The Dissolution of The Hohokam Tribe
Arizona's history is inspired by ancient tribes who used their resources to farm, and make unique crafts. The Hohokam tribe is one of the most talked about tribes that were able to make a living in the desert.
It remains a mystery that the Hohokam Tribe no longer exist.
This article reflects on how the Hohokam tribe farmed in the desert, and how this tribe used their unique skills to build housing and crafts.
Hohokam Tribe Participating In A Physical Ball Game
The Hohokam Way Of Life
The Hohokam's resided in what is now known as the Tucson Basin located in Arizona. Their name stems from a Pima term which means "Those Who Have Vanished.
Archaeologists conclude that the Hohokam Tribe moved from Mexico to Arizona around 300 B.C. in which during that time the tribe set up society along the Gila and Salt Rivers.
This Map Shows The Hohokam Tribe Settlement And Includes The Anazasi, and Mogollon Settlements
Evidence For Human Occupation of The Tucson Basin
The Hohokam's Farming Strategy In The Desert
The Hohokam Tribe were skilled farmers who knew how to grow corn and cotton. When the tribe moved from Mexico to Arizona, the challenge they endured was how to grow crops in the dry environment.
Eventually their solution was to dig canals and irrigation ditches to draw water from the rivers to the fields.
The Hohokam canals were insulated with clay, which helped prevent evaporation from taking place during the hot summer months. The Hohokam's also built dams to mange the flow of water.
Constructing the canals was a huge task which took unity.
Jonathan Mabry Pointing To a Cross-Section of An Ancient Irrigation Canal
The Hohokam Tribe Find Out How To Grow Other Crops
Eventually the Hohokam Tribe figured out how to grow other crops such as, beans and squash. Through the source of a bow and arrows, Hohokam hunters lived of deer, rabbit and other desert animals.
The Hohokam's House & Creating Crafts
The Hohokam Lived In Pit Houses
The Base of A Pit House
The base of a pit house is dug 2 to 3 feet deep in the ground. The design include posts and consisted of a roof and walls made of mud, branches and grass.
The pit houses were cook in summer and warm in winter. Eventually the Hohokam's learned how to construct more durable homes, out of mud brick.
A Blue Print Of A Pit House
An Illustration Of A Hohokam Pit House
A Stronger Version of A Hohokam House Made of Clay
A Replica of Hohokam Pit House On Display At The Herd Museum
The Hohokam's Pottery & Jewelry
The Hohokam also made pottery and jewelry. Archaeologists found artifacts which show they traded with other tribes.
The Hohokam's Relationship With The Anasazi Tribe
The Anasazi Tribe were another tribe that arrived to the American Southwest 2,000 years ago. By A.D. 900 the Anasazi had extended to northeastern Arizona, Southwestern Colorado, and Northwestern New Mexico.
Research notes that the Hohokam's may have had a relationship between the Anasazi which consisted of building houses out of adobe which is clay mixed with straw. This clay brick is then left out in the Arizona sun to bake. It is believed that the Anasazi were very informative teaching the Hohokam tribe how to make the abobe brick and build adobe houses.
The Hohokam Ball Courts
The Hohokam tribe enjoyed playing ball games in which they built ball courts large enough for the sport. Playing ball games created a way for the tribe to share family events and socialize with one another.
It remains a mystery that such skilled farmers and gifted builders such as the Hohokam Tribe no longer exists.