History of the Douglas SBD Dauntless
The Douglas SBD Dauntless was an American dive bomber in World War II. Initially developed for the US Navy, it was also used by the US Army and called an A-24 Banshee. Almost 6,000 of the SBD's or A-24's were built between the years of 1940 and 1944 by Douglas Aircraft.
Before Pearl Harbor, a few SBD's were sent to the Philippines and eventually Australia, but were inadequately equipped, therefore, proved ineffective on missions. At those stages of the war the SBD's were rarely used, for the objectives intended.
The first time they were really used by the US was during Pearl Harbor, when SBD's from the aircraft carrier Enterprise showed up, but were ineffective against Japanese fighter aircraft. Later, in the Coral Sea it was shown that with a good pilot a SBD could defeat A6M Japanese Zero.
In the Battle of Midway it was SBD's dive bombers that devastated the Japanese Navy, by destroying four of Japan's aircraft carriers. The SBD's were responsible for destroying more enemy ships in the Pacific than any other aircraft. Coupled with F4F Wildcat fighter escorts the SBD's proved very effective against enemy shipping. The SBD Dauntless/ A-24 Banshee's would eventually be replaced by SB2C Helldivers.
The Douglas SBD Dauntless was powered by a Wright R-1820 Radial Engine and had a top speed of over 250 mph. The Douglas SBD Dauntless had a range of over 1,100 miles and a service ceiling of over 25,500 feet.
The Douglas SBD Dauntless was armed with two .50 cal Browning machine guns in the nose and, two .30 caliber Browning machine guns in the tail. The Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bomber could carry over 2,200 lbs of bombs.