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The Countries Behind the Vietnam War

Updated on August 29, 2010

 The real reason the North Vietnamese prevailed and won in the Vietnam War was because of the Soviet Union (aka Russia) and Red China (aka China). Had it not been for unstoppable military and other aid given to the NVA and VC, perhaps there still would have been a South Vietnam.

The Vietnam War was a proxy war with the USSR and Red China supporting the North and the US supporting the South. It was a fight against Communism by proxy. From 1965-70, Red China (the same China that now makes everything, Made in China) provided North Vietnam with $200 million in aid, while the Soviet Union, some $420 million in aid every year. Cambodia played an important role in receiving the Soviet aid. Soviet ships would travel from ports in the Black Sea, across the Mediterrean and through the Suez Canal. They would dock at the Cambodian port of Sihanoukville, unloaded and then traveled on Soviet trucks via the Sihanouk Trail, which was an extension of the Ho Chi Minh Trail. Almost 80% of the NVA supplies traveled through this port. When the NVA forces started to receive Soviet T-55 tanks in the late 60s, they built (with Soviet help) a fuel pipeline of six inches in diameter from North Vietnam, through Laos and into South Vietnam near Kontum. No small feat.

In 1970, US and ARVN forces invaded Cambodia, finally. There was a lot of negative news coverage in the US as massive B-52 bomber attacks decimated the NVA in jungle hideouts. This was at a time when the first US combat units were being withdrawn from Vietnam. The result of this invasion decimated the key port and the impact was decisive. With the port gone, Soviet ships had nowhere to unload and for the next 14 months, the NVA did very little except rebuild. The Cambodian incursion lasted only for a week or so, then the forces left for South Vietnam. Cambodia claimed it's neutrality, yet the NVA used the trails that went through daily. The Cambodian army was incapable of interdiciting the NVA.

Once Cambodia declared it was neutral, the US had to respect it and any further attacks upon this key port would never happen again. Had the US simply disregarded this and continued attacking the port periodically, the NVA would have never been able to Soviet tanks and rockets in 1973-75 in South Vietnam. 


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    • OpinionDuck profile image

      OpinionDuck 7 years ago


      I agree, and it prompted me to put my opinion in a hub today, on Politicians and War.


    • Pollyannalana profile image

      Pollyannalana 7 years ago from US

      I call it the unsolved mystery war, how they kept taking a hill and giving it back. Over and over, years and years, the dead kept falling, for what? We don't have the answer and never will just as we are now being surrounded by God only knows what or who. We have idiots in charge of our lives and if I could get out, believe me I would!

    • perrya profile image

      perrya 7 years ago

      Vietnam, like Iraq-Afghanistan, was lost because of the politics dictating to the military how to fight a war. The US military, then and now, was a dog on a lease and could only fight the war dictated by non-military leaders who also had to think about world politics and public opinion. One side would fight with a ruthless disregard for anything but winning, while the other more civilized side (the US in both cases)fought on a lease which is unfair. It is like we wanted to create a even playing field with the NVA then, and with Taliban now. Why?

    • OpinionDuck profile image

      OpinionDuck 7 years ago

      The Vietnam War was a repeat of the Korean War.

      In both cases the Soviets and the Red Chinese played the liberal politicians of the US for the spineless SOBs that they were, and continue to be today.

      If you look at what they gave the Soviets at the end of WWII you understand how these politicians cave in to them just so they won't have to confront them.

      My opinion is that this caused the cold war, and it also allowed the Soviets and China to realize that the US politicians didn't have the stomach to win a war.

      This was proven in Korea, and then again in Vietnam.

      Military victories by the US Military were thrown away by politicians who didn't want us to confront China and the Soviets.

      They did the same thing in Vietnam, but gave in even more than in Korea so that we lost the country entirely, instead of just a stalemate.

      Now these politicians, the names and faces change but apparently the lack of a spine is a requirement to be elected into Congress. They are doing the same thing in Iraq and Afghanistan. This time they will let the bad guys get into action on our home turf. This time there is no country to bomb,this time there is no army, no uniforms and no honor, this time it is a religious terrorist.

      Bill Clinton was honored for his draft dodging, and sympathizing with the Soviets, and leaving the country during the Vietnam War. Why else would he have been elected to the presidency twice?

      In Iraq these spineless politicians even refused to fund the troops that were in Iraq and Afghanistan so that they were properly supplied with weapons, and safety devices for protection.

      The root cause of these spineless politicians getting elected,and re-elected is thanks to the spineless loyal party voter.

      my opinion...

    • vietnamvet68 profile image

      vietnamvet68 7 years ago from New York State

      We failed because of Politics and Politics alone. American troops won every battle that was fought there. In my eyes we never lost we were Dishonored. Vietnam Vets are still looked down on today, it was an unpopular war from the beginning.

    • ahorseback profile image

      ahorseback 7 years ago

      The great mystery of the day , why not all out war in Viet -Nam. Why a police action, every soldier asked that question and payed the price for no answer. The utter stupidity of politics is amazing , no?