ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Teeth and microbes

Updated on March 22, 2015

Importance of teeth

When you sit in front of a camera, the cameraman says 'cheese' and you 'smile'. What happens when you smile ? When you smile, your teeth become visible. If you have white shining teeth, it can make your smile beautiful. But just think, if you have yellow dusty teeth, would you feel comfortable in smiling ?

Clean white shining teeth add charm and beauty to our face. Teeth also give proper shape to our face and help us to speak properly. Teeth also help to chew and eat food properly.

Have you seen a person without teeth ? He/she looks different from a person having teeth.

His/her speech is not clear. our teeth not only give us a better look but also help us to speak clearly.

There are two sets of teeth:

  1. Milk teeth
  2. Permanent teeth

Healthy smile

Healthy smile
Healthy smile | Source

Milk teeth

When a child is born, he does not have any teeth. But when the child is about 5-6 months old, the first set of teeth starts growing. They are called milk teeth. When the child is about 2 and 1/2 years old, he has total 20 milk teeth. These are also called temporary teeth because they do not last long. They are small in size. Slowly, they start falling out one by one. When the child is six years old, he loses all his teeth milk and they are replaced by a new set of bigger teeth called permanent teeth.

Milk teeth

Milk teeth
Milk teeth | Source

Permanent teeth

There are 32 permanent teeth : 16 in upper jaw and 16 in lower jaw. They are bigger than the milk teeth.

Permanent teeth

Permanent teeth
Permanent teeth | Source

Parts of tooth

We have different types of teeth. But all of them have the same structure. Each teeth has two main parts:

  • Crown
  • Root

Crown is the part of the tooth which is visible and root is the part which is present inside the gum. Gums hold the teeth tightly to their place.

The visible part of a tooth is called crown. It is covered with a hard layer called enamel. Enamel is the hardest substance in our body. Below the enamel lies the dentine. It is not as hard as enamel. Inside the dentine is a soft part called pulp. It has nerves and blood vessels.

These nerves send signals to brain when we have toothache. A long root fixes the tooth in the jaw.

Parts of tooth

Parts of tooth
Parts of tooth | Source

Kinds of teeth

There are four kinds of permanent teeth. They are :

  • Incisors- 8
  • Canines- 4
  • Premolars- 8
  • Molars - 12

Kinds of teeth

Kinds of teeth
Kinds of teeth | Source

Incisors or cutting teeth

They are used for cutting and slicing the food. There are four front teeth in each jaw, so 8 incisors are there in all.

Canines or tearing teeth

Canines are sharp and are used for tearing the food. there are 4 canines. Two canines are in the upper jaw and two in the lower jaw.


There are total 8 premolars, four in each jaw. they are broad teeth, next to canines. They help to crack the food and chew it properly.


There are 12 molars. They are present next to premolars. 3 molars on both sides in each jaw. They are bigger, flatter and broader and help to grind and crush the food.

Herbivores have well-developed premolars and molars as they have to chew the food and grind their food.

S. no.
Name of teeth
Cutting and biting
Tearing the food.
Cracking and chewing the food
Grinding and chewing the food

Care of teeth

You know the teeth are very important for us. So, we must take care of our teeth. To keep them healthy and to prevent tooth decay, we must follow the following tips:

  1. We should brush our teeth in the morning and at night before going to bed.
  2. We should not eat too many sweets and chocolates. They spoil the teeth.
  3. We should rinse our mouth after every meal.
  4. Massage our gums every day to make them strong.
  5. To keep our teeth and gums strong, we must eat raw fruits and vegetables like radish, carrot, apple etc.
  6. Teeth are made of calcium. Milk, cheese, etc., are a rich source of calcium.

Care of teeth

Care of teeth
Care of teeth | Source

Tooth decay

When we eat, bites of food gets stuck between our teeth and can become breeding ground for germs. These germs form a thin sticky layer called plaque on teeth. This plaque can produce an acid which then starts dissolving the enamel and tooth decay starts.

Tooth decay causes holes in the tooth and foul smell in the mouth and stomach disorders. We can have toothaches too.

So, eat healthy food to keep your teeth healthy and don't forget to visit your dentist once in six months.

How to brush

  • Regular brushing of teeth is the best way to keep the teeth healthy.
  • Brush your upper teeth with down motion and lower teeth with upward motion.
  • Brush out of the back of the teeth.
  • Brush the flat surface of the premolars and molars.

How to brush


Microbes are tiny living organisms which cannot be seen with the naked eyes. They can be seen with the help of a microscope only. They are present everywhere. Microbes can be harmful as well as useful. Disease-causing microbes are called germs.

There are four kind of microbes:

  1. Bacteria may be rod-shaped, round or spiral. Some are harmful and cause diseases like typhoid, diphtheria, tuberculosis, etc. Some are useful as they break down the bodies of dead animals and plants into minerals.
  2. Viruses are smaller than bacteria. They cause diseases like common cold, polio, flu, mumps, etc.
  3. Protozoa are bigger than bacteria and cause diseases like malaria and dysentery.
  4. Fungi grow on dead plants and cause diseases like ringworm. Dandruff in hair is also caused by fungi. Some fungi are used in making bread, cake and beer.

Diseases caused by microbes

Diseases caused by microbes
Diseases caused by microbes | Source

Points to remember

  • We have two sets of teeth- Milk teeth and permanent teeth.
  • Teeth help us to chew the food and help us to speak properly. They give shape to our face and add to the beauty of our face.
  • There are four kinds of teeth- Incisors, canines, premolars and molars.
  • A child has 20 milk teeth but an adult has 32 permanent teeth.
  • We must take proper care of our teeth to keep them strong and healthy.
  • Microbes are tiny living organisms. They are of four types- Bacteria, virus, protozoa and fungi.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)