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Terminologies in Architecture (Part - I)

Updated on February 29, 2016

List of terms covered in this hub.

  • ART
  • ARCHITECTURE
  • ENVIRONMENT DESIGN
  • CITY PLANNING
  • INTERIOR DESIGN
  • SPACE PLANNING
  • ANTHROPOMETRICS
  • LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
  • URBAN DESIGN
  • BLOBITECTURE
  • EDIFICE
  • HIGH RISE
  • PAVILION
  • FENESTRATION
  • PILOTI
  • ATRIUM
  • LOGGIA
  • ROTUNDA
  • PIAZZA
  • PROMENADE
  • BELVEDERE
  • COFFER
  • ADOBE
  • LABYRINTH

ART

The expression or application of human creative skill and imagination, typically in a visual form such as painting or sculpture, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power.

ARCHITECTURE

the art or practice of designing and constructing buildings

ENVIRONMENT DESIGN

Environmental design is the process of addressing surrounding environmental parameters when devising plans, programs, policies, buildings, or products.The ordering of physical environment by means of architecture , engineering, construction, landscape architecture, urban design, and city planning.

CITY PLANNING

the activity or profession of determining the future physical arrangement and condition of a community, involving an appraisal of the present condition, a forecast of future requirements, a plan for the fulfillment of these requirements, and proposals for constructional,legal, and financial programs to implement the plan.

INTERIOR DESIGN

The art , business, or profession of planning the design and supervising the execution of architectural interiors, including their color schemes, furnishings, fittings, finishes, and sometimes architectural features.

SPACE PLANNING

Space planning is an integral part of the interior design process, but the demand for it as a discrete service is growing. In space planning, the design professional blocks out interior spatial areas, defines circulation patterns, and develops plans and layouts for furniture and equipment placement.2

ANTHROPROMETRICS

Anthropometrics is the comparative study of human body measurements and properties. Ergonomics is the science of making the work environment safer and more comfortable for workers using design and anthropometric data.3

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECHTURE

the art and practice of designing the outdoor environment, especially designing parks or gardens together with buildings and roads.4

URBAN DESIGN

Urban design is an inter-disciplinary subject that utilizes elements of many built environment professions, including urban planning, landscape architecture, architecture, civil and municipal engineering. It is common for professionals in all these disciplines to practice in urban design.5

Source

BLOBITECTURE

Blobitecture from blob architecture, blobism or blobismus are terms for a movement in architecture in which buildings have an organic, amoeba-shaped, building form.

EDIFICE

A building, especially one of imposing appearance or size.

HIGH RISE

Emporis Standards defines a high-rise as "A multi-story structure between 35–100 meters tall, or a building of unknown height from 12–39 floors." According to the building code of Hyderabad, India, a high-rise building is one with four floors or more, or one 15 meters or more in height.

PAVILION

a projecting subdivision of facade, usually accented by more elaborate decoration or greater height and distinction of skylight

FENESTRATION

the arrangement or disposition of windows and doors on the elevations of a building

PILOTI

Any series of columns and piers supporting building above an open ground level

ATRIUM

an open-roofed entrance hall or central court in an ancient Roman house.

LOGGIA

a gallery or room with one or more open sides, especially one that forms part of a house and has one side open to the garden.

ROTUNDA

a round building or room, especially one with a dome.

PIAZZA

A piazza (Italian pronunciation: [ˈpjattsa]) is a city square in Italy, Malta, along the Dalmatian coast and in surrounding regions. The term is roughly equivalent to the Spanish plaza. In Ethiopia, it is used to refer to a part of a city.

PROMENADE

a paved public walk, typically one along a waterfront at a resort.

BELVEDERE

a summerhouse or open-sided gallery, usually at rooftop level, commanding a fine view.

DESIRE LINE

A desire path (also known as a desire line, social trail, cow path, goat track, pig trail or bootleg trail) can be a path created as a consequence of erosion caused by human or animal foot-fall or traffic. The path usually represents the shortest or most easily navigated route between an origin and destination. Width and erosion severity can be indicators of how much traffic a path receives. Desire paths emerge as shortcuts where constructed ways take a circuitous route, have gaps, or are non-existent.(GATE 2009)

COFFER

a recessed panel in a ceiling. one of a number of recessed , usually square or octagonal panels in a ceiling , soffit , or vault. Also called caisson, lacunar.

ADOBE

Sun dried brick made of clay and straw, commonly used in regions with little rainfall

LABYRINTH

a complicated irregular network of passages or paths in which it is difficult to find one's way; a maze.

referance :

Richard Plunz (ed.), Design and the Public Good : Selected Writings by Serge Chermayeff 1930 -1980, MIT 1982

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998

2. http://www.aia.org/aiaucmp/groups/aia/documents/pdf/aiab089276.pdf

3. http://www.lib.utexas.edu/engin/guides/anthropometry.html

4.Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe, Susan Jellicoe, The Landscape of Man: Shaping the Environment from Prehistory to the Present Day

5. Van Assche, K., Beunen, R., Duineveld, M., & de Jong, H. (2013). Co-evolutions of planning and design: Risks and benefits of design perspectives in planning systems. Planning Theory, 12(2), 177-198.

D.K Ching VIsual dictionary of architecture.

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