TAMIL LANGUAGE...AN ANCIENT LANGUAGE தமிழ் ஒரு சரித்திரபூர்வமான மொழி
HISTORY தமிழ் மொழியின் சரித்திரம்
The origins of Tamil, like the other Dravidian languages but unlike most of the other established literary languages of India, are independent of Sanskrit.
Tamil has the oldest literature amongst the Dravidian languages.
The history of the Tamil language may conveniently be divided into three periods,
- Early Tamil, comprising the period between the sixth century before and the sixth century after Christ;
- Mediaeval Tamil, between the sixth century and the twelfth century; and
- Modern Tamil, from the twelfth century down to the present day.
EIGHTEENTH MOST WIDELY SPOKEN LANGUAGE
Tamil is spoken predominantly by Tamils in India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Singapore.
It also has smaller communities of speakers in many other countries like Indonesia, United Kingdom, Canada, Mauritius, Australia, USA, South Africa
It is the eighteenth most spoken language, with over 80 million speakers worldwide.
It is one of the official languages of India, Singapore and Sri Lanka.
WORLD MAP OF MAJOR COUNTRIES WHERE TAMIL IS SPOKEN
தமிழர்கள் வாழும் நாடுகள்
TAMIL TEXT தமிழ் எழுத்துகள்
The earliest known Tamil inscriptions date back to at least 500 BC.
The oldest literary text in Tamil, Tolkāppiyam, was composed around 200 BC.
The Tamil alphabet is is thought to have evolved from the Brahmi script, though some scholars believe that its origins go back to the Indus script.
The alphabet is well suited to writing literary Tamil, centamil. However it is ill-suited to writing colloquial Tamil, koduntamil. During the 19th century, attempts were made to create a written version of the colloquial spoken language. Nowadays the colloquial written language appears mainly in school books and in passages of dialogue in fiction.
- Type of writing system: syllabic alphabet
- Direction of writing: left to right in horizontal lines
- When they appear the the beginning of a syllable, vowels are written as independent letters.
- Some of the non-standard consonant-vowel combinations are not used in official documents.
- The alphabet was originally written on palm leaves. As a result, the letters are made up mainly of curved strokes which didn't rip the leaves.
Used to write:
Tamil, a Dravidian language spoken by around 80 million people in India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Vietnam, Singapore, Canada, the USA, UK and Australia.
It is the first language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, and is spoken by a significant minority of people (2 million) in north-eastern Sri Lanka.