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The 10 Worst Nightclub Fires in History

Updated on December 2, 2015
Cocoanut Grove Fire
Cocoanut Grove Fire | Source

Who would have thought that parties held in nightclubs would burn alive it’s staffs, performers and visitors? Who would have thought that a place where people enjoyed the most will became the worst place they’ve visited? Who would have thought that a happy night would turn into a tragic event that no one could ever imagine?

For some of us, a nightclub is considered as a venue for fun and enjoyment together with our friends or families. It is a place wherein we can sing and dance all night. Though I’ve never been in a nightclubs but I’ve seen clips of it in television shows. I’ve seen how nightclubs became part of the lives of party goers. But, there are events that even us don’t have the ability to predict. This events claim the lives of hundreds of people in just one night. Let us take a tour to the 10 worst nightclub fires in history.



10. The Station nightclub fire

The Station nightclub fire
The Station nightclub fire | Source

Fourth-deadliest club fire in American history. Started by fireworks.

Time: 11:07 PM

Date: February 20, 2003

Location: West Warwick, Rhode Island, United States.

Cause: Ignition of acoustic foam by use of fireworks

Deaths: 100

Injuries: 230


Details:
The Station is a glam metal and rock and roll-themed nightclub in the United States. It was on February 20, 2003, a second into the band’s opening song, “Dessert Moon”, when a fire started. According to authorities that the fire was caused by pyrotechnics set off by Jack Russell’s Great White, the tour manager of the evening's headlining band, which ignited flammable sound insulation foam in the walls and ceilings surrounding the stage. A fast-moving fire engulfed the club in 5½ minutes. Feature footage of the flame demonstrates its ignition, fast development, the surging smoke that rapidly made departure incomprehensible, and the way out blockage that further prevented evacuation.



9. Club Cinq-Sept fire

Club Cinq-Sept fire
Club Cinq-Sept fire | Source

The catastrophe that claimed the lives of 146 people, almost all of whom were aged between 17 and 30

Time: Around 1:40 A.M.

Date: Sunday, 1 November 1970

Location: Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, Isère, France

Cause: Ignition of interior fittings made of polyurethane and papier-mâché

Deaths: 146

Suspect(s):
Gilbert Bas, club manager
Mayor of Saint-Laurent-du-Pont
Several building contractors

Charges: Manslaughter, numerous building code and safety violations

Verdict: Guilty

Convictions: Manslaughter


Details:
On the night of 31 October/1 November 1970, the Club-Cinq-Sept also known as Club 5-7 had attracted an extensive group to watch a live performance by Storm, an up-and-coming six member group from Paris. At 1:40 a.m., an estimated 180 individuals were still in the club at the point when a fire broke out. It was reportedly brought on by an imprudently tossed match lighting a froth filled seat pad on the first floor gallery.

The blast spread quickly through the rooftop space on the grounds that it was being fuelled by the building's combustible style and furniture. Individuals in the gallery attempted to escape down the single winding staircase as flares spread over the roof. Just 30 individuals inside of the fundamental club territory figured out how to leave the building through the principle passage entryway before a colossal mass of fire dove down from the gallery transforming the entire building into an inferno.


8. Lame Horse fire

The Lame Horse Club Fire
The Lame Horse Club Fire | Source

Worst fire in Russia since the fall of the Soviet Union. Started by fireworks.

Time: 01:08 a.m. (YEKT) /11:08 p.m. December 4, 2009 (MSK)

Date: December 5, 2009

Location: 9 Kuybyshev Street, Leninsky City District,Perm, Perm Krai, Russia

Cause: Ignition source: Fireworks

Deaths: 156 people killed by smoke inhalation, burns and stampede


Details:
When the fire started, more or less 300 people were in the club. As reported, ignition happened when performance artist tossed icy fire fireworks into the air. Sparkles from the firecrackers hit the plastic covering of the roof, lighting it. An announcer in the club then told the guests to evacuate. As people started to serenely leave the building, the wooden beautifications on the inside dividers of the club lighted, and the building loaded with smoke.

Rumours have circulated that the incident was a terrorist plot, however the Russian Prosecutor's Investigative Committee representative, Vladimir Markin, declared that the fire was created by unsanctioned use of firecrackers inside.


7. Ozone Disco Club fire

Ozone disco club fire
Ozone disco club fire | Source

Worst fire in Philippine history

Time: Around 11:35 pm Philippine Standard Time

Date: March 18, 1996

Location: Timog Avenue corner Tomas Morato Avenue, Quezon City, Philippines

Deaths: 162

Injuries: 95


Details:
According to reports that the fire broke out just before midnight on March 18, 1996. At the time of the fire, it was assessed that there were around 350 patrons and 40 club workers inside Ozone Disco, however it had been affirmed for occupancy for just 35 persons. Most of the club visitors were secondary school and undergrads going to graduation or end-of-the-school-year celebrations. Survivors reported seeing flashes flying inside the circle racer’s corner not long after 12 pm, trailed by smoke which they believed were a piece o fa party plant of the DJ. One of them included that inside of minutes, flares broke out, immersing the spot and brought on the mezzanine's breakdown.



6. Beverly Hills Supper Club fire

Beverly Hills Supper Club fire
Beverly Hills Supper Club fire | Source

Third-worst club fire in American history.

Time: A few minutes before 9 p.m

Date: May 28, 1977

Location: Southgate, Kentucky, United States

Deaths: 165

Injuries: 200

Details:
A couple of minutes before 9 p.m. when a worker noticed smoke and opened the Zebra Room's way to affirm the vicinity of smoke. She requested that another representative call the Fire Department while she and others got any accessible flame quenchers and started attempting to battle the blazes. Despite the fact that the representatives were not mindful of it, their opening of the Zebra Room's entryway sufficiently permitted oxygen into the space to bring about what had been a seething fire in the room's drop roof to flashover and start to spread quickly. It rapidly turned out to be clear that fire dousers couldn't suppress the quickly developing fire. The Fire Department was alarmed to the flame at 9:01 p.m. what's more, was on the scene by 9:05; as they drew nearer, fire fighters on the first crisis vehicles could as of now see smoke originating from the building.

The investigation into the fire found the following deficiencies, as enumerated by the Cincinnati Enquirer.

1. Overcrowding
2. Inadequate fire exits
3. Faulty wiring
4. Lack of firewalls
5. Poor construction practices
6. Extreme safety code violations
7. Poor oversight by regulatory authorities



5. República Cromañón nightclub fire

República Cromañón nightclub fire mural
República Cromañón nightclub fire mural | Source

Worst club fire in Argentine history. Started by fireworks.

Date: December 30, 2004

Location: Buenos Aires, Argentina

Deaths: 194

Details:
The venue was facilitating rock group Callejeros and around 3,000 individuals were in participation. The fire began when a pyrotechnic flare (a prevalent gadget in New Year's Eve festivities) was situated off and lighted froth in the roof. The materials used as a part of the building for embellishment were combustible: generally wood, styrofoam, acoustic boards and a plastic net (media sombra. This plastic net was swung from the roof and found fire initially, softening into a downpour of flame. In a few sections of the building, teddy bear stuffing was utilized as a shabby different option for fleece fiber. The proprietor and the band's lead vocalist had advised the benefactors not to utilize flares inside the building.

Four of the six entryways, some of which were fire exits, were anchored close so that "individuals would not enter without paying", as per Mayor Aníbal Ibarra. A large portion of the casualties passed on from breathing in toxic gasses, and carbon monoxide.


4. Rhythm Club fire

Rhythm Club fire
Rhythm Club fire | Source

The second-worst club fire in American history

Time: Around 11:30 PM

Date: April 23, 1940

Location: Natchez, Mississippi, United States

Deaths: 209

Details:
At around 11:30 p.m. the inferno started as individuals from the nearby Moneywasters Social Club were getting a charge out of the tune "Clarinet Lullaby", performed by Walter Barnes and His Royal Creolians orchestra from Chicago. Beginning close to the fundamental passage entryway, the fire immediately inundated the structure because of Spanish greenery that had been hung over inside's rafters as a decoration. In order to guarantee were no bugs in the embellishing greenery, it had been showered with petroleum-based Flit insect spray. Because of the dry conditions, combustible methane gas was created from the greenery and brought about the decimation of the building inside of an hour.



3. Kiss nightclub fire

Kiss nightclub fire
Kiss nightclub fire | Source

Third deadliest club fire in history. Started by fireworks.

Time: Between 2:00 and 2:30 (BRST)

Date: 27 January 2013

Location: Downtown, Sede district, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Cause: Ignition of acoustic foam by illegal use of fireworks

Deaths: 242

Injuries: 630


Details:
A party called "Aglomerados" was held in Kiss nightclub. The said party was organized by students from six colleges and specialized courses at the Federal University of Santa Maria which was started on Saturday, 26 January 2013 at 23:00 UTC. Two groups were planned to perform that night "Pimenta e seus comparsas" and "Gurizada Fandangueira".


Early morning on January 27, 2013, a fire broke out while students from the Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM) were holding a freshers' ball. A stampede happened right after the fire, and an absence of exit signs and emergency exits professedly added to the deaths. Most of the casualties were somewhere around 18 and 30 years old.

According to Brazilian police that the fire started when the band Gurizada Fandangueira lighted a pyrotechnic gadget (like a flagging flare) while performing on stage. The flare then touched off combustible acoustic froth in the ceiling. The authorities added that other reasons behind the high death incorporate the absence of emergency exits (the main access all through the building was the front entryway) and the way that the number of individuals inside surpassed the most extreme limit by hundreds.



2. Luoyang Christmas fire

Luoyang Christmas fire
Luoyang Christmas fire | Source

Second-deadliest club fire in history

Time: 9:35 pm

Date: December 25, 2000

Location: Luoyang, China

Deaths: 309


Details:
On December 25, 2000, a fire at the Dongdu building broke out at 9:35 p.m. nearby time, catching development laborers on the second and third floors. Some 800 cops and fire fighters and 26 fire engines rushed to the scene after accepting the call. Leading government authorities of Henan Province and the city of Luoyang, including Governor Li Keqiang, went to the scene to direct rescue work.

A reported of 309 total number of people was killed in the said incident: 174 females and 135 males. Among the dead were development laborers dealing with the second and third floors and dance club patrons who were going to a gala festivity for Christmas Day at a dancing hall on the fourth floor.



1. Cocoanut Grove fire

Cocoanut Grove fire
Cocoanut Grove fire | Source

The deadliest club fire in history, and the second-worst single-building fire in American history

Time: Around 10:15 P.M.

Date: November 28, 1942

Location: Bay Village, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Cause: Ignition of synthetic palm tree decorations

Deaths: 492

Suspect(s): Barney Welansky

Charges: Manslaughter, numerous building code and safety violations

Verdict: Guilty

Convictions: Manslaughter


Details:
On that Saturday night more than a thousand, Thanksgiving weekend revelers, wartime servicemen and their sweethearts, football fans, and others were packed into a space appraised for a greatest of 460 individuals.

According to authority reports that the flame began at around 10:15 p.m. dark, cozy Melody Lounge ground floor. It was believed that a young fellow, possbily a soldier, had removed a light bulb to give himself privacy while kissing his date. A 16-year-old waiting assistant, Stanley Tomaszewski was told to return the light on by retightening the bulb. As he endeavored to fix the light in its attachment, the globule tumbled from his hand. In the faintly lit parlor, Tomaszewski, not able to see the attachment, lit a match to light up the region, discovered the attachment, stifled the match, and supplanted the bulb. Very quickly, people saw something touch off in the covering of manufactured palm fronds hung over the tables (despite the fact that the official report questions the association between the match and the consequent flame)

In spite of servers' endeavours to splash the fire with water, it rapidly spread along the fronds of the palm tree, touching off designs on the dividers and roof. Blazes hustled up the stairway to the principle level, blazing the hair of patrons staggering up the stairs. A fireball burst over the focal move floor as the ensemble was starting its night show. Flares dashed through the contiguous Caricature Bar, then down a hallway to the Broadway Lounge. Inside of five minutes, blazes had spread to the main clubroom and the entire nightclub was ablaze.


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