About the Vikings.
Dark Age Europe was heavily influenced by the people's of Northern Europe. Between the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the ascendancy of the Roman Catholic church, The men and women of Scandinavia influenced present day Europe more than we like to give them credit for. We generally hold the view that the Vikings were renegade heathen pirates who looted, raped and pillaged the coasts of Britain and Continental Europe.
There is of course a lot of evidence to prove that Viking raids burnt Christian Churches to the ground, towns people were sold into slavery far away from their homes and human sacrifice was practised in honouring their many Gods. Are the Vikings the victim of anti-pagan propaganda from the Christian world? are we correct to view the Viking's as a race of barbarians who were solely interested in bloodshed, battle and Silver?
What we know of the Vikings is pieced together from various historic sources, the Roman Historian Tacticus wrote in the Second Century A.D of the Germanic peoples of Northern Europe. In his works he spoke of the Gods and Goddess who the people of Modern Germany and Scandinavia worshiped. He also wrote on the Warriors status within their tribal structure and the use of feasting in their traditions. Perhaps the early Romanized view of the early Vikings painted a very definite picture of what the Viking's were all about.
The Viking's are often depicted in great halls gorging themselves on cooked meat, washing it all down with copious amounts of mead or ale. Feasting was an integral part of the Norse and Germanic way of life. On the Religious festivals of the Viking calender the community celebrated with massive banquets to honour the Gods. The peoples of Germanic Europe valued hospitality as one of their own noble virtues, and even today in the rural, central and northern Europe it is still considered very poor manners not to allow visitors to experience your hospitality. There is a big difference between the Vikings on the battlefield compared to their normal everyday lives.
- Rus Vikings- trade and conflict
As a generalization Vikings are portrayed as marauding pirates who love raping, pillaging and mead. Yes they did do those acts, but they also traded with other cultures and built the infrastructure of some of...
- The Viking warrior and moral code
My parents brought my brother and myself up in a Christian household, not every Sunday morning without fail go to church Christian household. More of a live your life according to this institutions morality....
- Weapons of the Vikings
The Vikings conquered and spread their influence through most of the continent of Europe. The Vikings were able to use their superior seamanship and military might to take over large tracks of Europe, many...
Historians believe that the Vikings started raiding Coastal targets from around the 8th Century due to a lack of resources in their own lands. As the Viking population grew and the child mortality rate decreased, more adults needed a vocation and a destiny of their own. Traditionally the eldest son inherited the estate, leaving the other male heirs to either become soldiers for the local warlord, traders or mercenaries for foreign armies.
In the Viking occupied lands of Western Europe at the turn of the 9th Century some Viking second sons even joined the Catholic Church as Monastic apprentices. Given limited options as the lesser sons, why not form war bands to create your own legacy. Due to no obvious Continental power and infighting within a fragmented Europe, the lesser sons of Scandinavia could strike rich targets such as Churches with no real unified defence to oppose them.
One of the major effects of the Viking's naval supremacy was their ability to reopen up the trade routes which had become neglected since the fall of the Western Roman Empire. This allowed access to new materials, as well increasing the wealth of the merchant Vikings. This essentially laid down a trading Empire which allowed Europe to become more unified, and in time strengthened Europe's ability to defend itself for the first time since the Roman's dominated the European Continent.
The effect and legacy of the Viking culture is very much in force today, although we sometimes miss or ignore what we see everyday. The Viking's own Runic alphabet still lends a lot of its characters to our everyday lives, even though the rune's are on the whole are as "Dead as Latin" to the majority of Europeans. One of the runes which has passed into modern usage is the Viking letter for "G", this rune is called GIFU and is represented as [ X ]. GIFU means gift and is often use affectionately and represents the gift of love. So the next time you receive a Valentines Day card, their sentiment expressed to you is sealed with a little bit of Viking culture.
The Viking influence can be seen very clearly in the British Isles, the place names and language show a strong Scandinavian presence. The Vikings even effected the ethnic identity of the population of places such as the Orkney Islands. Scotland on the whole is generally considered to be a Celtic nation, In the Orkney's the natives have more genetically in common with their Norwegian neighbours.
- Weapons of the Viking Age.
The Vikings used their weapons to defeat their enemies, and increase their wealth. This hub looks at Viking armour, transportation and weaponry. The weaponry the Viking's used added to their legend.
- Ireland and it's Viking influence.
Ireland owes much to the people's of the North of Europe. These Vikings help found Ireland's cities and increased local trade.
- The Viking influence in the East Riding of Yorkshire...
The Vikings influence every settlement they visited. Those Vikings who permanently settled left a lasting impact on the population and heritage.
- The Viking Influence in the East Riding of Yorkshire...
The Vikings influence every settlement they visited, but sometimes the evidence is lost in plain sight. Those Vikings who permanently settled left a lasting impact on the population and heritage. We can see it in the language, names and features of t