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The Other Christs

Updated on June 25, 2008

Isis and Horus/ Mary and Jesus

How many Jesus stories are there?

Here is a brief summary of an ancient story that should sound familiar to every reader. Once upon a time, a child was born who was said to be the savior of all mankind. His birth was heralded by angels and attended by three kings who had followed a brightly glowing star. He grew up to be a great religious leader who traveled from place to place sermonizing and performing miracles such as raising the dead and walking on water. Eventually, the man was crucified and buried, but after three days he rose from the grave. The man is said to have been the Son of God, the Lamb of God, “the way, the truth, and the light.”

I think its safe to say that the vast majority of people reading this story would equate it with the story of Jesus Christ as told in the New Testament of the Bible, which we have all heard before and which many of us take as absolute truth. It is one of the most widely known stories on the planet, and has been for hundreds of years. It is completely logical to assume that the man in this story is Jesus… unless you also happen to be familiar with the story of Horus, the Christ of Ancient Egypt.

Horus is typically a falcon headed deity and god of the sky, the son of Isis and Osiris. He was miraculously conceived after the murder of Osiris by his younger brother Set (God of Chaos in some contexts), and spent his life as a half man half God battling Set to avenge his father and save the Eqyptian people.

While Horus’ life bares little superficial resemblance to that of Jesus, with its epic violence and Shakespearean revenge plot, it is in the tiny details that the enormity of the coincidence becomes clear. Both Jesus and Horus were born on December 25th. Both were miraculously conceived. Both were threatened with death in their infancy, one by Herut, the other by Herod. Both were baptized in rivers at 30 years of age, and both of the characters who performed the baptisms, Anup the Baptiser and John the Baptist, were later beheaded. The coincidences go on and on.

There are dozens of other ancient God-men that bare striking resemblance to Jesus. Mithras, for example, was a god of the ancient Zoroastrian religion of the region that is now Iraq. He was born on December 25th, he was a traveling religious teacher with 12 disciples, he died as a sacrifice for mankind, he rose three days later, and there is even a Eucharistic ceremony associated with him.

Other ancient heroes whose life stories bare remarkable similarities with Jesus are Krishna of India, Attis of Phrygia, and Dyonisus of Greece. Even Quetzacoatl of Mesoamerica resembles Jesus in many ways, including the December 25th birth, the crucifixion, and the resurrection.

The parallels between the stories of the God-men of the ancient world are too numerous to be shrugged off as accidental coincidences. We must accept that there is some sort of correlation, and then begin to examine the nature and implications of that correlation.

Sol, the Mithraic Sun Deity

This information is not, as many have enthusiastically concluded, evidence in itself of the absolute falsehood of Christianity or proof of the nonexistence of Jesus as an actual historical person. Nor is it proof that Jesus was a reincarnation of Mithra, Horus or Dionysus, as others would argue, and it does not necessarily prove that all these stories were copied from some original, true story.

What we do know, is that if these coincidences are the result of religious plagiarism, it is the older religions that are being plagiarized by the newer ones, meaning Christianity would have to have been copying Egyptian theology and not the other way around. Plagiarism, or perhaps a more charitable term such as “the cultural co-opting of previously existing models,” is troublesome in explaining the parallel God-men of the Mesoamericans however, who are commonly believed to have been too isolated to have had any contact with Egyptians, Hindus, Greeks, or Jews.

Some highly intriguing theories have been expressed suggesting that these commonalities are all astrological in nature. The December 25th birthday is associated with the winter solstice, the twelve disciples are the 12 signs of the zodiac, the 3 Kings are the three stars of Orion’s belt which line up with (and therefore appear to be following) the north star Sirius at the time of the winter solstice. The God-man is the Sun, which battles darkness throughout the year, reaching the trough of its winter descent under the constellation of the Northern Cross, and then rising to claim victory over darkness again and again.

It is widely known that astrology played an important part in most Ancient religions, yet modern Christians balk at the idea that it could have played a role in the formation of their Religion. It is most commonly believed to be a bogus mix of religion and science with scant support from either institution. More radical Christians view it as an evil pagan tradition and a gateway to Satanism. To the reader who accepts this point of view, I would suggest examining these claims yourself with your own bible, paying special attention to numbers and dates, and keeping in mind the adage, “The Devil is in the details.”


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    • profile image


      5 years ago

      These similarites between Jesus and Horus, simply do not exist. I asked an egyptologist at my University.

    • bright_sorcerer profile image


      5 years ago from London, Canada

      Yes, I am conversant in its origins and general beliefs. Personally, I believe that Gnosticism in general and Simon Magus in particular added a dimension of understanding that threatened the existing religious orders, hence their sustained campaign to demonize him. I know they call the god of the Jews Yaldabaoth, who displays distinctive traits of a true psychopath. What I find of great interest is their use of kundalini, which aided them in accessing other planes of reality, obviously akin to a mortal sin in the Abrahamic religions. I have spent much time working with this energy and a natural byproduct is the awakening of our innate spiritual abilities. Crowley and others have used the energy of sexual orgasm to essentially achieve much of the same results albeit for a different purpose. The snake so reviled by religion is viewed as a great teacher by the Gnostics which does force one to look a bit closer at the garden of Eden story. If it is to be believed, we were essentially only made to be puppets or automatons who mindlessly moved through this reality as little more than pets to this Demiurge and its cohorts.

      Sorry to drag on like this but I have done considerable research into Gnosticism and find it contains some valid and profound ideas. Gonna go check out the vid now. Thanks for the reply! Be well.

    • Marshall Hammond profile imageAUTHOR

      Marshall Hammond 

      5 years ago from Portland, Oregon

      Thanks Bright Sorcerer! You into gnosticism at all? I think they've got some great ideas about this Yahweh fella.

      Don't know if you've seen this, but here's a funny little video pertaining to the topic at hand.

    • bright_sorcerer profile image


      5 years ago from London, Canada

      It seems I'm adding a comment long after this hub was However, I commend you not only for the factual information but also for the responses you gave. It is no secret, to an objective reader/researcher that Judaism and its offshoots of "Christianity " and Islam contain major plagiarism of other belief systems which are far older. And I agree with you... I am not fully certain that Jesus lived and was crucified but the words and actions attributed to him far outweigh that consideration, IMO. As for "Yahweh" being a god of love... this is preposterous in the extreme. If I had one word to describe that entity it would be psychopath, no different than the godfather who orders murder of his rivals and yet because he attends a church or kisses a baby's head, he's a nice guy all of a sudden? Sorry for that rant but I grow weary of religious people trying to push their twisted dogma on people who have awakened to this great deception. An excellent hub all around, my friend. Be well.

    • profile image

      Jaisimha's - Proof of Reincarnation 

      8 years ago

      Visit my Blog to read more about Proof of Reincarnation. Click the link on my name.

      I have read the book by Trutz Hardo where he has followed the works of the popular Ian Stevenson.

    • profile image

      orlando blue 

      9 years ago

      Why beat around the burning bush?! All religious beliefs are established to control the masses! blah blah JC or any others, ALL religion is a crutch as it takes away your power of choice. CHOICE is the only power we have, the choice to live and co create OUR existance. Its obvious that THEY are using similar methods throughout history to control the sheeple as they just rehash old religious beliefs and use fear of death and the afterlife to control us. WAKE up to your higher self and realize that our creator(s) gave us the power of free will choice - USE IT because not choosing is still CHOICE :)

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Marshall! You can be the Marshall in my town any day! I'm sure you've never heard that one. lol... Anyway, I think you have a great point of view. I like the conclusions you draw as well as the ones that you do not venture to draw. We just don't know enough about the nature of this fantastic voyage we are on to think we can discredit other beliefs just because the don't SEEM to fit into the framework of our own beliefs. Who knows, though? If Jesus really was and, because of the resurrection, is divine - which I happen to believe is the case - then how would it dispute his claim to be the only way to salvation if he just happened to make other visits to this world than the one we are familiar with? And if God is, as I believe He is, all powerful, then why would it be so out of the question for Him to have masterminded all of these "coincidences"?

      Anyway, I think you hit the nail on the head when you said, "I think the relevant details lie mainly in Jesus' message of peace, love, and faith."


    • Marshall Hammond profile imageAUTHOR

      Marshall Hammond 

      9 years ago from Portland, Oregon

      Is the December 25th birthdate even in the bible? Or the crucification date? I don't have currently have a copy of the bible.

    • Marshall Hammond profile imageAUTHOR

      Marshall Hammond 

      9 years ago from Portland, Oregon

      The short answer to your question, Cathy, is that I don't explain it. The purpose of this hub was not to denounce the validity of Christianity. Personally, I think its possible that Jesus was a historically factual person, and that he may have been crucified and resurrected. I do believe miraculous things like resurrection from the dead are possible, and that "miracles" do happen.

      However, I also believe that the bible (which as far as I know is the sole source of the 500 eyewitnesses reference) is a man made, fallible, deliberately censored and embellished document. The first bible was written decades after Jesus was reported to have died, and it has been edited since. How do we know what parts are factual and what parts have been embellished?

      We can't know. Its up to each of us to decide what to believe or disbelieve, and which claims are irrelevent or relevant. As far I'm concerned, all of the apparent "coincidences" in the article above are irrelevent. I don't think its important what date Jesus was born, or what was his particular mode of death, or what miracles he peformed or what prophecies he fulfilled. I think the relevant details lie mainly in Jesus' message of peace, love, and faith.

    • profile image

      Cathy Scott 

      9 years ago

      Marshall, how do you account for the apologetic evidence of 500 eyewitnesses who saw Christ first-hand after his resurrection? Or the over 300 prophecies he fulfilled in his life, death and resurrection?

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      Loved your blog - as far as I am concerned Astrology plays a big part. You might note that Jesus (if ther was one) was a Pisces, born in March - not a Capricorn (December 25th). He had 5 planets in Pisces - not an easy life....

      Keep um comin, Marshall

    • profile image

      peace 1 

      10 years ago

      I apologize for the incorrect spelling at the end of my last message.

    • profile image

      peace 1 

      10 years ago

      obevously there are many things trying to take credit as gods,

      but have no real effect on the world.

      there is one problem all men share in sin and its effect, from AIDS

      cancer to lonelyness.

      This figure turned up in history to put things back on there feet.

      If you come from a country where laws and teaching of CHRIST applied

      fully at some point then you can see times of great prosprity.

      Only heritics and people who have used the name of JESUS as a cover up

      or should i say wolves in sheep clothing who throught the centuries have blind sighted

      people from seeing GOD in this man.

      Even you who read this have any morals think where did thay come forom

    • profile image

      Agro Donkey 

      10 years ago from Ohio

      I have know all this for some time and have even considered that early Christians knew this as well as they condemed the practice of astrollogy stating that it was the work of the Devil. It would be easier to control the masses if they did not notice the corilations in the starts.

    • profile image

      Nancy Owen Nelson 

      10 years ago

      Thanks, Marshall, for your intelligent and courageous examination of the Christ parallels in other faiths and histories. I have a strong interest in the goddess images and have noticed, as you point out with this article and photos, how much the sculpture of Iris and Horus resembles Mary and Jesus. I also feel that we can learn much by allowing ourselves to look at other traditions. The "devil in the details" may lie in understanding what many faiths have in common.

    • CJStone profile image


      10 years ago from Whitstable, UK

      Aye, these "co-incidences" are too remarkable to ignore. I like your suggestion of a possible astrological connection. I never heard that one before. Where did you hear it from? It would be nice if you cited your sources. Other than that, a great hub.

    • Shadesbreath profile image


      10 years ago from California

      Religion has always been a device used for power (not saying that's all it is, just saying that it often gets used for that).  Conquering nations would overlay their religions on top of the religion of the people they conquered, often conscripting portions of the old religion to butress and perhaps accomodated the conquered populace for the sake of bringing stability (and control). 

      The bull was a favorite figure in ancient Greek and Rome and as Christianity took hold, the once revered figure of the great bull with it's enormous horns and all was made to be the image used to represent Satan.  This was an effective way to aid the transformation to Christianty by associating old symbolism with evil. 

      I read elsewhere that Christ was not born on December 25th at all, but that the date was the date of a great pagan ritual that the powers of the time wanted to crush so they shifted their main holiday, Christ's birth, to that time of the year to maintain the continuity of the yearly events, again as a means of keeping stability in a turbulent time where conquering powers weren't stable yet.  It's been a long time since I read that, perhaps Marshall Hammond knows this history better and can fill me in.

      Great hub, very interesting.  Nice to see other religions getting examined fairly.  So much dogmatic vitriol out there sometimes.  Thanks.

    • Marshall Hammond profile imageAUTHOR

      Marshall Hammond 

      10 years ago from Portland, Oregon

      Hugh - Thanks for the suggestion, I'm working on an intelligent design article right now.

      Jeff - Are you suggesting that Satan invented the myth of Horus, many thousands of years before Jesus, to deceive the ancient Egyptians from following Christianity? Are you suggesting that all of the saviours throughout time were planted by Satan, other than the one savior you happen to believe in?

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      since the father of liars enjoys nothing better than deceiving people,

      it is natural that there are many "other than" christ's (usually called anti-christ, but better

      translated "other than" christ).... these are designed to deceive and keep

      people from being aware of Yahshua, Yah(Yahweh)shua(salvation).

      Even religious denominations are mostly "other". To know Yahweh is to know real life, not religion (Yahweh hates religion, but He loves people).

      But most churches kick out anyone who stands up for the truth, simply, or even if they just ask questions about why the churches don't do what Scripture says to do.

    • profile image

      Hugh E. Scott 

      10 years ago

      An excellent and intriguing article. As a former geologist and believer in evolution, l would also be interested in a piece by Marshall regarding intelligent design.


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