ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Ted De Grazia Arizona Artist 1909-1982

Updated on March 7, 2016
mactavers profile image

I've lived in Arizona for 67 years (Tucson, Glendale, and Sedona). I love writing about Arizona history, antiques, books, and travel.

Mission in the Sun Altar

Original water Color by De Grazia
Original water Color by De Grazia | Source

Doorway in Mission in the Sun

Doorway in Mission in the Sun in the Catalina Foothills in Tucson Arizona.
Doorway in Mission in the Sun in the Catalina Foothills in Tucson Arizona. | Source

De Grazia's Life

There's one thing I know first hand about Arizona artist De Grazia's profific volume of Southwestern art and that is, people either love his distinctive style or they hate it. De Grazia always called his style "Desert Art" because so many of his subjects reflected the Hispanic and Native American cultures.

Ettore "Ted" De Grazia was the son of an Italian mining family. He was born in Morenci, Arizona in 1909. Because the price of copper is always in flux, the family returned to Italy during De Grazia's childhood when his father needed employment. Besides loving to draw, he also possessed a talent for music and loved playing the trumpet. De Grazia returned to Tucson Arizona to finish high school. He married, had three children and he moved to Bisbee, Arizona where he began producing and showing his art. By chance, his early art appeared in a 1941 issue of Arizona Highways. After a divorce, De Grazia became interested in the art of Mexican mural artists Diego Rivera and Jose Clemente Orozco, and he did an internship with Rivera, which led to a showing of De Grazia's work which in turn led to a showing of his works at the Palacio de Bellas Artes.

After returning to Tucson, De Grazia graduated from the University of Arizona and opened his first art studio in 1944 in an adobe building near the corner of Prince Road and Campbell Ave. The small studio was constructed and decorated with objects that De Grazia had found in the desert. Before his fame, it was known that De Grazia painted kitchen and other tiles for homes in Tucson. In 1953, De Grazia's art was featured in an issue of National Geographic, but his big break came in 1960, when he was chosen to be the artist for the UNICEF holiday card. The painting that De Grazia chose for the card was Los Ninos or The Children which showed multicultural children dancing in a circle.

De Grazia married for a second time and was able to purchase ten acres of prime land in the Catalina Mountain foothills on the north central side of Tucson. Today the area is so built up with upscale homes and condos, but at the time De Grazia bought the property, the area was relatively unspoiled and dotted with saguaros and other varieties of Sonoran Desert trees and cacti. He called his land a place of reflection and peace. Before building his Gallery in the Sun on the property near the corner of Swan and Skyline roads in 1965, De Grazia would tell of a small chapel he had built in 1952 for people to come and meditate in. The chapel which he later named The Mission in the Sun was devoted to the Lady of Guadalupe who had appeared to the people of Mexico and to honer Father Kino who DeGrazia admired.

While De Grazia's popular pastel drawings of Southwestern children such as Flower Boy and Flower Girl and Balloon Boy and Balloon Girl, Drum Boy and White Dove projected a sweetness, De Grazia also produced modernistic dramatic images in brights reds and blacks. His Crucifixion series and Padre Kino series are very stark and dramatic images. It wasn't long until De Grazia began expanding his work to include pottery that was created from molds made of the ribs and boots of the saguaro. He would also add pewter figurines, wind chimes, jewelry, cards, plates, miniature figures, candles, glassware, books and post cards.

While De Grazia had a gruff exterior in his beat up hat and worn clothing, he was always so gracious whenever my family would take visitors to his studio. It was a standing joke in Tucson that it would be hard to find an article purchased from him at the Gallery of the Sun that De Grazia had not personally signed. He made national news on May 12, 1976 when he journeyed into the Superstition Mountains near Apache Junction, Arizona and burned 100 paintings to protest the inheritance tax. While there isn't any doubt that he did this, he couldn't bear to burn his most famous paintings.

De Grazia died in 1982, but his Gallery in the Sun and Mission in the Sun continue to attract tourists from all over the world. The ten acre site of the chapel and gallery and other buildings that De Grazia constructed on the property is now a museum and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Gallery displays eight hundred of De Grazia's original works. It is maintained by the DeGrazia Foundation. De Grazia left behind such a large body of work that the staff at his gallery continues to make sure that his work is routinely rotated. Admission to the Gallery is free. In 2009, a special year long Centennial celebration of his life and art was held.

As I paint, I feel a magic goes into some paintings. I don't talk about it, because paople may not understand. But I really feel the magic. DeGrazia


Do you like De Grazia's Art?

Do you like De Grazia's art?

See results

DeGrazia Glasses

DeGrazia glasses, given away by the Arizona Bank in Tucson AZ c1980s
DeGrazia glasses, given away by the Arizona Bank in Tucson AZ c1980s | Source

God and the Mouse

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)