ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Extent to Which the Development Gap Occurs within Countries as Well as Globally

Updated on July 19, 2016

The development gap is extremely prevalent in all countries, but in particular, those that have recently had economic booms, such as China and India, where the positive effects may still not have reached rural communities.

The gap is perhaps most evident in Brazil, where the rich are taxed at a much lower rate than the poor; favelas, e.g. Rocinha, in Rio de Janeiro, grow from undesirable areas, such as steep hills, on the outskirts of economic hubs. IT is common to see traders taking cheap goods along the road with a donkey, whilst sports cars drive past.

A similar situation is present in India; Dharavi, a slum containing over 1 million people, is situated on the edge of Mumbai – one of the key cities in India's rapid economic development, which will one day rival the USA and China for superpower status.

Dharavi, Mumbai.
Dharavi, Mumbai. | Source

India's caste system has, and continues to, hold a significant proportion of its population in the poverty cycle, and South Africa's development gap is caused by racism initiated by historical colonialism. The resources are distributed unevenly in South Africa, with coastal areas receiving more economic benefits than the northwest. South Africa has one of the highest Gini coefficients, illustrating a similar wealth distribution inequality to Brazil.

The development gap also exists in developed countries, but not to the same extent. For example, many people in the United Kingdom live on minimum wage, but the very existence of a minimum wage adequate for survival, and the existence of a welfare system, shows that the poorest people are helped out of poverty.

Some areas of the USA have low wages and high unemployment, e.g. Detroit, and some states' education systems have been ranked as equivalent to those in developing countries.

California illustrates the development gap in a more economically developed country (MEDC); California alone has a gross domestic product (GDP) which would place it amongst the top 10 countries, yet some areas of Los Angeles have relatively high poverty levels. The minimum wage is not suitable for the cost of living, and people who work in catering and cleaning for Silicon Valley companies often have to resort to sleeping in vehicles, whilst the CEOs of said companies are among the richest people in the world.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • lawrence01 profile image

      Lawrence Hebb 

      2 years ago from Hamilton, New Zealand

      I've been to both 'rich and poor' countries and the first thing I'd ask here is "So, what's the solution?"

      I agree with you that there's a widening gap with wealth and poverty, but I'm not so sure I'd agree about the welfare system really helping, at best all it really does is to stop the people falling any lower. At worst (and I've seen this with my own eyes) it robs the people of the ability to think for themselves.

      Why would you need to think for yourself, or challenge yourself to 'better things' when the state will give you all that you need?

      I think that the real answer lies in a mix of the two.

      Lawrence

    • Dana Tate profile image

      Dana Tate 

      2 years ago from LOS ANGELES

      I applaud you for writing this story. Many people do not believe in this day and age that people are still living as if we were still in the stone ages. It is so easy for those that are doing "okay" to turn a blind eye. Poverty and hopelessness is a horrible feeling and many people treat others who have these as if the have a disease. Corrupt politicians, corrupt government and people who are heartless.

      When I try talking to others about this their response is to get angry and say it is not their responsibility but it is our responsibility to care for our brother and sisters on this earth. Homeless people did not start out being homeless, no child said, I want to grow up to be a drug addict, these are the end results of people who've grown tired.

      I am very passionate regarding the "plights" of human suffering because I have been on both sides of the fence. I know what its like to be doing well and then literally have the rug snatched out from under you and that type of devastation breaks your spirit.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)