ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Malayan Tiger and a few other Malayan Mammals

Updated on May 8, 2012

Baby Malayan Tapir

Malayan Tiger

The Malayan Tiger(Panthera tigris jacksoni)

This striking look big cat is the smallest species of Tiger, and although not the lowest in numbers is still considered Endangered.

Their habitats are the less dense woodlands and forests of the Malaya, but unfortunatley these have become increasingly fragmented over the years due to development projects and agriculture. Because Tigers need a large range to hunt and breed (around1000square kilometres per six breeding females), the chances of them meeting up with males during the mating season are becoming less. However mating does take place and after a gestation period of 3-4 months a litter of up to 5 cubs arrives. These will feed solely on milk for the first 2 months and until around 18 months of age will be dependant on mother for meat. It is during this period that she will teach them to hunt so they can then become independent.

They are an extremely important part of the ecosystem because they keep Wild Boar numbers down, this mammal being part of their diet which also includes sambar deer, barking deer, Bornean bearded pigs and senow. The Wild Boar are proving to be a real and serious pest for both farmers and plantation owners.

There are only 600-800 Malayan Tigers left in the wild, and although as said previously they are not the most threatened of the Tigers their numbers are declining.

Apart from habitat loss there is also commercial poaching of these magnificent animals. This is for Tiger parts used in medicine, their pelts, but also in Malaysia in recent years there has grown up a large domestic market for Tiger meat. This is despite the fact that there is both an International and Domestic trade ban.

Malayan Tapir

Malayan Tapir(Tapirus indicus)

The Malayan Tapir is a pig-like animal with a short snout who closest relatives are horses and rhinos. Their name in the Malay language is"cipan", "temuk", or "badak tampong". They are the largest of all Tapirs and only 1 of 4 of their species that exists in Malaya. However all are classified as Endangered.

Their markings are used as camouflage and they are a light colored patch which runs from shoulder to their rear with the rest of the body and head black, this includes their ears but these do have a white rim. They are around 6-8 feet in length with the female being the larger animal. They do not have good eyesight, but this is compensated for by very acute hearing and an excellent sense of smell.

The Tapir is a solitary animal with no real natural predators save possibly the Tiger, however if they feel threatened they can runaway swiftly, but can and will stand and defend themselves using their very strong jaws and teeth.. They like to live near water as they bathe and swim frequently and their diet consists of mainly forest resources.....berries, leaves and fruit. Although they are active at night they tend to eat in the early morning or early evening and hence are considered Crepuscular.

There is a decline in their numbers and this is due to habitat loss, flooding of the rivers by damming and hunting for their pelts and sometimes meat. Although as they are so pig-like then the meat is not a main issue.

Malayan Mouse Deer

Lesser Mouse Deer
Lesser Mouse Deer
Greater Mouse Deer with its ditinctive white markings
Greater Mouse Deer with its ditinctive white markings

The Malayan Mouse Deer(Tragulus javanicus(LESSER) and Tragulus napu(GREATER)

These unusual looking little creatures are only found in Malaysia, Borneo and the Palawan Islands.They are ungulates and also known as Chevrotains. Ungulates are groups of animals that use their toes (hooves) to support their whole body weight whilst on the move.

Not much larger than a rabbit they grow to about 70cmin length, have large ears,pointed nose, large eyes and long slender legs which support a rather chubby body.

They are believed to be nocturnal, however sometimes they are seen showing activity in daylight hours too. The Mouse deers favoured habitat is close to water where they nest amongst thick vegetation, or in hollow trees or simply find a hidden nook amongst the rocks.

They are extremely territorial and will emit a high shriek if alarmed or disturbed. This little, unusual creature lives on a diet of buds, leaves and fruit and DOES mostly eat at night as it has to avoid its natural predators, birds of prey and large reptiles.

Although not on the endangered species list , its population is under threat because of habitat destruction and hunting. Yet again man !!

The Black Shrew

The Black Shrew(Suncus ater)

Unfortunately there is very little known about this tiny creature. Although listed as Critically endangered there is a school of thought that it may have become extinct.It has rarely been seen by humans and the accompanying photo is of the only specimen that has been sighted.

This one was recorded on Mount Kinabula, in Sabuh. And yet again it is habitat destruction that may have caused its complete demise. If there are any surviving then it is hoped they will be found soon, but they are a very solitary animal and very aggressive towards each other.....apparently.

Malayan Sun Bear

The Malayan Sun Bear, the facts and tragic truth.

Malayan Sun Bear(Ursus Malayanus)

This is the smallest bear in the world....small, beautiful but very dangerous.. It gets its name from the gold coloured crescent of fur on its chest. They have extremely long nails and are very skilled climbers. Although considered dangerous they are omnivorous and live on fruit, insects, small mammals and birds.

It is these extremely long claws that cause such damage. because of habitat loss they frequently go onto coconut, banana and cocoa plantations looking for food and thereby ruin the trees and bushes that are being cultivated there.

This happens at night as the Sun bear is nocturnal and although it has poor eyesight it is it's excellent sense of smell that leads it into trouble.

Their numbers are so endangered in the wild for a number of reasons. Definitely habitat loss is one cause, then there is the trapping and killing by the farmers and plantation owners who want to protect their livelihoods.

BUT, the greatest threat to their numbers in the wild comes from a huge demand for Sun Bear parts and products in Traditional medicine. AND , they are eaten as entrees in restaurants and in Taiwan the favoured soup is made from Sun Bear paws.

There are at least 5,000 animals in captivity, but their lives are are miserable and confined. The reason is that they are milked for their bile, and it has been proven that a captive , live bear can produce 100 times more bile that a dead wild one.

When are we as humans going to stop this exploitation and cruelty??


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • clairemy profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago

      thanks for your coimment, but i hope you keep admiring them in the wild instead.

    • TravisB85 profile image


      6 years ago

      I've always wanted a pet tapir,I would call him Gregory and we would be best friends :).

    • clairemy profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago

      Thankyou for reading and leavibg a comment Alastar.

    • clairemy profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago

      Alastar, thankyou for visiting and glad you found it useful.

    • clairemy profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago

      bethperry, Thankyou for your comment and the fact that you can understand why I wrote what I wrote. And, yes, that baby Tapir is cute!!

    • Alastar Packer profile image

      Alastar Packer 

      6 years ago from North Carolina

      Good info clairemy.

    • bethperry profile image

      Beth Perry 

      6 years ago from Tennesee

      Wow! This was fascinating.

      I understand that animals are food for humans and in turn humans are food for animals but I will never understand killing something with such explicit disregard to the survival of the species. It is so wrong, stupid and sad. But thank you for this Hub, it helps bring the truth to the public.

      And oh, that baby Tapir is soooooo cute!!

      Voting up.

    • clairemy profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago

      Firstly, thankyou for leaving a comment. I love tapirs too, and have been lucky enough to go in with one in an animal park in England and cuddle it. As for the shrew, I had not heard of it either, and hope it is surviving in peace and quiet.

    • Nettlemere profile image


      6 years ago from Burnley, Lancashire, UK

      Those tapirs have the world's cutest babies. Interested to read about the shrew which is a species I hadn't heard of.

    • clairemy profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago

      aviannovice I hope they do not find it either, it deserves the peace and quiet it obviously needs. No people DO NOT learn, but we can only live in hope that oneday....... And thankyou so much for the visit, comment and vote. They are always greatly appreciated.

    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 

      6 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      Voted up and awesome. Hopefully, NOBODY will find the little black shrew. It needs to try a comeback without humanity. People never seem to learn, do they?


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)