ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Fauns of Roman Mythology

Updated on August 17, 2018
Colin Quartermain profile image

Having travelled through Italy, Greece and the Aegean in his youth, Colin quickly became interested in the ancient mythology of the region.

The Confusing Mythology of the Fauns

The fauns are some of the most identifiable of creatures spoken of in Romany mythology; and despite the passing of two thousand years, many people today would be able to give an accurate physical description of a faun.

Such a description is likely to focus on a mythical creature of half-goat, half man appearance, with the additional physical features of goat horns emanating from the creature's head.

The common imagery of the faun though comes not from Roman mythology, and is more rooted in C.S. Lewis’ “The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe”; the faun, Mr. Tumnus, being the first creature encountered by Lucy in Narnia.

The general concept of the faun, as a mythological creature, is far more complicated than the character that appears in C.S. Lewis’ Chronicles of Narnia series.

Faun with Pan-pipes

Hans Makart (1840–1884) PD-art-100
Hans Makart (1840–1884) PD-art-100 | Source

Fauns in Ancient Rome

From the surviving sources of Roman mythology, we learn that the fauns were spirit gods of woodlands, and were considered to be both the offspring and attendants of the Roman deities, Faunus and Fauna.

Faunus was the Roman god of the forest, plains and fields; with Fauna being the Roman female equivalent of the male deity.

Fauns were therefore thought of being the mirror image of Faunus. This causes an issue though, as in the earliest mythology of Ancient Rome, Faunus was thought of as being human in appearance.

The religious processes of Ancient Rome were quick to incorporate the religious characters from conquered nations, or assimilated people, and linking them with their own. In the case of Faunus, the Greek god Pan became intertwined with the Roman god. The appearance and characteristics of Pan were therefore transposed onto Faunus, and so the imagery of the half-goat, half-man fauns started to emerge.

Bachnymphe und Faun

Karl Agricola (1779–1852) PD-art-100
Karl Agricola (1779–1852) PD-art-100 | Source

The Characteristics of the Fauns

As fauns were the mirror image of Faunus, all of them were male; there were no female fauns. Fauns would reproduce by mating with dryads, the tree nymphs, or other nymphs found in the ancient world.

The characteristics of the fauns also started to evolve, but the personality was soon intertwined with that of the Greek satyrs; and the names fauns and satyrs are even today often used as synonyms.

In ancient texts though, satyrs were the companions of Bacchus (Dionysus), and were associated with wine, debauchery and sexual conquest, although in antiquity these were not necessarily bad traits. Satyrs though, were not half-goat beings, but were men with ears of asses, horse tails and pug noses.

It was though the traits of the satyrs that were passed onto the fauns, and in particular the fauns were commonly connected with sexual conquest. This trait though, is not one associated with Mr Tumnus.

Nymph and Fauns

Julius Kronberg (Swedish, 1850-1921) PD-art-100
Julius Kronberg (Swedish, 1850-1921) PD-art-100 | Source

Fauns Reincorporated into Greek Mythology

Roman mythology had incorporated the imagery of Pan, and the characteristics of the satyrs from Greek mythology, but confusingly, later Greek mythology may well have taken the Roman faun and made use of it.

In later Greek mythology, Panes, followers and companions of the god Pan, started to appear in stories. The appearance of the Panes was consistent with the Roman fauns, but were considered to be a branch of the Satyr family of creatures.

Panes were associated with pasture lands, whilst the fauns were very much associated with the woodlands. As a group though, the fauns rarely appeared in Roman mythological stories, but were generally thought of as helpful, willing to help those lost in the forests. Satyrs and Panes though were more likely to hinder those that were lost.

In reality, in antiquity the faun was only a minor figure, and is arguably far more famous today, thanks to the works of C.S. Lewis, than it was in the preceding 2000 years.


Submit a Comment
  • Colin Quartermain profile imageAUTHOR

    Colin Quartermain 

    5 years ago

    Thanks Fred - it does seem that many things have a darker side to them, but Greek and Roman mythology was always evolving, so the ultra helpful Mr Tumnus might have fit in quite well eventually.

  • Fred Arnold profile image

    Fred Arnold 

    5 years ago from Clearwater, FL

    Hmm, this hub gave me a new outlook on fauns! I read the Chronicles of Narnia when I was younger and with the making of the movies, when someone says faun, I think of Mr. Tumnus. Now I can't stop thinking that he was just some horny old man goat! Haha.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)