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The Mauryan Empire Facts

Updated on August 14, 2014
Extent of the Mauryan Empire
Extent of the Mauryan Empire

The Great Mauryan Empire

The rise of the Great Mauryan Empire was a unique event in the History of India. It was the first Empire in the Indian sub-continent came into existence by unifying the innumerable fragments of distracted territory. Great personalities have emerged as the rulers have perfected every field. Political affairs were carried in an outstanding way, world-wide religious moments were initiated and many other achievements of which the effects are still felt.

Kautilya's Arthasastra was the most important source for the study of Mauryan Empire. Kautilya was generally considered to be the architect of the first Mauryan Emperor Chandragupta's rise to power. Arthasastra was divided into 15 sections and 180 sub-sections. The book was discovered by Shamasastri in 1909 and ably translated by him. Another source of information for the same was Indika of Megastanese.

The Nanda Dynasty was ruling over the region of Magadha during the 5th and 4th centuries BC, their rule was oppressive to the people in many ways. From the records of the history of ancient India it was written that the Mauryan Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya with the help of Kautilya by overthrowing the Nandas. The war between Nanda king and Chandragupta Maurya was nowhere detailed clearly.

Chandragupta Maurya

He was the founder of the Great Mauryan Empire. By overthrowing the Nanda King he established the kingdom. Many stories were fabricated in different records about the war in between Chandragupta Maurya and the Nanda King. However, Chandragupta Maurya was victorious and has succeeded in establishing a new empire. Ambitious King Chandragupta was finally the master of a large empire began his expedition of conquering more territories. In his north-west expedition he met with Seleucus, the successor of Alexander in Babylon, in 305 BC Seleucus was defeated and was forced to enter into a humiliating treaty. Chandragupta Maurya was called as Sandrakotas in Greek records. In his chain of conquests Chandragupta Maurya's conquered territories in every direction. The great king ruled over a vast empire, he can rightly be called one of the greatest rulers of ancient India. Chandragupta Maurya patronaged Jainism religion.


The great king, Chandragupta Maurya was succeeded by his son Bindusara. He maintained contacts with almost all the neighbouring nations of the world and continued his father's rule. He patronaged Azvika religion. Two Greek ambassadors were sent to his court, Deimachus by Antiochus-I and Dionysius by Ptolemy. Bindusara was called as Amitrachates in Greek records. From the records, Bindusara had a large number of sons. Some of them were appointed as in-charge of territories he possessed. After he passed away in 272 BC, his sons have gone to war of succession. One of his sons, Ashoka killed all his brother and ascended to the throne of the Mauryan Empire.


He was the greatest king of Mauryan Empire and also one of the greatest kings of ancient India. He was often referred in books as Ashoka the Great. He succeed to the throne of Mauryan Empire after his father, Bindusara. In his father's reign, Prince Ashoka was the viceroy of Ujjaini, being very capable in ruling he was sent to Taxila to suppress a protest. In 268 BC, Ashoka came to the power. Ambitious like his grandfather, Ashoka continued the wars, subjugated many territories. He brought many territories under his control, very cruel in his initial regnal years, he was called as Chandashok. Ashoka later turned into a non-violent king after he fought a war in Deccan India with Kalinga. He stopped all the wars there from and became the World's first non-violent king. He propagated peace and non-violence. He patronaged Buddism and have initiated many religious moments throughout the world. He concentrated not only on material prosperity but also on moral prosperity.

Successors of Ashoka

In his eighth regnal year after the war of Kalinga, Ashoka turned into a non-violent king. He gave up hostility and concentrated in creating cordial relations with his neighboring nations. Apart of the same he stopped all the wars and have sent emissaries to propagate peace and non-violence. He sent his sons and close associates to the neighboring nations to develop cordial relationships.

While stepping down, Ashoka divided his entire kingdom into two parts, East and West. The eastern part was given to Dasaratha while the western part was handed over to Kunala. Samprathi was the successor of Kunala. When Samprathi ascended the throne the two parts of the kingdom were merged again into one. Brihadratha was the last ruler of this dynasty. He was assassinated by Pushyamitra Sunga thus came into existence the Sunga dynasty with the fall of the Great Mauryan Empire.


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      Sailendra 6 months ago

      Very much informative Mr Dilip Chandra. A lot of research in History can produce such immaculate acticles. Thank you.

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      Aseenanishad 4 years ago

      Thanks for your help

    • dilipchandra12 profile image

      Dilip Chandra 5 years ago from India

      Thank you ologsinquito for going through my hub. Mauryan Empire is the first and the greatest of all the empires in the Indian history.

    • ologsinquito profile image

      ologsinquito 5 years ago from USA

      Hi dilipchandra12,

      This is an interesting historical account. Here is the west we don't hear much about the Mauryan Empire. I had never heard of it until now.

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      shrishti 5 years ago

      nice written it helped me lot thank u

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      manshu 5 years ago

      very good

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      meena 5 years ago


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      Hari 5 years ago

      Thank you for refreshing me the history..:)

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      ninja 6 years ago

      thank 4 your help

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      pk.300 6 years ago


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      siddhi 6 years ago

      nice history about ashoka,bindusara

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      Fiza 6 years ago

      Dis z really a gr8 info n could lead us 2 bright success..... Thnx a lot

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      peace607868 6 years ago

      well no thank u because my stupid social studie teacher made us make a 1 page report on wat iz the maurya empire yall don't got no details

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      A.K.A 6 years ago

      Thank you this really helped me on my project and it was due the next day. So BIG THANKS :)

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      Thomas Silvia 6 years ago from Massachusetts

      Thank you for sharing this very interesting hub,it made it an enjoyable read .

    • Reynold Jay profile image

      Reynold Jay 6 years ago from Saginaw, Michigan

      This is the kind of history that is exciting for me. I researched Mansa Musa, a North African king and ended up writing a novel about it. This is just as exciting. Welcome to HUB writing. I enjoyed this very much. You have this laid out beautifully and it is easy to understand. Keep up the great HUBS. I must give this an “Up ONE and awesome.” I'm now your fan! RJ

      Based upon your HUB, you might enjoy this HUB…

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      Chander Mehra 6 years ago from Delhi

      Excellent. You should watch the series on IMAGINE TV titled Chanragupta Maurya. Very enlightening. Chandra Gupta is my favorite hero in history, after Ahoka, his grandson. Kautalya, popularly known as Chanakya, is relevant even today in the context of South Asia and his concept of AKHAND BHARAT, one, undivided India.