ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The History of Teaching Notes

Updated on May 18, 2015

American colonial Period

Overview

• Europeans came to the new land for religious freedom
• No overall education system
• Parents taught basic learning
• Others learns a trade as an apprenticeship
• Some worked without pay in exchange
• Puritans believed in the importance of religious learning & valued people who read the bible
• School was to teach people to read the bible
• Older children worked with families on farms
• Middle colonies-diverse
• Quakers- Everyone should be educated & tolerant of other beliefs
• Wealthy Sons-formal education
• Middle class & poor (girls)- few opportunities
• Slaves were taught skills useful to their owners
• Dame Schools- Student taught by a women in their own home, parents paid a fee, for boys & girls

Role of teachers

• Teachers ranked just below religious leaders
• Acted as an example for the community and morally behaved themselves
• Could not date, smoke, drink, marry
• Had to attend church every Sunday and participate in civic events
• Visited sick and preformed other charitable acts
• Expected to be honest
• Routinely cleaned the school
• School Curriculum
• Basic learning only
• Few formal schools past elementary
• Girls learned sewing/ home management in addition
• Men received best education among the population
• Books were rare and expensive
• Used homework books for instruction until 1800’s when book became less expensive

The American Early National Period 1776-1840

Laying the Scene

• Right after revolutionary war
• Thomas Jefferson elected on 1997
• Population of colonies- 5.3 million
• Washington D.C became the capital
• Racial tension
• Women didn’t go to school
• People were stereo-typed on religion and political views
• Only rich villages had schools
• Schools were run by religious figures
• Education changed in cities
• Cities grew diverse
• Spreading new ideas
• American ideas drifted from European influence
• Education promoted freedom and liberty
• Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson were influence leaders


Benjamin Franklin

• Created first public library
• Taught process of good citizenship
• Offered secondary school in Philadelphia


Thomas Jefferson

• 3rd president
• Believed common person should be educated
• Established University of Virginia
• Divided Virginia into counties
• School-no cost


Involvement

• Student expected to respect authority
• Church participated in community issues

Curriculum

• Used slate and chalk
• Learned a lot about history
• Most wealthy were able to get a good education
• Men went to universities
• Women had tutors

The American Common School Period 1840-1880

• 1840’s
o The Oregon Trail Gave people new hopes and dreams of finding their fortune and starting a new life.
• 1850’s
o People worked to end slavery
o Minimal schooling for kids at the beginning
• 1860’s
o The civil war claimed many lives in the north and south, in the end slaves were freed.
• Horace mann
o 1st secretary of state board
o Impact on education nationally
o Believed in common schools “giving the same education to people from different levels of society” (girls and Boys)
o He established teacher-training schools called normal schools
o Worked towards making schools equal to each other
o Advocated establishment of free libraries
o Increased state funding for public schools
• African American education
o Whites did not want African Americans to be educated, they feared it would lead to rebellion
o After the civil war efforts were made to improve education opportunities
o African American schools were set up, colleges too
o Most schools stayed segregated
• Role of teachers
o Low salary
o Took tests to be able to teach
o Horace Mann helped them to be better prepared
• School Curriculum
o Kindergarten was established
o Text books were used more, especially McGuffey readers
• Morril act
o Known as the land grant college act
o Gave land to provided colleges in every state
o Provided education for agriculture workers

The American Progressive Period- 1880-1921

Segregated Education

• Schools were highly segregated
• African American schools received less funding
• African American teachers could only teach in African American schools
• African American teachers received less pay

The Role of Teachers

• Teachers were considered professionals
• More emphasis was placed on educational theories
• A lot of woman became teachers
• By the end of the period, woman got the right to vote
• The first teachers labor union was formed
• They weren’t happy with standardization and they wanted more freedom in the classroom
• They wanted better pay, status, and working conditions

School Curriculum

• Schools should focus more on students as individuals
• They thought this would help citizens improve working and living conditions
• Thousands of public high schools were opened
• A high school diploma became more important in finding a job

John Dewey

• Educational philosopher, psychologist, and writer
• A leading voice for progressive education
• Believed that classrooms were to rigid, inflexible, and did not adapt to individual students
• Believed social interaction aided learning
• You can see evidence of his theories in today's education system

Maria Montessori

• Italy’s first female doctor who tried to find ways to help children with learning difficulties
• Montessori Method- considers all of a child’s needs, not just intellectual ones
• Children direct their own learning with teachers as their partners
Career and Technical Education
• Smith-Hughes Act of 1917- established federal funds to support vocational education
• Career and Technical Education- prepares students for career opportunities in specific trades and occupations, where skilled workers are needed

The Education Depression

• Words to Know
o Disposable Income: Money to Spend on things they Wanted, not Needed
o Quotas: Government Limits
o The Great Depression: A Series of Unfortunate Events
• History about History
o Economic Prosperity in 1920s
o Rate of Immigration was a Concern
o Economic Prosperity ended when Stock Market Crashed
o Public Schools Faced Shortages
 Citizens couldn’t Pay Taxes
• Effects of Depression BOTSS
o S-Shortage of Cash
o S-Shortened School Year
o T-Teacher Pay Decreased
o O-Operation Decreased
o B-Basic Subjects
• Federal Government
o Hired Teachers
o Purchased Supplies
o Gave Free Lunches to the Kids
o Better Schools were Built
• Dick & Jane Books
o Basic Reading Strategies
o Family Example
o 85 Million Students Used them

Contemporary Period 1940’s till Present

• 940’s-1950’s
• WWII ended in 1945
• Women and African Americans-Jobs
• 1958-National Defense Education Act (passed)
• Scientific equipment improved-public and private
• Math, science and foreign language-strengthen
• Early 50’s-segregated but equal
• Skinner’s Theory-1950’s controlling classroom, create behaved students
• 1960’s
• 1963-200,000+ people of all races marched-Civil Rights
• A time of educational innovation
• 1964-Civil Rights Act outlawed segregation
• Elementary and secondary Education Act-1965
• Project Head Start-1965 help preschool students in low income families
• 1970’s
• Unemployment rate went up
• Bilingual education- classes would be taught in both English and Spanish
• Education for All handicapped children act- free public education for disabled kids
• 1980’s
• Consumerism was at an all time high
• 1983-A Nation at Risk. Showed America’s competitive edge was at risk
• Many Americans were illiterate
• Back to Basics Movement-Schools needed to re-emphasize reading, writing, and math
• 1990’s
• Internet changed the way people communicated
• Unemployment hit all time low
• The Computer Revolution
• In the mid 1990’s most classrooms had computers
• Computer skills became necessary for a career
• Convenient to students because all the information is on the internet
• Educational Standards and Accountability
• Educational standards were set
• National Council on Education Standards and Testing (NCEST)-set national standards
• Competency based education
• Accountability for high quality education
• Standardized tests were designed to measure performance
• Goals 2000
• George H.W. Bush created 6 educational goals called the Goals of 2000 act
• No Child Left Behind Act
• Improved performance of schools
• All students got an education
• Charter school-offers freedoms from regulations of public schools
• Not all states provided charter schools

Schools Change

• Standards increase
• Segregation
• Brown vs. Board= illegal
• Plessy v Ferguson
• Male/female
• Horace man
• Women could be educated
• Female/male educated equally
• Schools started
• For religion

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)