ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Brave and heroic King Samudragupta

Updated on September 19, 2016

Gupta period tempple

King Samudragupta (335 – 375 AD)

His expeditions

Brave and heroic Samudragupta defeated many kings of north India as a first step. Many kings who knew his strength surrendered in advance. The Kushan Kings of distant Afghanistan and Satraps (Shakas) of Gujarat acknowledge his supremacy.

Considerable military achievement of Samudragupta was to be his expedition to the South. He conquered many kingdoms and vanquished the king of Kanchi. In memory of his conquest of the kingdoms he, on return to Pataliputra (Patna) celebrated the horse sacrifice.

Samudragupta was a patron of education. Himself an epic poet and musician. Samudragupta was accorded the title Kaviraja (king of poets). There are coins showing his picture as playing on the Veena embossed on them. His master Vasubandhu was a senior Buddhist monk and minister. Coins belonging to Gupta period show the prosperity, power and spender.


Samudragupta is shown playing the Veena on one of his coins. This shows how he used to spend his free time in pursuing a hobby. Hobbies help in the development of our personality.

Chandragupta Vikramaditya II, son of Samudragupta was an expert in warfare.

Samudragupta and Veena instrument

Gold coin

Kind King Samudraguipta

... whose mind busied itself with the support and the invitation of the miserable, the poor, the helpless, and the afflicted; who was the glorified personification of kindness to mankind; whose officers were always employed in restoring the wealth of the various kings who had been conquered by the strength of his arms; whose many wonderful and Nobel deeds are worthy to be praised for a very long time...

Prashasti is an inscription of a special kind. Prashasti is Sanskrit word that means, in praise of’. Samudragupta’s prashasti praises the king in glowing terms, as a warrior, as asking who won victories in battle, who was learned and the best of poets...’ he is also described as equal to God.

Pillar inscription

After Chandragupta – I, the great Gupta ruler who ruled India was his son Samudragupta. The Allahabad Inscription, which is engraved on a pillar at Allahabad, is the main source of information about the region of Samudragupta. This pillar inscription is also called Prayag prashasti. It gives detailed information about the regions conquered by Samudragupta and his policies towards them.

King Samudragupta

Prayag Prashasti

Harisena was the composer of the Prayag Prashasti

There were nine rulers in Aryavarta, who were uprooted and their kingdoms were conquered and made a part of Samudragupta’s empire. There were twelve rulers in the far south or Dakshinapath. After being defeated, they surrendered to Samudragupta and then he allowed them to rule again.

The kings of many kingdoms in the east, including Nepal, Assam, Coastal Bengal and a number of Gangasanghas in the north – west followed the orders of Samudragupta and attended his court. The foreign kings paid homage and offered allegiance to Samudragupta. They also offered the hands of their daughters in marriage. The descendants of the Shakas, Kushans and the ruler of Sri Lanka also submitted to him.

The Prayag Prashasti also provides a detailed list of the kings and tribal republics. It also mentions the ancestors of king Samudragupta and describes the nature of the king.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)