The First Man on the Moon - Neil Armstrong
US astronaut Neil Armstrong was the first person to set foot on the surface of the moon ( July 20, 1969). Apollo 11 was NASA’s 3rd lunar mission and the crew members included Michael Collins, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin. Neil Armstrong was the first man to land on the surface of moon and Aldrin became the second man to walk on the surface of moon. Armstrong and Aldrin spent two –and-a-half hour on lunar surface exploring and researching moon and they said “they had no trouble in walking around on moon’s surface.”
Neil Armstrong’s Childhood And Education
Armstrong was born in the year 1930, in Ohio and he was one of the three children of Stephen Koenig Armstrong and Viola Louise Engel. Armstrong loved airplanes and aviation from an early age and he experienced his first aviation adventure when he was just 6 as he rode the Ford tri-Motor called “Tin Goose.”
He was an active participant of Boy scouts and he joined United States Navy as pilot in the year 1949, where he flew Panther jets in Korean War in 1950.Armstrong received many bravery awards for serving in Korean War and he resigned from the service in October 1960.
Armstrong was studying aerospace engineering before he joined US Navy and he got his Bachelor degree in 1955 in aeronautical engineering. He acquired education under “Holloway Plan”, where the applicant has to serve US Navy for three years, after two years of degree education. Later in 1970, Armstrong got the Master of Science degree from University of Southern California in aeronautical engineering.
Armstrong married Janet Elizabeth Shearon, in Purdue, in January 1956 and they had two children.
Neil Armstrong’s Space Missions
Armstrong joined Lewis Field as a research test pilot in 1955 and he soon gained recognition for his engineering capabilities at the institution. Armstrong was selected for the Man in Space Soonest program in 1957 and he joined NASA Astronaut as first civilian astronaut in 1962.
Gemini 8 mission was his first space mission where he was joined by another astronaut, David Scott to perform docking of spacecraft in space.
After Gemini 8, Armstrong went on Apollo 11 mission aimed to land a spacecraft on moon’s surface and Armstrong successfully landed the spacecraft on the surface of moon as the commander of the lunar mission. He walked on moon’s surface to become the first man on moon and carried out research on moon with other crew members.
Life after Apollo 11 Mission
After Apollo 11 mission, Armstrong announced not to fly again and he joined National Commission for investigations of spaceflight accidents where he was appointed in the committee to investigate Challenger disaster. In 1971, he retired from NASA and joined the University of Cincinnati as a professor of aerospace engineering, where he taught for eight years. Interestingly, though Neil Armstrong had deep knowledge about the prevailing technologies and breakthroughs in science, he had an unwavering faith in God and religion.
Armstrong received many awards and medals for his achievements as an astronaut and many schools, museums and institutions throughout America were named on his honour.