- Education and Science
Amazing Teaching Strategies and Approaches
In making decisions about instructional approaches and strategies, teachers will need to concentrate on curriculum, previous experiences and prior education of the learner. Teachers also need to consider such necessary matters like students’ concerns, learning styles and their developmental stages in choosing research-based instructional approaches and strategies. Selected instructional strategies and methods should be based on learners’ evaluation, which is incorporated with teaching objectives and intended procedures.
Teachers can use ten effective research-based instructional strategies for all subject areas and all grade levels. On the other hand, these instructional strategies will be useful if appropriate techniques for each strategy will be imposed. In other words, these strategies will only be effective if practiced correctly.
The first strategy is through the teaching of vocabulary. According to the research, when students are taught initially about important words, they become more efficient in learning. Some of these important words, which are involved in such lessons, are not understood by the students; unless if these words were first discussed by their teachers before they proceed to their intended lessons. If such necessary words are not understood by these students, therefore they will not understand most of the teacher’s lectures.
The second strategy is composed of different methods such as comparing, contrasting, classifying, analogies and metaphors. These methods are necessary for further analysis of two or more elements regarding their likeness and distinctions. This approach further realizes the content of these items. However, these methods should differ depending on age levels.
The third strategy is summarizing and taking notes.“Summarizing” means transforming necessary information into a concise form. It is important to summarize important details since students tend to get bored if the lecture is very long. Once students are got bored, they tend to be less effective in learning due to loss of enthusiasm to study. Students’ interest is essential for effective learning. Taking notes are both applied for the students and the teacher. Notes for the students serve as their future reference and constant reminder. For teachers, notes serve as their lesson plan and guidance.
The fourth one is strengthening efforts and giving praises. Every teacher should reinforce their efforts in teaching since this will increase their students’ learning effectiveness. Teachers must give praise to their students to increase their eagerness in learning.
The fifth one is through homework and practice. Homework serves as practice for students to intensify their understanding and knowledge in a certain topic. On the other hand, their effectiveness will depend on its quality and the number of times the teacher gives students valuable feedback regarding their homework.
The sixth strategy is the nonlinguistic representation. Knowledge is usually accumulated in two types, linguistic and imagery. (Profound Knowledge Resources 2000) Nonlinguistic representations include graphics, pictures, and other images, both tangible and imaginary.
The seventh strategy is cooperative learning. It means students are learning their lessons through the help of their classmates, for example, are group discussions or group assignments. On the other hand, this will be effective if this method is not overused. Students still need to learn and practice their knowledge by themselves.
The eighth one is goal setting and giving feedback. Goal setting means creating directions and purposes. Providing feedback based on established goals and objectives is significant for boosting student’s effectiveness in learning.
These methods and strategies are so far the practical ones in teaching students. What strategies do you or would you use for teaching to encourage learning?