The Laws of Eternal Dynamics
Continued from: https://hubpages.com/education/Thermodynamics-on-a-Cosmic-Scale
Over the last few chapters we have looked at thermodynamics and we noted that, as in all phenomena, we are talking about matter in motion. Matter, being the set of all atoms which comprises all existing objects, and motion referring to two or more locations of a particular object, or set of objects (system).
Since all phenomena is the result of surface to surface contact between two or more objects, we can understand that laws of motion would naturally form a foundation for all other laws of physics, chemistry, and biology.
We take note, particularly, of these three main Laws of Thermodynamics:
1) The Law of Conservation: energy cannot be created or destroyed in an isolated system
2) The Second Law of Thermodynamics: the entropy of any isolated system always increases
3) The Law of Maximum Entropy Production: energy in a system flows along the path or paths that will maximize entropy the quickest given the constraints of the system
Rationally, these laws can be restated like this:
1) Matter and Motion are Eternal
2) Objects assemble, disassemble, and reassemble forever
3) Anything that can happen did happen, does happen, and will happen forever
Because matter is eternally in motion, objects assemble, disassemble, and reassemble, and therefore anything that can happen did and will happen. This is not an issue of observation, experimentation, testing, or measuring.
There are no open, closed, or isolated systems, because all matter is interconnected.
Matter can not become space and space can not become matter. There was no prime mover, no beginning to motion, no Big Bang, no beginning and no end to matter in motion. There is only finite matter in ceaseless motion. See Rational Science Vol. I, Chapter 21, Big Bang Theory, Chapter 26, Neo Mechanical Gravitation Theory, Chapter 29, Infinite Universe; Vol, II, Chapter 11, Matter and Motion.
Over time things become more complex. Things become more organized as in weather patterns forming rain, ants building mounds, cell growth, and you make your bed. Over time, things become less organized as in: the storm is over, the rain washed away the ant mound, the cell dies, and you wake up in the morning to find the covers and sheets of your bed are messy.
In an eternity of matter in motion, there is no time. Time is merely motion plus memory, and while Mother Earth may record many events, Father Universe has no use for this metric and remembers nothing. In other words, locally there may be a linear relationship between cause and effect, but globally there is no such linear relationship to be found. The nature of the interconnectedness of all things insures a feedback/feed forward mechanism and an enduring circularly causal relationship.
With interconnected matter, we see that what happens here influences what happens there. Potentials minimizing here necessarily influences maximum entropy production there, and so on. Breaking things up into neat little packets of duration and discreteness may make it easier to approximate what is going on locally, but will never negate the inevitability of circular causality globally.
Life begins when the cell begins to move on its own against gravity and the path of least resistance, but life, like motion, never had a beginning.
Degrees of Freedom: Front/back, left/right, and up/down.
All existing objects are three dimensional. There are only the three mutually orthogonal directions an object can face. In other words, the three perpendicular directions, or 90 degree angles of 3D allow an object to have length, width, and height. In this respect an object can be said to have six degrees of freedom.
Types of motion: All motion resolves to rotation, tension, torsion, and vibration of thread, rope, and H-atom.
H-atoms expand and contract, reeling in and out, wrapping and unwrapping E threads and M threads, torquing EM ropes. E shells rotate around an axis swinging M threads around their perimeter. Ropes extend to every other H-atom and tension is held constant. Radial motion, or vibration is felt at every atom, and friction from rubbing threads in the E shell is felt along all connecting ropes.
Positive Kinetic energy, Negative Potential energy, or any other type of “energy” is merely motion of any given object being measured.
Atomic vibration and molecular motion is what we call heat and what thermometers measure as temperature. Since this motion can never cease, absolute zero is not possible. At the furthest distance out between celestial objects “in” interstellar space, a rope’s links may be “stretched” to its limit in the middle where the least amount of motion is possible. This may be just above the arbitrary unit of 0K. We’ve taken a cursory look at heat flow or motion, and we’ve considered gravity in defining what it means to be alive, but there are other factors, such as electricity and magnetism that surely influence matter in motion.
Typically we hear about the four fundamental forces of the universe: the force of gravity, the electromagnetic force and the strong or weak forces. When energy is not being used by the mechanics to bewilder and bedazzle you, they invoke the magical term “force.”
Here are just a few:
Applied force, normal force, frictional Force, tension force, spring force, gravitational force, electrical force, magnetic force.
Force, we are told, is what makes things go bump in the night. Force is anything that can change the motion of an object. There are only two forces: push and pull. Rationally, we understand that it takes two or more objects for any phenomenon to occur. What has been lacking is a underlying physical mechanism to unite all the forces into a grand unified theory of everything. Hundreds, perhaps thousands have been presented before. None like Thread Theory.
In the next book we’ll follow the thread from atom to galaxy. In the next chapter we will discuss scale of size.