaking Spanish with others:
¡Hola!- Hello! (When excited, you'll use an exclamation mark just like in English. You'll have that upside down one to begin your sentence.)
¿Cómo estás?- How are you? (Note that there are accented vowels in both words. Make sure you pronounce those to maintain the meaning of your question. Also note the upside down "?" that starts the sentence. This is how all questions in Spanish are formatted.)
¿Qué pasa?- What's happening? (English equivalent to "what's up". Also note that the "u" is silent in the first word, so pronounce it as if the letter "u" does no exist. It is the literal sound of the letter "k" in English)
You can also say...
Buenos días- Good morning (note the accent over the "i" in "días")
Buenos tardes- Good afternoon
Buenos noches- Good evening
How To Respond
¿Cómo estás?- This question is asking "how are you?" Like English we're going to answer this the same way by telling us how we're doing right here and now. Usually we're...
Quite well- Bastante bien
Very well- Muy bien
So so- Asi asi
Sick- Enfermo (if you're a male)/ Enferma (if you're a female)
Tired- Cansado (if you're a male)/ Cansada (if you're a female)
Don't forget to say Thank You! Gracias is the word for this.
If you want to say "I am" to sound more formal, use the word "Estoy" for "I am..."
Be nice, ask them how they are too!! Ask...
¿Y tú?- And you? (Use this when talking among friends and family)- "Y" takes on a "long e" sound when standing alone.
¿Y usted?- And you? (Use this when speaking to your elders and among people you hold in high regard.)
¿Qué pasa?- Just like in English, answer this by saying what's up. Here are some simple responses.
Nothing much- Nada mucho
Same 'ol, same 'ol- Lo mismo
You can also ask ¿Qué hay de nueva?- What's new? in place of ¿Qué pasa?
Note: There will be more responses to these questions as we continue on in learning Spanish "A Little At A Time" so keep up with the lessons to learn more!! Next week we're going to continue simple conversational Spanish and get to know the person we're talking to and asking them What is your name? Where are you from?How old are you? And more!!
Ending The Conversation
When you want to end the conversation you can say these simple phrases. The words in parenthesis represent the literal Spanish translation for your notes:
Good night- Buenos noches
Until later- Hasta luego
See you (until) soon- Hasta pronto
Until next time- Hasta La Vista
Have (that you have) a good day- Que tengas un buen dia
Goodbye- Adíos/ Chao
Your homework is pretty easy, just make a conversation with what you learned. You don't have to write it or turn it in, just get a good idea of how simple conversations can take place. Thanks for much for reading and Hasta La Vista!! :)