The Extinct Sabre-toothed Tiger, Wooley Mammoth and Egyptian Cattle
The Sabre-toothed tiger is now extinct. The Sabre-toothed tiger was found in South America and North America. They are believed the Sabre-toothed tiger became extinct during the ice age. There are people that believe they became extinct 14,000 years ago when human settlers first come to America and hunted them to extinction. The tigers of today are not related to the Sabre-toothed tiger. It is believed the Sabre-toothed tiger roamed the open woodland and grassland plains. They were abundant in the mid-western area of the U.S. It is believed the Sabre-toothed tiger became extinct around 10,000BC. The Sabre-toothed tiger's canines would be up to 7 inches long. It is not known what color they were. It is believed their color might have resembled that of a lion. They were carnivorous and very dominate predators. They are thought to have preyed on bison and deer. It is believed they would attack a small woolly mammoth. They had no predators on the American plains. Over 2,000 skeletons have been found in the tar pits near Los Angles.
Many years ago you would find large herds of woolly mammoths roaming the frozen north. It is believed the elephant and woolly mammoth are related. By 1700BC the woolly mammoth was extinct. The woolly mammoth made its home in the Arctic tundra. They roamed around in huge herds and this helped them stay warm and offered them protection. There were 2 groups of the woolly mammoth. One group made their home in the high Arctic. The second group roamed a much larger area. The woolly mammoth was huge. They would often be over 4 metres tall. They varied a lot in size depending on where they lived. The woolly mammoth had huge tusks. It is thought they used them for defence and to dig for food. Their tusks were curved and would sometimes be 16 feet long. The woolly mammoth ate vegetation they found in the forest like fruit, leaves, twigs, berries and nuts. The Sabre-toothed tiger was their only predator. The woolly mammoth calves were hunted by the Sabre-toothed tigers. The woolly mammoth was hunted by humans. The humans hunting them and the ice melting in the Arctic tundra caused the woolly mammoth to become extinct. It is believed they lived to be about 70 years old. The woolly mammoths vanished from Wrangell Island in the Arctic Ocean in about 1700BC. They were now considered extinct.
No one really knows where the Egyptian Cattle originated. There are many people that believe they came from the Levant or Mesopotamia. There are other people who believe that they developed separately from a North African subspecies of the Auroch cattle. There has been a lot of evidence discovered that supports both ideas. There has been evidence that cattle had been domesticated in Levant by the 9th millennium BC. There have been excavations done by Holocene western Sahara that show there were cattle indigenous to the area there before the 8th millennium. The Egyptian Cattle were very important to the Egyptians of ancient times. The Egyptian Cattle were very hardy, and they were put on land that was not good for farming. The Egyptian Cattle provided the Egyptians with meat, milk and leather. They also used them in rituals, and the cattle were sacrificed. The Egyptian Cattle were so important to the Egyptian people and they thought their gods, Hathor, Ptah, Menthu and Atum-Ra took the form of cattle. The Egyptians mummified many of the Egyptian Cattle.” The Zebu, hump-backed cattle from Syria, were brought to Egypt during the New Kingdom. It is believed the Egyptian Cattle were replaced by the Zebu.