Step-by-Step Guide to Teaching Reading to Beginners
Everything you do needs a plan. The same is true when teaching reading to young kids.
You always start with step 1.
Start with letter recognition and make emphasis on the sound of the letter.
Always start with the vowels, a, e, I, o, u. This is necessary because the child must know the sound of each vowel sound before teaching the consonants. When you proceed to the consonants, you can then mix them to the vowels and form the syllables.
Always start with letter Aa.
Show a flash card with a letter Aa. The best flash card is something that is big enough for the child to enjoy, without pictures so that the attention of the child will be focused on the letter only. We have experienced that flashcards with pictures could easily distract the attention of the child. The pictures could follow because you have to teach the child also the things that begin with Aa. You can use three-dimensional objects, real objects or pictures when presenting the lesson to the child; that way, the child will understand the lesson better.
Show the flash card and introduce the letter Aa, then say the sound of Aa.
Say, “This is letter Aa.” Let the child say the letter then follow it with the sound by saying, “The sound of Aa is ahhh. Use a sign with the sound. Like closing your fingers together then opening them slowly to imitate an opening mouth. The child can absorb and retain the lesson with some actions.
Reminder – Always keep the lessons for the young kids interesting.
Once you have introduced the letter with the sound, present now the objects that begin with letter Aa. This is important because the child should know the things and names that begin with Aa. What you need are materials that begin with Aa. You can use real things, tri-dimensional objects, or pictures. It is important that the child will have a good grasp of the lesson by presenting these things.
With the things ready, you can start by saying, “All these things begin with Aa and the sound of Aa is aaah, and apple begins with Aa.” Show all the things to the child and each time you show a thing you should say,”______________ begins with Aa.”
Show and Tell
Show and tell is one of the best methods when teaching young children about the letters of the alphabet. You can show a picture using flashcards. A better option is a three-dimensional object that looks real. You can also use real objects depending on the availability of the materials.
Let the children name the objects but always emphasizing the sound of Aa.
Make sure that all your materials are ready before starting the lesson. Distractions make young children restless. This will interrupt the flow of teaching.
Young children have very short span of interest.
After presenting all the things that begin with Aa; you can now let the child trace letter Aa. You don’t expect a child to know how to trace or write the letter unless you have taught the child in advance. So, we will assume that the child does not know how to write yet and you get the child to trace the letter Aa. Always teach the correct strokes when writing each letter.
Tracing will help the child understand the letter of the day better.
After tracing letter Aa, you can use other activity sheets such as coloring the pictures that begin with letter Aa. It is important to use different activity sheets for the child so that the child could recognize the letter. One more thing, it is also important to use the upper and lower case letters. Of course, you have to tell the child that they are the same. I use the words mama A and baby a, for a more relatable presentation of the letters. Your flash card should also bear the upper and lower case letters. This is to let the child get used to the differences.
We limit our lesson to one letter a week. This is true in our learning center. But for special tutors that you can have one on one; you can give it three days for one letter. It is very important for the child to know the sound before proceeding to the next letter.
Follow the procedure for teaching letter Aa, when teaching letters Ee, Ii, Oo, and Uu.
It is always important to give as many activities to the children as possible so that they will have a better grasp of the lesson.
© 2018 Felisa Daskeo