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Updated on October 13, 2009

Incessant rains caused flood waters to rise up to third floor of buildings


Tropical Storm Ondoy (international name Ketsana) lashed over Metro Manila and parts of Luzon after it made landfall near the boundary of Aurora and Quezon Saturday morning, September 26. More than 319,881 families or 1,872,036 persons were affected by massive floods in Metro Manila, Bulacan, Pampanga, Batangas, Laguna, Rizal, and Camarines Sur.

The National Disaster Coordinating Council reported that 240 people died in the National Capital Region (101), CAR (3), Region III (37), and Region IV-A (99). Reports confirmed  37 people remain missing in Kabayan, Benguet (1); Tanay, Rizal (20); Infanta, Pangasinan (9); and Arayat, Pampanga (2).

In Metro Manila, over 100,000 people from over 900 villages (barangays) were evacuated after incessant rains caused heavy flooding in Manila, Marikina, Malabon, Muntinlupa, Makati, Pasay, Pasig, Valenzuela, San Juan and Quezon City. Flood waters in some areas have already reached the second and third floors of buildings, forcing residents to seek refuge on the roof of their houses. A total of 50 road sections were also left impassable to vehicles due to raging flood waters, leaving thousands of commuters stranded.

In Bulacan, 113 villages (baranggays) in Marilao, Meycuayan, San Miguel and Bocaue Sta Maria, Calumpit, Bustos and Norzagaray were heavily flooded. In Pampanga, 64 barangays in San Simon, Guagua, Masantol, Apalit, Lubao, Porac, Sto Tomas and San Fernando.

In Rizal, several Villages were inundated and 5,000 families were affected by rising floodwaters. Many villages were not accessible to the rescue teams, leaving several families trapped on rooftops.

Landslides occurred in Mt Province-Cagayan via Tabuk in CAR; Brgy. San Juan-Banyo, Arayat, Pampanga in Region III; Brgy. Bongalon, Sangay, Camarines Sur in Region V; Tagaytay-Taal Road, and Tagaytay-Talisay Road in Cavite; and Antipolo-Teresa Road and Sumulong Highway in Rizal.

The total cost of damages has already reached P108.9M. The damage to infrastructure has reached P108.7M; and to agriculture P212,537.

The Secretary of National Defense declared a State of National Calamity in the following areas in view of the extensive effects of Tropical Storm “Ondoy”:

- The whole of National Capital Region (NCR)

- CAR: Mt.Province, Ifugao and Benguet

- Region I: Pangasinan, La Union and Ilocos Sur

- Region II: Isabela, Quirino and Nueva Vizcaya

- Region III: Aurora, Nueva Ecija, Zambales, Pampanga, Bulacan, Tarlac and Bataan

- Region IV-A: Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal, Quezon

- Region IV-B: Mindoro (Occidental and Oriental) and Marinduque

- Region V: Catanduanes, Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur

Affected Population by Tropical Storm KETSANA OR TYPHOON ONDOY.

The National Disaster Coordinating Council reports that there are 939 villages with 319, 881 families and 1, 872,036 persons that were directly affected by Ketsana.


The CITIZENS’ DISASTER RESPONSE CENTER is a non-government organization that pioneered and continues to promote community-based disaster management in the Philippines. CDRC operates nationwide through a network of regional centers affiliated with the Citizens’ Disaster Response Network and through people’s organizations. Organized in 1984, CDRC focuses its assistance to the most affected, least served and most vulnerable sectors of the population through preparedness and mitigation, emergency relief, and rehabilitation programs.

Right after the typhoon, CDRC and its Regional Centers immediately conducted a Damages, Needs and Capacities Assessment (DNCA) in the affected areas.

Of the total number of affected families, the most vulnerable were carefully identified, taking into account the gravity of destruction, their economic capacity to cope, their accessibility to relief services conducted by other agencies, and their willingness to help themselves. On the basis of these criteria, 16,180 families have been short-listed as the most vulnerable families from among the total affected.

The above-mentioned communities are among the worst affected by the typhoon and floods. Their houses were destroyed by the floods, and many of these areas are still difficult to access and therefore receive very little assistance if any. Immediate needs are food supply augmentation and other essential non-food items.

Needs include:

  • food provisions
  • water supply
  • medicines (for common colds and diarrhea)
  • clothes
  • bedding (mats, blankets)
  • plastic sheet
  • kitchen utensils
  • sanitary napkins


On the basis of the aforementioned, the project’s overall objective is aimed at helping alleviate the suffering of 16,180 vulnerable families and arrest the further deterioration of their conditions. Specifically, the project is hoped to: a) augment food supply and help address the problem of hunger and susceptibility to illness by distributing food and non-food relief items; b) to harness the resources of the less vulnerable sectors and to promote solidarity with vulnerable sectors through volunteer mobilization c) to conduct psychosocial first aid to the most affected population


  1. Relief delivery operation of food and non-food items to the most affected residents.
  2. Conduct psychosocial first aid to the most affected population of children and women.
  3. Mobilization of affected population for the relief operation in their communities.


A relief team composed of 2 staff members from each regional centers and another two from the CDRC shall directly manage the relief operation. The regional partner for each region are the following:

l NCR - Community Response for Enlightenment, Service and Transformation (CREST)

l Region III - Alay Bayan Incorporated (ABI)

l Region IV-A - Southern Tagalog People's ResponseCenter (STPRC)

The relief team shall be responsible for the purchasing, repacking, hauling and distribution of relief goods. The beneficiaries shall help in the area preparation, beneficiary identification, repacking and distribution.

Based on the Damages, Needs and Capacities Assessment (DNCA) conducted in areas affected by the tropical storm, each relief pack for each family shall contain the following items:

· 10 k rice

· 1 k mongo beans

· 1 k dried fish

· 6 cans sardines

· 500 ml cooking oil

· 1 k sugar

· 1 bar laundry soap

· 1 sleeping mat

· 1 blanket

· 6 meters plastic sheet (according to need)

· kitchen utensils (according to need)

· 1 pack sanitary napkin (for women)

The distribution system shall be spearheaded by the Field and Operations Department (FOD) of CDRC. It will coordinate with the concerned regional centers to ensure that the distribution of food and non-food items is done smoothly. During the actual relief operations CDRC will work with the people's organization (PO) in the community. The PO leaders shall ensure for instance, that instead of everyone lining up, only representatives of committees or clusters (depending on they would divide the area) shall be there. Children and the physically challenged will not line up.

Tents and sandals shall likewise be distributed democratically. The PO has its own way of dividing people, either through clusters or blocks.

A psychosocial first aid in the form of counseling and children’s activities will be conducted to help the survivors cope with their current situation.

A medical check-up will also be launched during the relief delivery operation as a counter part of the regional centers. One local doctor and a health worker will be tapped for this. Medicines for common cold, flu, diarrhea, allergies and skin diseases like antibiotics, cough syrup, ointments, etc. will be solicited for this purpose.

The main outputs of the project are:

1. relief packs are distributed to 16,180 families

2. mats and blankets are distributed to 16,180 families

3. volunteers from NGOs, people’s organizations and the less vulnerable sectors are mobilized by CDRC and regional centers

Table 3. Timeline of the project



Continuing DNCA in target communities/evacuation centers to ensure that the assistance is appropriate.

Sept. 26-30

Formation of the project team and volunteers

Sept. 27-Oct. 1

Selection of beneficiaries and validation of lists at the community level.

Sept. 28-Oct. 2

Canvassing, procurement and distribution of food and non-food items.

Sept. 29-Oct. 3

Public information

Sept. 26-Oct. 5

Post-project assessment


Audit and reporting

December 2009-January 2010


The Field Operations Department (FOD) of the CDRC is the primary unit responsible for the implementation of this project. The FOD Coordinator and the regional designated representatives will head the project team. They will be directly accountable to CDRC’s Management Committee, who will in turn ensure that project objectives are met. The other departments of CDRC will lend support: Research, Public Information Department (RPID) will vigorously release public information and advocacy materials relative to the project; while the Local Partnership Development (LPD) will campaign for quick volunteer and local resource mobilization.

CDRC’s Management Committee will devote at least 2 meetings for the project, i.e at the start to lay down the general project design implementation and at the end to assess the project. The project team will meet at least twice --- at the start and at the end of the project; in-between, consultations will be done via electronic mails and telecommunication facilities. Volunteer meetings will be separately taken care of by CDRC and regional centers.

Monitoring of set activities will be primarily carried out by CDRC’s Field Operation Department.

CDRC will be primarily responsible for the project-end report as well as for financial audit.

Those intereseted in extending support and assistance can send immediate aid to the CDRC.: MAJOR EMERGENCY RELIEF ASSISTANCE FOR THE REGIONS AFFECTED BY TYPHOON ONDOY (KETSANA)

Project Title: Major Emergency Relief Operations in the NCR, and

Regions III and IV-A

Project Sites: Metro Manila, Bulacan, Pampanga, Laguna, and Rizal

Project Beneficiaries: 16,180 families

Project Proponent: Citizens’ Disaster Response Center, Inc. (CDRC)

Lourdes Louella E. Escandor

Executive Director

72-A, Times Street, West Triangle Homes, Quezon City



Local Partners: Community Response for Enlightenment, Service and Transformation (CREST)

Alay Bayan Incorported (ABI)

Southern Tagalog People's ResponseCenter (STPRC)

Total Project Cost: Php 24,264,860.00


Submit a Comment

  • MercuryNewsOnline profile imageAUTHOR


    7 years ago from Toronto, Canada

    Thanks for the comment Lisa. Please get in touch with the Citizens' Disaster Resource Centre (CDRC) as I mentioned in the above article. You can rely on them to give you the proper assistance.

  • profile image

    lisa tibo 

    7 years ago

    we still haven't heard from our son in tanay rizal. is there someone that can help us from that area to see if he is ok? we are in the US. thank you.

    my email is or i'm on facebook, lisa tibo, baltimore, md


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