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The Fruit of their Labors- Tree Grown Fruitrients and Berries.

Updated on May 19, 2015

Honey Bee on Spanish Needles

Source

Bees(t) of Burden

Bees, the flying fanatics of flower fertility, are among the most industrious insect species. They of course are not the only hard-working insects. Solomon, the third king of ancient biblical era Israel, was impressed with the ant’s diligence. Nevertheless, we do not describe very active people as being busy an ant. We speak of them as being busy as a bee.

The European Honey Bee, Apis Millifera stand out among the estimated 20,000 bee species. They are both active and adaptable. The honey bees can survive temperate climate zones unlike their tropical/sub tropical kin. This gives them the flexibility to pollinate the apple, cranberry, and blueberry that prefer cooler regions and the tropical sun loving orange. The honey bees are not specialist unlike the aptly named alfalfa bee. They will pollinate anything from petunias to pear tree blossoms.

Bees in the trees

The honeybees' pollination of flower gardens is commonly known. Yet, this is just a part of their pollination efforts. They also pollinate fruit bearing trees. The pollinator aviators are not content to stay near the ground. They ascend the heights needed to nurture blossoms attached to trees. These bees are bold. They are not afraid to go out on a (tree) limb.

Beestrees1

Apple

The old adage "an apple a day keeps the doctor away" may well be rewritten to state "many types of apples per day keep the doctor away." Apples used for commercial purposes span an estimated 100 varieties. The market though, is dominated by less than a dozen of these reddish gems. Gala, Granny Smith and Delicious are three of the five types that comprise most American grown apples. Regardless of kind, honey bee pollination account for 90% of the apples we eat.

The apple is the source of favorites such as apple cider, applesauce and apple butter. The apple itself proves to be an invaluable source of fiber. A single apple (2 1/2" diameter) contains nearly 15% of the recommended daily allowance (r.d.a.) of dietary fiber. Furthermore, the apple includes soluble and insoluble fiber. Pectins, a type of soluble fiber help reduce cholesterol build up thus lowering the risk of atheroslerosis and heart disease. The insoluble fiber helps to keep bodies "regular." The honey bees keep our precious apples and their benefits available.

Beestrees2

Cherry

According to legend, George Washington, America's first president, confessed to cutting down a cherry tree. It seems the legend doesn't mention if the tree's cherries were sweet or sour. A tree with sweet cherries is self-unfruitful, meaning that pollination is not possible between flowers on the same tree. A tree that bears sour cherries is self-fruitful whereby pollination is possible between cherries on the same tree. Regardless, of their fruitfulness or lack thereof, honey bees account for a range between 80%-90% of cherry pollination.

The sweet variety is a good source, (one cup 20% suggested daily requirement) of vitamin A which aids vision among other benefits. The sour kind is a tremendous resource of vitamin A whereby one cup holds nearly 1/2 the amount required.within a day. The sweet choice has the anti-oxidant beta carotene, known for its cancer fighting properties. The sour counterpart provides denser concentrations of this same element. Life without honey bees would be a bowl of no cherries

Beestrees 3

Oranges grown in the U.S. are not as dependent upon honey bees as other fruit examined in this article. Also, members of the orange clan (oranges, tangerines) come to American stores from tropical international destinations where other pollinators contribute to their production. Yet, the bees' pollination effort, responsible for nearly 30% of home grown oranges, is significant. America produces close to double the tonnage amount of oranges than it does apples their nearest rival.

We as consumers enjoy the taste of fresh oranges, orange juices, and other orange flavored products. We also benefit from their nutritional value. A single California Valencia specimen (2-5/8" diameter) provides 2/3 of the daily requirement of vitamin C. The label of a major orange juice brand reveals that a single 8 ounce glass (100% juice) includes 120% of vitamin C, 10% of the potassium and 15% of the folic acid required in a day. The three nutrients play an integral role in cardiovascular health. The immunity boosting properties of vitamin C also lie within oranges. Bees bring us nutrients fronTthe orchards.

Beestrees4

Pear

The pear is a popular fruit that prefers a temperate climate in which to grow. Washington, Oregon and New York are among the states that lead America in pear production. In fact, this writer has the good fortune to receive pears from his brother's pear tree located in a Midwestern big city back yard.

The pear tree is pollinated by a variety of insects. However, for those among us without pear trees in our yards, honey bee pollination is important. The flying fruit bearing flower pollinators account for 60%-70% of pear pollination. The pear is actually a better source of dietary fiber than the highly touted apple. We need the honey bees help to get the virtually 20% of R.D.A.. of dietary fiber contained within a medium sized (5-6 ounces) pear. We 'apearantly' need bees.

Beestrees5

Plum

The plum presents distinct challenges to commercial harvesting. Plum trees typically grow one to five years before flowers bloom. Also, plum experts identify most trees as self-unfruitful, (see Cherry bees/trees 2) It takes two plum trees to do the pollination tangle. Whereas other insects pollinate plum tree flowers, honey bees remain the most vital to plum mass pollination. They account for more than 60% of all plum tree pollination.

We eat and drink the fruit of plumllination (plum tree pollination) via plums, prunes and prune juices. We benefit from the essential nutrients delivered by these sources. Prune juice is a significant source of potassium, fiber and iron. A six ounce glass contains 14% of the potassium, over 1/4 the daily requirement of iron. Potassium is a mineral of significant importance for overall health and is key to the maintenance of blood pressure. Iron, as we know helps us keep the pep in our step.Think plums, thank bees.



Great Blue Heron in Flight Over a Cranberry Bog

A bird's eye view of bee productivity.
A bird's eye view of bee productivity. | Source

Bees and Berries

The Vaccinium genus is a family of hardy plants that thrive growing in poor soil (acidic) and temperate climates. The tough vegetation found in this group actually prefers cooler regions. Its members include bilberry, blueberry, cranberry, and huckleberry among others. The blueberry and cranberry crop are highly dependent upon honey bee pollination. As such, the honey bees prove indispensable toward preventing a vaccinium vacancy in our kitchens.

Beesberries1

Blueberry

The blueberry divides itself among several species. The high brush variety is the type sold most often in stores for eating fresh out of the package. Blueberry flavor is a popular additive to a wide range of foods. Juices, yogurt, cereals, jellies, jams and of course blueberry pies are flavored with this delicious berry. The blueberries from which such tasty treats are derived depend upon honey bees for 90% of their pollination. Americans consume an estimated 850 pounds of this delicious delight as of the latest year for which statistics are available.

The blueberry is also good for us. It inhabits several lists of super foods due to its nutritional value. The blueberry combats cancer, protects heart health and stabilizes blood sugar. The 20%+ required daily amount of vitamin C and 10% of dietary fiber available in a 5 ounce cup of blueberries can take some credit for these results. The antioxidant allotment packs the cancer fighting punch. Big nutrients come in small packages. The package is not delivered by U.P.S.,United Parcel Service but rather U.B.S., United Bee Service.

Beesberries 2

Cranberry

The cranberry like its relatives grows in less than ideal conditions. It grows in bogs, swamp like habitats that are located in America’s cooler regions. The cranberry is then harvested in autumn. It is a rugged berry.

When the plants are tough, the pollinators are tougher. The relatively mild mannered (as compared to other bees) honey bees possess the grit to provide 90% or more of the pollination that enables cranberry delights to adorn our festive holiday tables.

Flavanoids are compounds derived from plants that serve their host in many ways. People who eat flavanoid filled flora also benefit. The cranberry contains flavanoids that help lowers LDL (low-density lipoprotein) the "bad" cholesterol that can clog arteries and thus cause Atherosclerosis which dangerously restricts blood flow. The berry and juice harbor these elements. The honey bees bring heart healthy ingredients to our holiday meals.

Bee-ware

Bees, both wild and domesticated, face the danger of extinction. The onset of an ailment known as Colony Collapse Disorder, (C.C.D.) a terror for which multiple causes are suspected, is attributed to the deadly winter of 2007-2008 in which 750,000-1,000,000 bees perished in the U.S. alone. Brazil and China, two other leading food exporters also reported large losses that season.

Bees, unlike the Polar Bear, the iconic symbol of animal lovers, tree huggers and environmentalist alike, would prove to be a very in our face absence. The figurative fruit of their labor provides approximately 1/3 of all food that Americans eat. Furthermore, their efforts have an international value of more than $200,000,000,000. It isn't hyperbole to proclaim C.C.D. an epidemic dangerous to human health and welfare. Bees have proven by the fruit of their labor that they are worth saving.

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    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 3 years ago from The Beautiful South

      Very interesting!I also believe the bee to be able to cure MS or send it into remission. Many people say so and I have a personal experience with it saying it is so but science seems hesitant to work in that direction. I suppose too much money would be lost.

      Up and sharing!

    • Schoolmom24 profile image

      Schoolmom24 3 years ago from Oregon

      A great reminder that so many things in creation directly effect so many others...

      We had actually too many bees in our neighborhood last year and the year before when a neighbor moved and left behind a displaced beehive. These bees, as a result, were aggressive and stinging us right and left. So needless to say, I wasn't feeling overly fond of them...but they have since dissipated and I am back to feeling kindly again toward this amazing species who are a vital part of our own healthy lives. Voted up!

    • justthemessenger profile image
      Author

      James C Moore 3 years ago from The Great Midwest

      Yes, the little critters are useful. Thank you both for reading and reviewing.

    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 3 years ago from The Beautiful South

      Right now the ants are the busy ones at my house. Will share this again, a great article people should read. Will send it to FB too and Twitter.

      Sorry FB not opening for me but shared it at HP and Twitter.

    • justthemessenger profile image
      Author

      James C Moore 3 years ago from The Great Midwest

      Thank you for the shares.

    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 3 years ago from The Beautiful South

      You are welcome. I just now got it into FB, don't know why it wouldn't earlier.

    • ologsinquito profile image

      ologsinquito 2 years ago from USA

      The food and herbs mentioned in the Bible seem to have medicinal properties, honey being a prime example.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Isaac Weithers 2 years ago from The Caribbean

      Busy as a bee suddenly takes on a new meaning. Sometimes we say it about people who are busy without purpose; but the bees are productive and efficient. Thank you for this meaningful tribute to their labor.

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 2 years ago from USA

      This is jam-packed with such interesting facts. I wish I knew more about what we could do on an individual level to help them. I've heard a lot about CCD but feel helpless other than not using pesticides myself.

    • justthemessenger profile image
      Author

      James C Moore 2 years ago from The Great Midwest

      2 FlourishAnyway

      I discovered in my research that planting certain flowers draws honey bees. Unfortunately, the main resource for that info is a book that's back with its rightful owner-the local library. However, I do remember that flower bearing weeds like daiseys attract bees.

    • ecogranny profile image

      Kathryn Grace 2 years ago from San Francisco

      Thank you for writing about our friendly pollinators, the bees. Without them, our diets would be far more bland. I do believe that there is overwhelming evidence now to support the theory that the great ongoing, worldwide hive decimation is due almost entirely to the overuse of ever stronger pesticides. Have you seen the studies? There are a number of them now, both European and domestic, that indicate pesticides are the real culprit.

      Thank you again for this article. Such an important topic.

    • justthemessenger profile image
      Author

      James C Moore 2 years ago from The Great Midwest

      Ecogranny- You're right, pesticides are the main cause suspected of colony collapse disorder. In fact, a group of Canadian farmers are suing pesticide makers for this very reason.

    • RonElFran profile image

      Ronald E. Franklin 2 years ago from Mechanicsburg, PA

      It's amazing how dependent we are on bees, but I'm sure most people are totally unaware. Not only do I love all the fruits you mention here, I also read your second article about the impact of bee pollination on production of nuts. I love cashews and almonds, and I'm sure that from now on I'll think of bees with every nut I eat.

    • justthemessenger profile image
      Author

      James C Moore 2 years ago from The Great Midwest

      RonElFran- Thank you for your input. And to think, I haven't even written "The Vegetables of their Labors" -yet.

    • ologsinquito profile image

      ologsinquito 2 years ago from USA

      It seems as if all of the Biblical references to food point to things that are good for us and life sustaining. We most definitely need bees and we need to save them.

    • Lady Guinevere profile image

      Debra Allen 2 years ago from West By God

      I must bust everyone's bubbles here. Honey bees are not the only bees that pollinate and they are the only ones that are dying. There are Solitary Bees that pollinate every flower no matter what is is. These are immune to the diseases and fungus of what the honeybees get and they do a better job of pollinating too. Google Solitary Bees. They also do not live in a hive and it is very easy to make them a home. Perhaps with these solitary bees, mother nature is concerned or is doing something else that we cannot understand on our scale.

    • justthemessenger profile image
      Author

      James C Moore 2 years ago from The Great Midwest

      Ologsinquito- The God of the bible is over everything nutrition, environmental concerns,money and everything else. So His advice on these thihgs is spot on.

    • justthemessenger profile image
      Author

      James C Moore 2 years ago from The Great Midwest

      Lady Guinevere- I will research solitary bees. Still, I wonder if they are up to the task of pollinating such that they can enable mass commercial agriculture to do its job. Also, I know that we humans have ahistory with the Apis Millifera. Can we trust the solitary ones?

    • rajan jolly profile image

      Rajan Singh Jolly 2 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Very informative and the hub shows how important the bees are to our well being.

      Shared the hub.

    • justthemessenger profile image
      Author

      James C Moore 2 years ago from The Great Midwest

      rajanjolly- Thanks for reading and for your input. We need all bees not just European honey bees and now they need us.

    • rebeccamealey profile image

      Rebecca Mealey 2 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

      I worry about the honey bee situation. I do! Thanks for writing this!

    • justthemessenger profile image
      Author

      James C Moore 2 years ago from The Great Midwest

      ATTN Hubbers: I just learned that the Organic Consumers Association (among others) will participate in a mass call-in to President Obama to ask him to protect bees from the toxic pesticides suspected of killing them off. This takes place Monday March 23, 2015. The number to call is 1-877-796-1948. And, of course, thanks for your views and comments.

    • Gibape profile image

      Milady González 22 months ago

      Hi justthemessenger

      Do you know that story about why Wasps can't produce honey? Well taking that as my anchor I wrote a short story for children, (in Spanish) The story goes this way: When God created the bees and the wasps asked them to pick between being able to produce honey or not. The condition was that if they were able to produce honey, when they stung man they would die. So the bees accepted and as you can see the wasps didn't and that is the reason why wasps can make such a beautiful comb but not honey. After all these, what I meant to say is that I like your hub :)... andI love bees.

    • justthemessenger profile image
      Author

      James C Moore 22 months ago from The Great Midwest

      That's a nice story. Taking that and stretching it out into a new story is really creative. Thanks for reading.

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