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State Facts for Kids: Alabama

Updated on September 4, 2015

The state of Alabama is located in the Southern United States. It ranks 23rd in the nation for population size and 30th in land area size.

Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird. Alabama is also known as the Heart of Dixie and the Cotton State. The state tree is the Longleaf Pine. The state flower is the Camellia. The capital city is Montgomery. The most populated city is Birmingham, which is also the most industrialized city. The largest city based on total land area is Huntsville. The oldest city Mobile was founded by French colonists.

State Capital: Montgomery

State Abbreviation: AL

State Nickname: The Yellowhammer State

State Bird: Yellowhammer

State Motto: We Dare Maintain Our Rights

Bordering States: Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee

Joined the Union: Alabama became the 22nd state of the United States on December 14, 1819

Alabama flag and state seal
Alabama flag and state seal


Alabama has a population of 4,822,023 people. About 70% of state residents are white and 26% are African American. About 3% of the people were born outside the United States. 17.6% of the population of the state lives in poverty.


Alabama has mild weather all year long. Winter temperatures can range from a high of 10°C (50°F) and a low of 0°C (32°F). In summer, the temperature can range from a high of 33°C (90°F) and a low of 21°C (70°F). The tornado season is between March and May. Mobile, Alabama is one of the wettest cities in the country. It gets about 5 feet (1.524 meters) of rainfall each year.

A lake at the base of Mount Cheaha
A lake at the base of Mount Cheaha


Alabama is 52,419 sq miles (135,765 sq km) in size. It shares borders with four states and the Gulf of Mexico. It borders Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Mississippi to the west and Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south.

  • Cheaha Mountain is the highest peak. It's part of the Talladega Mountains.
  • The Cahaba River is the longest river.
  • Lake Guntersville is the largest lake. It was formed from the construction of the Guntersville Dam, which is a hydroelectric dam. Hydroelectric dams are used to create electricity.
  • Geneva State Forest is the largest state forest. It's mainly a pine forest used for timber.

Rosa Parks Bio

Some Famous People from Alabama

No U.S. presidents were born in Alabama. But some famous people you will enounter as you study history were.

Rosa Parks was an African American woman who refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus to a white man. Her refusal led to a bus boycott that brought about the end of racial segregation on buses.

Helen Keller was blind, deaf and mute (she couldn't speak) from the time she was a toddler. A teacher named Anne Sullivan taught her how to communicate with others. She went on to graduate from college and become an activist for the rights of women and disabled people.

Harper Lee wrote a famous book called To Kill a Mockingbird. It's about the racism she saw when she was growing up in Alabama.

Map of Alabama
Map of Alabama


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