ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Cross Orb Weaver or Common Garden Spider Facts

Updated on February 17, 2015
tazzytamar profile image

Anna studied psychology, law, English, and animal welfare in college. She is a mother of two and aspires to become a vet some day.

Source

Where Can They Be Found?

The cross orb-weaver spider, also known as 'araneus diadematus', 'the common garden spider' or 'diadem spider' is one of many orb-weaver spider varieties. The species is thought to have been introduced from Europe, where it is widely spread and common, and it can also currently be found in Pennsylvania, New England, Washington, Oregon and some parts of Canada.


Cross orb-weavers are usually found around buildings with exterior lighting - possibly because insects are attracted to the light and so the spiders are more successful in the amount of food they catch in their webs. They are mostly found in rural areas and gardens. The larger females build webs and lie in the center of them, facing down towards the ground, or they may take refuge in foliage next to their web with one 'signal' thread of the web attached to a leg. They do this so that when prey becomes caught in the web, the spider will sense the vibrations, and will quickly scurry down the web to wrap the prey in silk threads before eating it.


Safely Move Unwanted Guests Outside

Size And Coloration

Mature, adult females are significantly larger than the males (which is the case in almost all spider species), and tend to grow between 6.5 and 20 millimetres, whereas males are usually between 5.5 and 13 millimetres.

In terms of coloration, it seems that each individual specimen is slightly different, but the main background colour of the spider is a medium or pale brown. There are at least five white or cream-coloured spots around the folium, which are there because of cells which are filled with gaunine (a by-product of protein metabolism). There are also two slightly curved longitudinal lines that can also be seen on the folium.There are four elongated spots towards the anterior end of the abdomen, which looks like a cross (hence being called the 'cross' orb-weaver spider). The carapace has three black or dark brown longitudinal bands. Smaller, younger individuals are generally darker and the larger, adult females are overall much lighter.


Lifespan

The average lifespan of a cross orb-weaver is thought to be just 12 months, although experts say this is hard to gauge due to the fact that so many are killed or eaten within this time by birds, cats and other spiders. On the very rare occasion that a human does get bitten by this species, it is because the spider was provoked. The bite can sometimes pierce the skin, though it usually doesn't and although it is an uncomfortable and unpleasant pinching sensation, it is not actually painful. In addition to this, the cross orb-weaver's bite is completely harmless to humans.


Spider Poll

Do You Worry About Spiders?

See results

Breeding

Females lay between 300 and 900 eggs in late September, and they usually lay these in safe, sheltered areas of gardens, such as between rocks, between cracks and crevices in garden walls and underneath dead tree bark. The eggs are tiny and are all enclosed in a hemisphere-shaped cocoon made of fine silk threads which are a pale yellow in colour.

Like most other orb-weaver varieties, if a cross orb-weaver feels threatened, she will create a defensive display which involves using her legs to shake the web. This is to ward off potential predators, but if this fails, she will run into the foliage near her web to escape as the species is incredibly passive.


Source

Some Interesting Facts

Interestingly, most cross orb-weavers eat their webs every night (they have been observed doing this and it normally takes them just a matter of minutes), they are thought to do this so that they are able to eat any smaller insects that have gotten stuck on the silk threads of the web, and also to protect themselves. Every morning a new web is spun, and the cycle begins all over again.

Some of the fossils that have been found and inspected by palaeontologists and other experts suggest that some spider species (the cross orb weaver included), were around some 140 million years ago! It is likely that they started life in a similar form to how we know them now in the Jurassic period!

Without spiders, we would suffer hugely as a species. Biting insects which suck the blood of humans and other mammals would be even more of a nuisance, there would potentially be a wider range of diseases spread by flies and other insects and certain birds and other species would be missing out on a vital food source!

Out of the hundreds of thousands of spider species known to man, the number of ones capable of causing significant harm to humans can probably be counted on one hand. Even the species capable of delivering a bite with enough venom to cause problems, very rarely do, and never bite unless provoked (either directly through inappropriate handling), or indirectly through being disturbed when hiding in a shirt or item of clothing which is then picked up and put on, trapping the spider.

Comments Are Always Appreciated

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)